National Education Policy Analyze and Suggestions

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The Future of India will be shaped in the classrooms. Nelson Mandela said “Education is the most powerful weapon through which we can change the world”.  “Education is the manifestation of perfection which already exists in Man” was said by Swami Vivekananda. If a country needs to be progressive we need to have a very good education system. A good education system will bring informed citizenry, a progressive country and it will act as a foundation for a great nation building. Nurturing young minds, Igniting young minds should be the goal of any education policy. To this end after independence we have started various education policies. The first ever education policy was framed in India in 1968. The second education was introduced in 1986 and later with some reforms and amendments in 1992.  The cabinet approved new education policy for the nation as New Education Policy 2020. This particular educational policy is the outcome of laborious process particularly with white debates, discussions and controversies. Initially TSR Subramanian committee was appointed to bring out and recommended reforms in our education system. Later on it is Kasturirangan committee whose recommendations now by enlarged was accepted. In fact, when kasturirangan committee recommendations were out and they were open for public debates and discussions and finally cabinet approved New Education Policy.

Objectives of National Educational Policy:

  1. Changing needs of times
  2. Changing demands of market:  particularly in 1970’s and 1980’s we have much focus on humanities and arts now it is more about Technical Education and Technological based education.
  3. New courses are coming up like bio technology, hotel management , Information technology,  Technical side and diversified courses are coming up to meet the job markets.
  4. In all the domains and in all the spheres of human life, IT entered even in education sector digital learning concepts entered.
  5. Even in that we are lagging so to address this we have an agenda to promote the digital learning also.
  6. The important thing is in 21st century skills. All the new skills which are required for job market.
  7. With the advent of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Software Technology humans need to develop critical thinking, analytical skills, creative skills and decision making and without missing human touch and ethics.
  8. The 21st century skills including Information Technology skills, communication skills, analytical skills, critical analysis are required.
  9. It is not just rotten learning, mugging. We need a skill where children will properly understand the concept of subject.
  10.  To this end our New Educational Policy has evolved and trying to achieve. Let’s hope that it will do the best.

     Highlights of National Education Policy:

  1. Changing of Nomenclature of Ministry:

                                    Ministry of HRD now will be called as Educational Ministry. In fact till 1985, it is called education ministry but the name was changed by the Rajiv Gandhi government till now. Again now to reflect more focus on learning, research, they have again changed the name to Ministry of Education, though symbolic but significant.

  1. Transformation is Phenomenal:

                                     It is not just incremental change but a transformative and complete change in our education package.

  1. School  education:

                                    Pre- school to secondary level universalization of education. We have till now 10+2, but now we have 5+3+3+4. Which includes foundation education, primary, middle, secondary; it’s a complete 15 years course. In this government is planning to have universalization that means 100% gross enrollment ratio at all levels by 2030 in school education.

  1. Open schooling system:

2 crores of children need to bring in to main stream education. Those who are vulnerable, those who are not in mainstream, those who are in marginal age. We need to provide education to them. New education policy system will have 12 years of schooling and plus 3 years of anganwadi and pre schooling.Till date we have not focused on beginning 3 years of child i.e. at the age of 3 to the age of 6, we have never focused much on this age. In fact, 85% of child’s brain will start maturing and functioning at this age to understand new things and to understand new languages and concepts. Preschool and pre preprimary education 3 level to 6 levels we are trying to improve. Emphasis on foundation literacy and numeracy.

According to recent ASER report the children who are studying class 2 could not read the numbers or alphabets. Children who are reading 5th class cannot read the text books of 2nd class. National mission on numeracy and literacy is proposed to be established in new education system. Up to 8 classes teaching can be preferred in mother tongue.  The new policy is promoting digital way of learning. new forum is created which acts like a platform in exchanging of ideas particularly digital technology in utmost potential in promoting education. In this policy a 360 degree holistic progress of the child will be taken care of. The target of the exam is ‘PARAKH’ which stands for Performance, Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic development. These are only the highlights we need much more on analysis on this policy.

The Future of India will be shaped in the classrooms. Nelson Mandela said “Education is the most powerful weapon through which we can change the world”.  “Education is the manifestation of perfection which already exists in Man” was said by Swami Vivekananda. If a country needs to be progressive we need to have a very good education system. A good education system will bring informed citizenry, a progressive country and it will act as a foundation for a great nation building. Nurturing young minds, Igniting young minds should be the goal of any education policy. To this end after independence we have started various education policies. The first ever education policy was framed in India in 1968. The second education was introduced in 1986 and later with some reforms and amendments in 1992.  The cabinet approved new education policy for the nation as New Education Policy 2020. This particular educational policy is the outcome of laborious process particularly with white debates, discussions and controversies. Initially TSR Subramanian committee was appointed to bring out and recommended reforms in our education system. Later on it is Kasturirangan committee whose recommendations now by enlarged was accepted. In fact, when kasturirangan committee recommendations were out and they were open for public debates and discussions and finally cabinet approved New Education Policy.

Objectives of National Educational Policy:

  1. Changing needs of times
  2. Changing demands of market:  particularly in 1970’s and 1980’s we have much focus on humanities and arts now it is more about Technical Education and Technological based education.
  3. New courses are coming up like bio technology, hotel management , Information technology,  Technical side and diversified courses are coming up to meet the job markets.
  4. In all the domains and in all the spheres of human life, IT entered even in education sector digital learning concepts entered.
  5. Even in that we are lagging so to address this we have an agenda to promote the digital learning also.
  6. The important thing is in 21st century skills. All the new skills which are required for job market.
  7. With the advent of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Software Technology humans need to develop critical thinking, analytical skills, creative skills and decision making and without missing human touch and ethics.
  8. The 21st century skills including Information Technology skills, communication skills, analytical skills, critical analysis are required.
  9. It is not just rotten learning, mugging. We need a skill where children will properly understand the concept of subject.
  10.  To this end our New Educational Policy has evolved and trying to achieve. Let’s hope that it will do the best.

     Highlights of National Education Policy:

  1. Changing of Nomenclature of Ministry:

                                    Ministry of HRD now will be called as Educational Ministry. In fact till 1985, it is called education ministry but the name was changed by the Rajiv Gandhi government till now. Again now to reflect more focus on learning, research, they have again changed the name to Ministry of Education, though symbolic but significant.

  1. Transformation is Phenomenal:

                                     It is not just incremental change but a transformative and complete change in our education package.

  1. School  education:

                                    Pre- school to secondary level universalization of education. We have till now 10+2, but now we have 5+3+3+4. Which includes foundation education, primary, middle, secondary; it’s a complete 15 years course. In this government is planning to have universalization that means 100% gross enrollment ratio at all levels by 2030 in school education.

  1. Open schooling system:

2 crores of children need to bring in to main stream education. Those who are vulnerable, those who are not in mainstream, those who are in marginal age. We need to provide education to them. New education policy system will have 12 years of schooling and plus 3 years of anganwadi and pre schooling.Till date we have not focused on beginning 3 years of child i.e. at the age of 3 to the age of 6, we have never focused much on this age. In fact, 85% of child’s brain will start maturing and functioning at this age to understand new things and to understand new languages and concepts. Preschool and pre preprimary education 3 level to 6 levels we are trying to improve. Emphasis on foundation literacy and numeracy.

According to recent ASER report the children who are studying class 2 could not read the numbers or alphabets. Children who are reading 5th class cannot read the text books of 2nd class. National mission on numeracy and literacy is proposed to be established in new education system. Up to 8 classes teaching can be preferred in mother tongue.  The new policy is promoting digital way of learning. new forum is created which acts like a platform in exchanging of ideas particularly digital technology in utmost potential in promoting education. In this policy a 360 degree holistic progress of the child will be taken care of. The target of the exam is ‘PARAKH’ which stands for Performance, Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic development. These are only the highlights we need much more on analysis on this policy.

-Sharooq Ahamed