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Current Affairs 2018

The value of Current Affairs in Civil Service Examinations is enormous. This is the most critical part of both Prelims and Mains Exam. Aspirants should study in depth to understand the significance of current affairs for the Union Public Service Commission. In fact, all the questions in Civil Service Exams are framed around current affairs. Questions are not asked directly for current news and information in the exam. Questions are framed by combining current affairs with practical knowledge. The primary motive behind this type of strategy is to check the ability of correlation a candidate can make to the fact.

Why current affairs is more important in Civil Service Exam ?

Success in Prelims and Mains Exam is directly related to an aspirant’s awareness in current affairs. Preparation of current affairs for UPSC is the key to unlock the exam. It requires practice and revision in a well-connected manner.

In such a scenario the preparation of current affairs topics related to India and the world is an important part of your preparations. The students have to be aware of the happening in India and around the world as this portion is an integral part of the general studies paper.

In order to make you ready for the challenges of the Current Affairs preparation, we are covering the current affairs topics on a regular basis.

Our current topics are categorised in such a way that it includes; political affairs, current news, science news, general knowledge, government's scheme and policies and international affairs.

We provide you comprehensive topics of preparation that covers not only India's current scenario but also international events. We also cover Indian news headlines and other important international events under the current affairs segment.

For the very purpose of getting you ready for the challenge that is current news and views in India, we are covering the current affairs 2018 on a regular basis. Our hot topics are categorised such that they include political affairs, current news, science news, general knowledge, current government affairs and international affairs. Only studying India's current scenario or political affairs is not sufficient as you have to cover international events and affairs along with the Indian news space, as well as important and current events in the field of science and sports.

Current Affairs News

Current affairs books and magazine

IAS Academy Bangalore

Current Affairs July 23 to July 29

International Current News

  • Pakistan Election 2018:
    Pakistani cricket legend Imran Khan’s party was declared victory in a divisive general election in Pakistan. Speaking in a televised speeh, Imran Khan said God has given me a chance to come to power to implement that ideology which I started 22 years ago. He was ready to lead the nuclear-armed nation despite a long delay in ballot counting and allegations of vote-rigging from his main opponents. Throughout the speech Khan who was a fierce critic of US policy in the region, called for "mutually beneficial" ties with Pakistan’s on-off ally the United States, and offered an olive branch to arch-foe India, saying the two nations should resolve their long-simmering dispute over Kashmir.
  • Ebola : It is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses. A new Ebola virus has been found in bats in Sierra Leone, two years after the end of an outbreak that killed over 11 000 across West Africa. Though the findings are not yet confirmed, that the new Bombali species of the virus - which researchers say could be transmitted to humans - can develop into the deadly Ebola disease.

National Current News

  • Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2018: It is new bill passed by the Lok Sabha. The bill seeks lays down a stringent punishment of 10 years to life imprisonment for aggravated forms of trafficking, which include buying or selling of persons for the purpose of bonded labour, bearing a child, as well as those where chemical substances or hormones are administered, and a survivor acquires life-threatening illnesses such as AIDS. The Bill proposes establishing a National Anti-Trafficking Bureau (NATB) for coordinating, monitoring and surveillance of trafficking cases. It also provides for a Relief and Rehabilitation Committee and Rehabilitation Fund with an initial allocation of ₹ 10 crore. It prescribes forfeiture of property used or likely to be used for the commission of an offence.
  • Prime Minister’s Research Fellows (PMRF) Scheme : It is a national scheme aimed at attracting the talent pool of the country to doctoral (Ph.D.) programs of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) for carrying out research in cutting edge science and technology domains, with focus on national priorities. It was announced in the Budget Speech 2018-19. It will be implemented for period of seven years beginning 2018-19 at total cost of Rs. 1650 crore. Under it, best students who have completed or are in final year of B. Tech/Integrated M.Tech/M.Sc courses in Science and Technology streams will be offered direct admission in PhD programme in IITs/IISc. Maximum of 3000 Fellows would be selected in three year period, beginning 2018-19.Monthly fellowship: Selected students through selection process laid down in PMRF Guidelines will be offered monthly fellowship of Rs.70,000 for first two years, Rs.75,000 for 3rd year and Rs.80,000 in 4th and 5th years. Each selected fellow students will be also provided research grant of Rs.2.00 lakh for period of 5 years to cover their foreign travel expenses for presenting research papers in international conferences and seminars.
  • Kerala : Kerala, a state on India's tropical Malabar Coast, has nearly 600km of Arabian Sea shoreline. Kerala topped the list of best governed states in the country. According to an index released by Public Affairs Centre, Kerala topped the index, for the third time, for being the best governed large State in the country and Tamil Nadu and Telangana stood second and third respectively. The index was based on 10 themes, 30 focus subjects and 100 indicators. The states were divided into two categories -- large and small -- on the basis of their population. States with more than two crore population were considered large. A total of 30 focus subjects and 100 indicators were measured to derive the PAI, relying solely upon government data. Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar ranked the lowest on the PAI, indicating higher social and economic inequalities in the states. Among smaller states (with population less than two crore), Himachal Pradesh topped the list, followed by Goa, Mizoram, Sikkim and Tripura which figured among the top five states with good governance. Nagaland, Manipur and Meghalaya were ranked at the bottom of the index among small states.
  • Bangla: It is the new name proposed for the state of West Bengal. West Bengal assembly has passed a resolution to rename the state as ‘Bangla’. Though the process for final approval will be long drawn requiring an amendment to the constitution, the move is aimed at climbing the alphabetical sequence of state names in which West Bengal appears last in the list now. The resolution said the state will be called Bangla in three languages – Bengali, English and Hindi.
  • TreadWill: It is a is a website designed to help people deal with stress, low mood, lethargy and other depressive symptoms through different online exercises, questionnaires and games. People suffering from depressive symptoms such as feeling low and lack of pleasure in usual activities may find the contents of the site helpful. The website was developed by Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur. It will help in overcoming depressive symptoms and becoming more resilient against stressful events in the future. The online tool has been developed by a team with collaborative support from the Computer Science and Engineering and HSS (Psychology) departments, and Dr Alok Bajpai, a psychiatrist, the professor said. It is based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) that helps people with depressive symptoms, Gupta said. The effectiveness of CBT is well established for many mental illnesses, including mood and anxiety disorders.
  • Student Police Cadet (SPC) programme : It is a new initiative launched by government of India, to SPC programme will provide a healthy interface between schools and police peace and inculcate in the students aspects of public safety, discipline, patience, tolerance, empathy, respect of senior citizens, social harmony, traffic sense and a corruption-free environment. The youth of tomorrow who emerge out of such programme would bear ethical values of social commitment and be aware of social evils such as drugs, alcohol abuse, intolerance and vandalism. The SPC project will also help the police assess their image in the public eye and strive for improving confidence and winning trust of the people. SPC initially will be launched as pilot programme in all States and Union Territories.
  • Negotiable Instruments Act: It is a new act, which seeks to penalize violation of negotiable instruments like Promissory notes, bills of exchange, and cheques. The Lok Sabha has passed Negotiable Instruments Act. The new bill seeks to amend the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881. The Act defines promissory notes, bills of exchange, and cheques. It also specifies penalties for bouncing of cheques, and other violations with respect to such negotiable instruments. The Bill inserts a provision allowing a court trying an offence related to cheque bouncing, to direct the drawer (person who writes the cheque) to pay interim compensation to the complainant. This interim compensation may be paid under certain circumstances, including where the drawer pleads not guilty of the accusation. The interim compensation will not exceed 20% of the cheque amount, and will have to be paid by the drawer within 60 days of the trial court’s order to pay such a compensation.
  • Deposit in case of appeal: The Bill inserts a provision specifying that if a drawer convicted in a cheque bouncing case files an appeal, the appellate court may direct him to deposit a minimum of 20% of the fine or compensation awarded by the trial court during conviction. This amount will be in addition to any interim compensation paid by the drawer during the earlier trial proceedings. In case the drawer is acquitted (during trial or by the appellate court), the court will direct the complainant to return the interim compensation (or deposit in case of an appeal case), along with an interest. This amount will be repaid within 60 days of the court’s order
  • Khelo India Talent Identification Development scheme: It is a scheme launched by the Sports Authority of India (SAI) for atheletes to get training at government-accredited residential academies. An annual stipend of Rs 1.2 lakh will be given to each player on a quarterly basis to meet their out of pocket expenses, treatment of injuries and other expenses. The athletes will be put up at various Khelo India accredited academies which will take care of the training, boarding and tournament expenses of the athletes. Sports authority of India has cleared 734 athletes for a scholarship programme.
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Account: It is saving scheme targeted at the parents of girl children. The scheme encourages parents to build a fund for the future education and marriage expenses for their female child. government has reduced the minimum annual deposit requirement for accounts under Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana to Rs. 250 from Rs. 1,000 earlier. The government has amended the Sukanya Samriddhi Account Rules, 2016 for the purpose.
  • QR code (quick response code): It is a type of 2D bar code that is used to provide easy access to information through a smartphone. The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has initiated the process of introducing QR code in their textbooks, a move aimed at helping students understand chapters better by watching a film or reading additional content on laptops and digital boards.
  • Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill: It is a new bill which seeks jail terms of three to seven years, besides fine, to those convicted of taking or giving bribes to public officials. The Bill also extends the ambit of public servants who will be protected by the provision of a prior government sanction for prosecution. There is also a provision now to get prior permission for starting an investigation and that has prompted many to say that the law has been “diluted” from its original draft.
  • National Council For Teacher Education Bill: It is bill seeks to grant retrospective recognition to Central/State institutions that are conducting teacher education courses without NCTE approval. This has been done as a one-time measure to ensure that the future of students studying in these institutions is not jeopardised. All institutions running teacher education courses, such as B.Ed and D.El.Ed have to obtain recognition from the NCTE under section 14 of the NCTE Act. Innovate India Platform: It is a common developed for presenting all the innovation happening across the nation. It was created by NITI Aayog & MyGov. It aims to create the much-needed innovations platform for registering both grassroots and deep-tech innovators at a national level. Those searching for a critical innovation can leverage the portal advantageously for the benefit of the economy as well as national social needs.
  • Fixed Drug Combination (FDC) : It means a combination of two or more drugs in a fixed dosage ratio. An expert panel of the health ministry has recommended that 343 of them should be “prohibited” According to a senior government official, the expert sub-committee has clearly stated in its report that “for most FDCs, their use would lead to unnecessary overuse and the patients would be exposed to the risk of multiple ingredients when one would suffice".
  • Shale oil: Shale oil is an unconventional oil produced from oil shale rock fragments by pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution. These processes convert the organic matter within the rock (kerogen) into synthetic oil and gas. The government has amended the Petroleum and Natural Gas Rules 1959 to include shale in the definition of petroleum, a change that would allow private companies to explore and produce the resource in the blocks they already operate. According to a government notification, "Petroleum means naturally occurring hydrocarbons, whether in the form of natural gas or in a liquid, viscous or solid form, or a mixture thereof, but does not include coal, lignite, and helium occurring in association with petroleum or coal or shale.

Sports Updates

  • 2020 Olympic mascots: Japanese organisers have formally introduced their doe-eyed 2020 Olympic mascots Miraitowa and Someity to the world. Miraitowa has a "strong sense of justice and is very athletic". It also possesses magical powers that enable it "to move anywhere instantaneously". Someity is said to be “usually calm" but "gets very powerful when needed.

Science and Technology

  • Fastest spinning object: Scientists have developed the fastest man-made rotor in the world. The significant development which they believe will help them study quantum mechanics. At more than 60 billion revolutions per minute, this machine is more than 100,000 times faster than a high-speed dental drill. According to Tongcang Li, an assistant professor at Purdue University , this study has many applications, including material science. We can study the extreme conditions different materials can survive in. The team synthesised a tiny dumbbell from silica and levitated it in high vacuum using a laser. The laser can work in a straight line or in a circle – when it is linear, the dumbbell vibrates, and when it is circular, the dumbbell spins. A spinning dumbbell functions as a rotor, and a vibrating dumbbell functions like an instrument for measuring tiny forces and torques, known as a torsion balance. These devices were used to discover things like the gravitational constant and density of Earth, but Li hopes that as they become more advanced, they will be able to study things like quantum mechanics and the properties of vacuum.


  • Goods and Services Tax (GST): It is an indirect tax (or consumption tax) levied in India on the supply of goods and services. The GST Council has cut tax rates on 88 items, including footwear, refrigerator, washing machine and small screen TV, while the widely demanded sanitary napkins have been exempted from the levy. The highest tax bracket of 28 per cent has been rationalised further with rates on daily-use items like perfumes, cosmetics, toiletries, hair dryers, shavers, mixer grinder, vacuum cleaners, lithium ion batteries, being lowered to 18 per cent. The revised tax rates will come into effect from July 27. Inter-creditor agreement: It is a framework under which consortium of lenders would take up NPA cases. The framework will authorise the lead bank to implement a resolution plan in 180 days and the leader would then prepare a resolution plan including empanelling turnaround specialists and other industry experts for operation turnaround of the assets within RBI's stipulated time-frame of 180 days.

Current Affairs July 15 to July 22

International Current News

  • UNSC:
    United Nation Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter. The UN Security Council has adopted a resolution to impose an arms embargo on South Sudan in addition to current sanctions ( till May 31, 2019). The resolution expresses deep concern at the failures of South Sudanese leaders to bring an end to the hostilities and condemns the continued and flagrant violations of peace agreements. two individuals to the blacklist for travel ban and asset freeze. They are Malek Reuben Riak Rengu, the former deputy chief of staff of South Sudan's army, and Paul Malong Awan, former chief of staff of South Sudan's army who rebelled last year.
  • Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration:
    It is a new draft proposed by United Nations for Global safety and better manages international migration. The draft addresses its challenges, strengthen migrant rights and contribute to sustainable development. This is for first time UN Member countries came together to negotiate agreement covering all dimensions of international migration. The compact is the first intergovernmental agreement to cover wide-ranging dimensions of international migration in holistic and comprehensive manner, agreed upon by all the UN member states minus the United States. It is not legally binding. It sets out 23 objectives to deal issues ranging from factors that compel people to move, legal channels for migration, combating trafficking and smuggling, harnessing the economic benefits of migration and return of the migrants. Currently, over 250 million migrants worldwide account for 3% of the world’s entire population, but contribute 10% of the global gross domestic production (GDP).
  • World Bank :
    It is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects. India for the first time became the world’s sixth-biggest economy, pushing France into seventh place, according to updated World Bank figures for 2017. India’s gross domestic product (GDP) amounted to $2.597 trillion at the end of last year, against $2.582 trillion for France. The economy rebounded strongly from July 2017, after several quarters of slowdown blamed on economic policies pursued by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government. India, with around 1.34 billion inhabitants, is poised to become the world’s most populous nation, whereas the French population stands at 67 million.

National Current News

  • State Banks Repeal and Amendment Bill 2017: It is new bill which seeks to repeal the State Bank of India (Subsidiary Banks) Act, 1959, the State Bank of Hyderabad Act, 1956 and further to amend the State Bank of India Act, 1955. Under it, the five associates banks that were merged are State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur, State Bank of Hyderabad, State Bank of Mysore, State Bank of Patiala and State Bank of Travancore. The merger of these banks have already been effective from 1st April, 2017. The main aim of the bill is merger of these banks and enhance the profitability of SBI and provide better customer service . The merger will bring about increased capital base and increased ability to give loans. He said the decision of merger have been taken after approval of board of directors of these five banks and RBI.
  • Special Remission to Prisoners: The Union Cabinet has given its approval to grant Special Remission to Prisoners as part of Commemoration of 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Women and Transgender convicts of 55 years of age and above, who have completed 50 per cent of their actual sentence period will be released under this special remission. Male convicts of 60 years of age and above, who have completed 50 per cent of their actual sentence period will also be released. Physically challenged/disabled convicts with 70 per cent disability and more who have completed 50 per cent of their actual sentence period, terminally ill convicts and convicted prisoners who have completed two-thirds of their actual sentence period will also get this remission. The prisoners will be released in three phases. In Phase-l, the prisoners will be released on 2nd October this year, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. In Phase-ll, prisoners will be released on 10th April on anniversary of Champaran Satyagrah and in Phase-Ill, prisoners will be released on 2nd October 2019.
  • Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2018: It is an initiative from Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The objective of SSG 2018 is to undertake a ranking of states and districts on the basis of their performance attained on key quantitative and qualitative SBM-G parameters. In the process, through a countrywide communication campaign, rural communities will be engaged in the improvement of the sanitation and cleanliness of their surrounding areas. An independent survey agency will conduct the survey in all districts from 1st to 31st August 2018, and the results will be announced in the form of a ranking of all districts and states on the basis of quantitative and qualitative sanitation (Swachhata) parameters. The top performing states and districts are expected to be awarded on 2nd October 2018.
  • The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR): It is national body which emphasizes the principle of universality and inviolability of child rights and recognizes the tone of urgency in all the child related policies of the country. For the Commission, protection of all children in the 0 to 18 years age group is of equal importance. National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has drafted new fee regulations for uniform fee framework. It proposes 10% yearly cap on the fee hike permissible by private, unaided schools. It suggests setting up district fee regulatory authority in states to monitor school fee increases. It suggests formula for determining fees, based on school’s location, costs incurred, revenue earned, student strength and other parameters. It proposes fines on schools if they violates uniform fee framework. These schools will be fined 1% of revenue it generates for first instance of violation of these rules and it will increase to 2 % and 5% for second and third violation.
  • Net neutrality: It is the principle that Internet service providers treat all data on the Internet equally, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication. The Telecom Commission (TC), the highest decision-making body in the Department of Telecom approved the recommendation made eight months ago by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on the subject. Besides, a separate committee has been set up under the Department of Telecom (DoT) to examine what these critical services will be. These may include autonomous vehicles, digital healthcare services or disaster management.
  • Taj Mahal : It is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Aiming to sort out the pollution and its effects on Taj Mahal, the government has announced the formation of a committee. The decision was taken after a high level Inter ministerial meeting was today held in New Delhi today to deliberate on various issues and actions to be taken on war footing to conserve The Taj Mahal. The Minister for Road Transport & Highways, Shipping & Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Nitin Gadkari announced that the formation of a committee under the Chairpersonship of Secretary, M/o Environment, Forest and Climate Change, C. K. Mishra including experts from NEERI, IITs and experts from various organizations to look into the issue of industrial pollution. The committee will study on case to case basis and take a tough stand on hazardous industries in the vicinity of the Taj Mahal.
  • Assam Witch Hunting (Prohibition, Prevention and Protection) Bill, 2015: It is a bill which aims to eliminating the superstition from the society, imposes a punishment of up to seven years and a fine of up to Rs. 5 lakh. As the President of India has approved the bill, it would turn into an Act, which would be imposed, along with Section 302 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), if someone is killed after being branded as witch. The punishment for leading a person to commit suicide after intimidating, stigmatising, defaming a person may be extended to life imprisonment, along with Rs. 5 lakh fine. The Act also talks about various measures that the administration and police should initiate, along with NGOs and civil society, to educate people about witch-hunting. It also entails that the fine realised as punishment for an offence shall be paid to the victim or his/her next of kin as compensation. National Database of Arms Licenses system: It is a new system proposed by Union Ministry of Home Affairs. It will include names of all arms licence holders, new or old and they will be issued a unique identification number (UIN). The move is aimed at keeping tab on authorised private gun holders, many of whom are often found involved in crimes and celebratory firing leading to loss of lives. It will also eliminate possibilities of issuing arms licence to persons whose antecedents are not bona fide.
  • Central Motor Vehicles Act , 1988: It is a parliament act which regulates all aspects of road transport vehicles. The Act provides in detail the legislative provisions regarding licensing of drivers/conductors, registration of motor vehicles, control of motor vehicles through permits, special provisions relating to state transport undertakings, traffic regulation, insurance, liability, offences and penalties, etc .The Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways on July 17, 2018 notified draft amendments to the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989. There are several amendments including making FASTags and Vehicle Tracking System device mandatory for all commercial vehicles obtaining national permit.
  • Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill:is a bill which seeks to amend the Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property Act, 1952 and was adopted by a voice vote in Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the parliament. It seeks to amend the regulations governing the compensation payable for acquisition of immovable property by the Centre for defence and security purposes. It seeks to amend a provision to allow the Centre to re-issue the notice of acquisition to ensure that the property owner gets an opportunity to be heard. The bill will help bring justice to those whose land was taken without proper notice. This is the 12th amendment that is being introduced to the bill. The bill has been amended 11 times before. The amendment has been introduced solely for defence and national security purpose.

Sports Updates

  • France wins 2018 FIFA World Cup Final
    France won the 2018 FIFA World Cup Final by beating Croatia 4-2. France which entered the tournament as a favorite, was backed top players such as Kylian Mbappe and Antoine Griezmann. The win has caused celebrations to erupt all over France, with jubilant fans waving French fans and cheering. Croatia's Luka Modric was awarded the Golden Ball for the tournament, given to the competition's best player. The Golden Boot, awarded to the leading scorer, went to England's Harry Kane. Belgium's Thibaut Courtois won the Golden Glove, given to the best goalkeeper, and Mbappe received the Young Player Award. Spain's disciplinary record was honored with the tournament's Fair Play Trophy.

Science and Technology

  • Local Electrode Atom Probe (LEAP) : It is a high-performance microscope that can provide a precise atom by atom view of a material. The Indian Institute of Technology-Madras has launched a Rs 40 crore remotely operable microscope, Local Electrode Atom Probe (LEAP). . This is the first time eight top research institutions in the country have collaborated to establish such a platform at a cost of nearly Rs. 40 crore, spearheaded by IIT Madras. Special terminals to access the device have been set up in all the eight partner institutions. IITs of Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Ropar along with International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI) are the partner institutions who contributed Rs. 2 crore each for the project.
  • Low orbit satellite: It is a satellite systems used in telecommunication, which orbit between 400 and 1,000 miles above the earth's surface. They are used mainly for data communication such as email, video conferencing and paging. They move at extremely high speeds and are not fixed in space in relation to the earth. In an effort to offer worldwide communication services, China plans to launch 300 low-orbit satellites, the first in the series to be launched later this year. The first in the 300-satellite array -- known as the Hongyan constellation -- is set to be launched by the end of this year. The announcement was made at the Hunan Commercial Aviation Space and Marine Equipment Forum held in Changsha, Central China's Hunan Province.

Current Affairs July 08 to July 15

International Current News

  • United Nations Peacekeeping : It is a role held by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations as "a unique and dynamic instrument developed by the organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict to create the conditions for lasting peace. The United Nations member states have approved a USD 6.69 billion dollar budget for 13 peacekeeping operations for the year 2018-19. Notably, the United States continues to remain the biggest contributor to the United Nations, paying 22 percent of the USD 5.4 billion core budget and 28.5 percent of the USD 7.9 billion peacekeeping budget. However, China is the other top contributor with 10.3 percent and Japan with 9.7 percent.
  • Remote Sensing Satellite : It is a satellite, which acquires information about the earth's surface (land and ocean) and atmosphere using sensors onboard airborne (aircraft, balloons) or spaceborne (satellites, space shuttles) platforms. China has successfully launched two remote sensing satellites for Pakistan, marking the first international commercial launch for the Long March-2C rocket in about 19 years. The satellites -- PRSS-1 and PakTES-1A --- were launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in northwest China at 11:56 am.
  • Rwanda: It is a landlocked East African country with a green, mountainous landscape. Its renowned Volcanoes National Park is home to mountain gorillas and golden monkeys. The Rajya Sabha signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with its counterpart in a foreign country, Rwanda, for promoting inter-parliamentary dialogue. The MoU, with six articles of cooperation, seeks to promote inter-parliamentary dialogue, capacity building of the parliamentary staff, organisation of conferences, forums, seminars, staff-attachment programmes, workshops and exchanges. The two sides also agreed to collaborate in regional and international multilateral parliamentary bodies in furtherance of the relations between the two countries. Naidu and Makuza discussed issues of bilateral interest and opportunities for cooperation for mutual benefit. Naidu complimented the people and Parliament of Rwanda for having 60 per cent women legislators.
  • South Korea: South Korea is an East Asian nation on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula, shares one of the world’s most heavily militarized borders with North Korea. India and South Korea have signed five MoUs in the field of Science & Technology. Union Minister for Science & Technology, Dr Harsh Vardhan and his South Korean counterpart, You Young Min signed three MoUs for Programme of Cooperation 2018-21, Establishment of Future Strategy Group, Cooperation in Biotechnology and Bio economy. The MoU on Establishment of Future Strategy Group was signed by Indian Science & Technology and Commerce Ministers, while on the Korean side, it was signed by Science and ICT and Trade Ministers.
  • European Bank of Reconstruction: It is an international financial institution founded in 1991. As a multilateral developmental investment bank, the EBRD uses investment as a tool to build market economies. India has inducted as the 69th shareholder in European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

National Current News

  • Bridge Management System: It is a web-enabled IT application developed and launched by Indian Railways to store data on its 1.5 lakh bridges. The web-based platform will show the bridge master data, works data, information regarding inspection/monitoring and maintenance of the bridges and other essentials.
  • Jews: Jews or Jewish people are an ethno-religious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East. The Government of Gujarat has granted minority status to followers of Judaism in the state, thus becoming the third state in India to do so. The notification was issued by the state’s Department of Social Justice and Empowerment. The community had earlier made a representation for minority status. Gujarat has a very small Jewish community with approximately 170 members, mostly located in Ahmedabad. The city is home to the only synagogue in the state, the Magen Abraham Synagogue that was built in 1934.
  • Global Housing Construction Technology Challenge: It is an initiative launched by Ministry of Housing identifies best technologies which are suitable for mass housing. Through this challenge, all entrepreneurs, technology providers, institutions, academia and other stakeholders across the globe are proposed to be invited to contribute to the future of India's Housing Development. The Ministry also proposes to conduct Region/ State wide demonstration of technologies to explore and identify appropriate technologies as a way forward.
  • Sambalpur railway division: It is one of the three railway divisions under East Coast Railway zone of Indian Railway. It has become first division in India, to eliminate all unmanned railway crossing gates.
  • Civil Aviation Research Organisation (CARO): It is new research developed by Ministry of civil aviation. It focuses on pursuing inter-disciplinary solutions to improve the civil aviation sector. The Government is keen to further accelerate the growth of the aviation sector, which has immense potential and make it accessible to the common man. This would require creation of fresh capacity and infrastructure to keep pace with the growing demand. Safety, convenience of passengers is a prime concern while keeping pace with the growth. The new research centre is expected to play a role in developing solutions and addressing problems airports currently face,
  • Institutions of Eminence (IoE): It is a status accorded by UGC to setup world-class teaching and research institutions. The regulatory architecture was provided in the form of UGC (Declaration of Government Institutions as Institutions of Eminence). Under this scheme, 114 applications (74 from public sector and 40 from private sector) were received in the Ministry for selection of IoEs. The government granted institution of eminence status to IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay and IISc Bangalore in the public sector while Manipal Academy of Higher Education, BITS Pillani and Jio Institute by Reliance Foundation were granted institution of eminence tag in the private sector.
  • Dwarf Containers: It is a small size container whichs 6 ft 4 inches in height and can run on electrified tracks. Despite being smaller in size, the dwarf containers can hold a capacity of 30,500 kgs. In comparison with regular containers, these containers are 662 mm short but 162 mm wider. The dwarf containers can hold a volume of approximately 67% more when compared to traditional containers. Presently, due to its height, the regular double stack ISO containers can run only on few chosen routes on Indian Railways but these short-heighted Double Containers can run on most tracks very easily. These containers in double stack formation can run under 25kV overhead lines.
  • Indian Railways has launched first double dwarf containers. The first freight train was flagged off on 7th July, 2018 from Western Railway’s Rajkot railway station on its maiden commercial run. This train was booked from the Reliance Rail Siding at Kanalus to Rewari in the state of Haryana; it was loaded with 82 containers Polypropylene Granules. Due to this Double Stacked Dwarf Container service, Indian Railways has received increased revenue of Rs. 18.50 lakhs.
  • Eat Right Movement: It is a new strategy launched by FSSAI to promote production of healthier FMCG food products in the industry. This is an attempt to getting the food industry on board for implementation of draft food labelling regulation in attempt to protect and promote public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety. 15 packaged food companies, 10-15 retail companies, 10 quick service restaurants, 8 to 10 edible oil companies will make voluntary commitments and be part of FSSAI’s movement launch Mandated to consolidate statute related to food safety and regulation in India, FSSAI has a moved a step further to advocate for low sugar and salt consumption.
  • Jal Bachao, Video Banao, Puruskar Pao : It is a video contest launched by Ministry of water resources through MyGov yesterday, will continue till 4th of November 2018. Three winners will be selected every fortnight in the contest. Any Indian citizen can upload their video entries on YouTube and enter the publicly accessible link on the Video link section of MyGov contest page The participants will be judged on the basis of elements of creativity, originality, composition, technical excellence, artistic merit, quality of video, content and visual impact. The amount for the first prize will be 25 thousand rupees, for second 15 thousand and for the third it will be ten thousand.
  • Genetically modified crops: These are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering methods. In most cases, the aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in the species. India has the world’s fifth largest cultivated area under genetically modified (GM) crops, at 11.4 million hectares (mh) in 2017. The country with the highest area under transgenic crops, at 75 mh, is the United States. According to the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications (ISAAA), the 75 mh GM acreage comprised 34.05 mh soyabean, 33.84 mh maize (corn), 4.58 mh cotton, 1.22 mh alfalfa, 0.876 mh canola, 0.458 mh sugar-beet, 3,000 hectares potato and around 1,000 hectares each of apples, squash and papaya.

Science and Technology

  • 3D colour x ray – It is a noninvasive medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions. Imaging with x-rays involves exposing a part of the body to a small dose of ionizing radiation to produce pictures of the inside of the body. A team of scientists have performed the first ever 3D colour X-ray on humans, with the support of CERN physics lab. Medical experts have suggested that the newly developed technique will help improve the medical field diagnosis. CERN's physics lab helped with the imaging technology while Universities of Otago and Canterbury helped with developing the X-ray. According to a report, the new device is based on the traditional black-and-white X-ray technology, which incorporates CERN's particle-tracking technology. The new colour X-ray imaging technique is able to produce clearer and more accurate images which would help doctors in getting a more accurate diagnosis to the patients. The technology "dubbed Medipix", works like a camera. While its shutter is open, it detects and counts individual sub-atomic particles as and when they collide with pixels. This, in turn, allows getting high-resolution and high-contrast pictures. According to reports, the difference between the bone, muscle and cartilage are very clearly seen in the images.


  • Global Innovation Index (GII) : It is a leading benchmarking tool for business executives, policymakers and others seeking insight into the state of innovation around the world. The ranking is constantly being used to evaluate progress on a continual basis. India was ranked 57th in the latest Global Innovation Index (GII) rankings released in New York. India was ranked 60th in the year 2017 which shows that it has been constantly climbing up its GII rankings since 2015. According to reports, India has maintained its top place in the central and South Asia region and has consistently moved up the global ranking from 81st in 2015 to 57th in the year 2018. The country has climbed for the third year in a row, as it was ranked 66th in the year 2016. On the global front, Switzerland maintained its number one position in the Global Innovation Index rankings. Other countries that fell in the top 10 list were Netherlands, Sweden, the UK, the US, Finland, Denmark, and Germany. China, scored the rank 17th rank this year, which is an upgrade from the previous 44th rank in 2017.

Current Affairs July 01 to July 08

National Current News

  • Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya: Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore, who ascended the throne of the erstwhile Tripura Princely State in 1923, was an enlightened and benevolent ruler. Agartala Airport was constructed in 1942 on the land donated by Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore. As a visionary ruler, who had travelled extensively across the globe, he took several steps for the all-round development of Tripura. Due to his initiative, an aerodrome at Agartalawas constructed that has evolved as the second busiest airport in the North East and provides crucial air connectivity to Tripura. The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, has approved to rename the Agartala Airport in Tripura as ‘Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore Airport, Agartala. The decision comes in the wake of the long pending demand of people of Tripura as well as the Tripura Government for paying tribute to Maharaja Bir Bikram Manikya Kishore.
  • World Heritage Site: It is an area or landmark which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties. Mumbai’s rich cluster of Victorian and Art Deco buildings in the Fort precinct and Marine Drive has been declared a Unesco World Heritage Site.
  • NITI Aayog: The NITI Aayog (Hindi for Policy Commission), also National Institution for Transforming India, is a policy think tank of the Government of India, established with the aim to achieve Sustainable Development Goals and to enhance cooperative federalism by fostering the involvement of State Governments of India in the economic policy-making process using a bottom-up approach. The NITI Aayog has launched the first Delta ranking (incremental progress) for the Aspirational Districts. Based on self-reported data of districts between March 31, 2018 to May 31, 2018, across five developmental areas of Health and Nutrition, Education, Agriculture and Water Resources, Financial Inclusion and Skill Development, and Basic Infrastructure Aspirational Districts were ranked.
  • Madhya Pradesh: Madhya Pradesh is the largest state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Jabalpur, Gwalior, and Ujjain being the other major cities. Madhya Pradesh has been registered an unprecedented 48-digit decline in maternal deaths as per the report of the Registrar General of India from 2014 to 2016. The maternal mortality rate was 221 in the year 2011-13, which has now dropped down further to just 173. There has been a significant decline of 22% in the last three years in the state. For this feat, the state has been chosen to be awarded.
  • Uttarakhand: Uttarakhand, a state in northern India crossed by the Himalayas, is known for its Hindu pilgrimage sites. In a unique ruling, the Uttarakhand High Court accorded the status of “legal person or entity” to animals in the State. Delivering a judgement , the top court of the state said “they have a distinct persona with corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.” A Division Bench of Justices Rajiv Sharma and Lokpal Singh bestowed the unique status on animal kingdom while issuing a series of directions to prevent cruelty against animals. “ protect and promote greater welfare of animals including avian and aquatic, animals are required to be conferred with the status of legal entity/ legal person,” the Bench said.
  • Numaligarh Refinery Limited : It is refinery located at Morangi, Golaghat district, Assam in India. It is a joint venture between Bharat Petroleum, Oil India and Govt of Assam. It has become the has become the first oil public sector undertaking (PSU) to adopt an online legal compliance system by introducing ‘Legatrix’. ‘Legatrix’ is a onestop solution for effectively managing the organisations legal and regulatory compliances through monitoring control at different levels.
  • cVigil app: It is a mobile app developed by Election Commission of India (ECI) to collect malpractices by political parties, when the Model Code of Conduct is in place in the run-up to polls. The mobile application also facilitates sharing of geo-tagged photographic and video evidence without disclosing the sender’s identity. The uploaded information will be transmitted to the control room from where the field units or flying squads mapped on a Geographic Information System will be immediately alerted for further action. In case the complainant does not opt for anonymity, the person will also get an action-taken report within about 100 minutes. The application, whose Beta version has now been released, will be made available for use during the coming four State Assembly elections later this year.
  • NITI Aayog : It is a policy think tank of the Government of India, established with the aim to achieve Sustainable Development Goals and to enhance cooperative federalism by fostering the involvement of State Governments of India. NITI Aayog is planning to organise India’s First Global Mobility Summit. The event which be inaugurated by the Prime Minister will feature global political leaders & CXOs from the Mobility Space. NITI Aayog, in collaboration with various ministries and industry partners. the event will be organized in New Delhi on 7th and 8th September, 2018. This Summit will help drive Government’s goals for vehicle electrification, renewable energy integration and job growth and also speed up India’s transition to a clean energy economy. Being the first Global Mobility Summit of its kind, with over 1,200 expected participants from across the world including Government leadership, Industry leaders, Research Organizations, Academia ,Think Tanks and Civil Society Organisations.
  • Khadi and Village Industries Commission: It is an apex organisation under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, with regard to khadi and village industries within India, which seeks to - plan, promote, facilitate, organise and assist in the establishment and development of khadi and village industries in the rural areas in coordination with other agencies engaged in rural development wherever necessary.The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has launched its, in-house developed, single-umbrella e-marketing system named Khadi Institution Management and Information System (KIMIS) in New Delhi. The system can be accessed from anywhere in the country for the sale and purchase of Khadi and Village Industries products.
  • DNA Technology Regulation Bill 2018: It is a new bill seeks for expanding the application of DNA-based forensic technologies to support and strengthen the justice delivery system of the country. Bill seeks to ensure that with the proposed expanded use of this technology in the country, there is also the assurance that the DNA test results are reliable and the data remain protected from misuse or abuse in terms of the privacy rights of our citizens. Besides, speedier justice delivery and Increased conviction rate. Bill's provisions will enable the cross-matching between persons who have been reported missing on the one hand and unidentified dead bodies found in various parts of the country on the other, and also for establishing the identity of victims in mass disasters.
  • Khan Prahari app: It is a mobile app which acts as a tool for reporting any activity taking place related to illegal coal mining like rat hole mining, pilferage etc. One can upload geo-tagged photographs of the incident along with textual information directly to the system. Hence, both satellite data and human information will be used to capture information on the unauthorised mining activities. Once reported, the information will be automatically directed to the nodal officers to take suitable action on those activities. The complainant can also track his complaint through the system. The identity of the complainant shall not be revealed. This app can easily be downloaded in Android and IOS.
  • Law commission of India: Law Commission of India is an executive body established by an order of the Government of India. Its major function is to work for legal reform. Its membership primarily comprises legal experts, who are entrusted a mandate by the Government. The Law Commission has recommended that gambling and betting on sports, including cricket, be allowed as regulated activities taxable under the direct and indirect tax regimes and used as a source for attracting foreign direct investment (FDI).
  • Hindi: Hindi is India’s most spoken language. It is one of two languages used by the Union government (the other being English). Hindi is found mainly in North India and Central India, although there are significant urban pockets of Hindi speakers in most states of the Union. A report released from language Census (2011) mentions that, nearly 44 per cent of India speaks Hindi. Between 2001 and 2011, Hindi grew at a rate of 25 per cent to add close to 100 million new speakers. Among the 10 largest languages in the country, Hindi is the only one that saw the proportion of its speakers rise.


  • Battle firing range: It is a specialized facility designed for firearms practice. Baffle firing ranges are covered shooting practice areas which prevent possible accidents due to stray bullet injuries. Ministry of Defence has given a go ahead sanction for construction of 17 new baffle firing ranges in at an approximate cost of Rs 238 crores. This will add seven ranges to the Southern Command, Three to the Eastern Command, Two to the Northern Command, one each to the South Western and Central Commands. The one at Central Command is proposed for the Officers Training Academy, Gaya. These 17 will be in addition to the 60 similar firing ranges existing all over the country. The proposed baffle shooting ranges can facilitate firing from 300 to 500 meters.

Sports Updates

  • Cricket Hall of Fame: It is a recognition given to the achievements of the legends of the game from cricket history by ICC. Former India captain Rahul Dravid and Australian legend Ricky Ponting have been inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame for their stupendous achievements in international cricket.Along with Dravid and Ponting, retired England woman wicketkeeper-batter Claire Taylor was also named in the ‘Hall of Fame’ during a ceremony in Dublin. Dravid became only the fifth player from India to be named in the elite list. The other four Indians are former skippers Bishan Singh Bedi, Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev and Anil Kumble. Ponting is the 25th from Australia to receive the honour.


  • ePAN : It is new facility offered only for resident individuals and not for Hindu Undivided Family, firms, trusts and companies. Once the PAN is allotted to an applicant through his electronic Aadhaar-based verification system in a few seconds, the applicant will be sent the PAN card by post. The new PAN will have the same name, date of birth, gender, mobile number and address as in the Aadhaar.

Science and Technology

  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO): It is the space agency of the Government of India. Its vision is to harness space technology for national development while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration. ISRO has a test of the Crew Escape System that provides an escape mechanism for astronauts if the launch operation is aborted. Test was the first in a series of tests to ascertain the trustworthiness and efficiency of the Crew Escape System. The system is an emergency measure designed to quickly pull away the crew module along with the astronauts to a safe distance from the launch vehicle if the mission gets aborted. The first 'Pad Abort Test' demonstrated the safe recovery of the crew module in case of any exigency at the launch pad.

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