US-North Korea summit and its outcome

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North Korea was an isolated state for decades, with a totalitarian regime with extreme censorship and forced-labour camps. But the new leader of the country, Kim Jong Un meeting with the US President Donald Trump has brought the much needed change in the Korean Peninsula. A joint statement was signed between the leaders agreeing for security guarantees for North Korea has put forward, new peaceful relations, reaffirmation of the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

One of the most positive results of the summit was that, Trump announced that the US would discontinue ‘provocative’ joint military exercises with South Korea and would 'eventually' withdraw troops stationed in the zone.

How did that happen?

Ever since Korea has been divided since 1945, the Korean Peninsula was filled with mutual hatred between the North and South Korea. Korean War of 1950–1953 ended with an armistice agreement but not a peace settlement. The sporadic violence continued, with US troops remained in the South Korea as part of a mutual defense treaty. This threatened North Korea, which began to build its nuclear arms and starting its nuclear weapons program in the 1980s. North Korea first committed to denuclearization in 1992, but it was not enforced. But US continue to term North Korea as part of an "axis of evil" , which continued till 21st century. Despite, announcing its nuclear program, North Korea was not offered any immunity from International sanction. With the nuclear and missile programme nearly complete and along pressure from China, North Korea announced its intention talk with US.

Positive approach from North Korea

The North Korean leader Kim Jung desired to end the country’s international isolation and wished to achieve what his father and grandfather never could do. He personally wished to meet with the US president which would, in his eyes, cement his legitimacy and character around the world. Besides, he also wanted to secure his legacy where economic development is the primary objective of the country. So he dramatically shifted used a speech in New Year to open the door to dialogue with the South Korea. This was met with positive reactions from the South India resulting in the meeting of the leaders more than a decade. After North Korea, announced Olympic Games, it helped to improve North Korea’s public image in the world. During the meet, Kim’s gesture of holding the South Korean President when they met at the border of their two countries was widely appreciated. Many political experts mention that Kim clearly used the unusual situation of its unprecedented nuclear capability and an unconventional US president to his advantage. With winning strategy of swinging predictably from provocation to engagement, so that could yet swing back again has yielded in favour North Korea.

What US achieved in the Summit?

Some US foreign policy makers believe that Mr Trump emerged the winner. They opine that US President Donald Trump readily agreed to participate the summit, when North Korea was ready to hold peace talks after its meet with the South. US believed that summit will set the stage for "a long, lengthy, step-by-step process for negotiating and implementing promises, where both sides could work towards North Korea's denuclearization plan. US strongly believes that the results of the summit will make North Korea giving up some, but certainly not all, of nuclear capabilities. But also safeguard itself from any nuclear in the future.

What are the contents of the joint statement?

Trump and Kim signed a joint statement which was titled "Joint Statement of President Donald J. Trump of the United States of America and Chairman Kim Jong-un of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) at the Singapore Summit", which Trump described as a "very important" and "comprehensive" agreement. The document contained:

  • The United States and the DPRK commit to establish new U.S.-DPRK relations in accordance with the desire of the peoples of the two countries for peace and prosperity.
  • The United States and the DPRK will join their efforts to build a lasting and stable peace regime on the Korean Peninsula.
  • Reaffirming the April 27, 2018 Panmunjom Declaration, the DPRK commits to work towards the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
  • The United States and the DPRK commit to recovering POW/MIA remains including the immediate repatriation of those already identified.
In addition to the numbered provisions, the joint statement also mentions Trump's commitment to providing security guarantees to North Korea. Follow-up negotiations between Pompeo and an undetermined high-level North Korean official are also called for by the joint statement

Conclusion

The historic summit yielding positive notes from both the countries. Upon returning to the United States the following day, President Trump declared that North Korea was no longer a nuclear threat which is treated as a great statement from any US President . Going further, Trump provided a "Notice Regarding the Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to North Korea," which extended the Executive Order 13466 of 2008 by one year, reaffirming "the current existence and risk of the proliferation of weapons-usable fissile material on the Korean Peninsula constitute an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States, and I hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat.

Though this is sudden move from both the sides, the two nations must be patient to get the peace deal to achieve success. US President Donald Trump might get frustrated with the slow pace of progress on denuclearization in North Korea. Many US political critics might frequently expose him by offering criticism that he is getting played by Kim. On the other sides, North Korean Supreme leader Kim may also decide that his country is not getting enough concessions out of the process and his supporter might push for the withdraw from the deal.

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