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Prospects of non BJP, non Congress parties alliance in 2014 General election

India is feeling the heat of Lok Sabha elections. The general election will be held in nine phases, from 7 April to 12 May 2014. Political Parties campaigning are on the rise as each wants to turn the tables to hold power at the centre.

India has started witnessing several interesting developments in its political lineup. This includes the formation of the third front, comprising of 11 regional and left wing parties, to oppose both the Congress and BJP political parties.

While the third front may seem like a likely contender to form the nation's 16th government, it still has to find a way to win the people's hearts and overcome its shortcomings.

However, given the fact that Indian elections are always unpredictable, and that the nation is divided between the Congress's corruption scandals and the BJP's communalist propaganda, the third front may just end up by snatching a surprise victory.

The Third Front in the Indian politics refers to the non BJP non Congress parties that have come together belonging to states like Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Orissa, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar and the Uttar Pradesh etc.

The Third Front has declared itself as an alternative to the dominance of India's two main parties, the Congress and the BJP.

The SP Chief Mulayam Singh Yadav is confident that the Third Front will form the Government after the 2014 Lok Sabha elections.

According to a survey, the third front is likely to win over 92 parliamentary seats. It is significant because in case none of the major parties is able to get majority even after having alliances with the smaller parties, in that case the third front would have the chance to form the government.

Consisting of some of India's most powerful regional leaders, including Nitish Kumar (Chief Minister of Bihar), Naveen Patnaik (Chief Minister of Odisha), Jayalalitha (Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu) and H. D. D Gowda (India's 11th prime minister), the third front could very well turn the tables on both the BJP and the Congress this year.

However, there are many doubts that linger around the alliance and its ability to perform as a unified force. For instance, the parties comprising the third front have immense power in their respective states, it remains to be seen if they collectively may seal a victory at the national level.

The parties have not made a binding agreements, and have formed a loose coalition which can likely break if they decide to back to the major political parties.

At the moment what it appears that the BJP is leading the race with Narendra Modi as the Prime Ministerial candidate. Congress does not seem likely to regain power because people are unhappy with its 10 years rule.

Even the BJP and its allies are going to get a clear majority with 272 seats. In that case the non Congress non BJP parties stand a chance for forming a government. It remains to be seen if this really can happen.

Himanshu Yadav