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Current Affairs 2019

The value of Current Affairs in Civil Service Examinations is enormous. This is the most critical part of both Prelims and Mains Exam. Aspirants should study in depth to understand the significance of current affairs for the Union Public Service Commission. In fact, all the questions in Civil Service Exams are framed around current affairs. Questions are not asked directly for current news and information in the exam. Questions are framed by combining current affairs with practical knowledge. The primary motive behind this type of strategy is to check the ability of correlation a candidate can make to the fact.

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Why current affairs is more important in Civil Service Exam?

Success in Prelims and Mains Exam is directly related to an aspirant’s awareness in current affairs. Preparation of current affairs for UPSC is the key to unlock the exam. It requires practice and revision in a well-connected manner... In such a scenario the preparation of current affairs topics related to India and the world is an important part of your preparations. The students have to be aware of the happening in India and around the world as this portion is an integral part of the general studies paper.

In order to make you ready for the challenges of the Current Affairs preparation, we are covering the current affairs topics on a regular basis. Our current topics are categorised in such a way that it includes; political affairs, current news, science news, general knowledge, government's scheme and policies and international affairs.

We provide you comprehensive topics of preparation that covers not only India's current scenario but also international events. We also cover Indian news headlines and other important international events under the current affairs segment.

For the very purpose of getting you ready for the challenge that is current news and views in India, we are covering the current affairs 2019 on a regular basis. Our hot topics are categorised such that they include political affairs, current news, science news, general knowledge, current government affairs and international affairs. Only studying India's current scenario or political affairs is not sufficient as you have to cover international events and affairs along with the Indian news space, as well as important and current events in the field of science and sports.



Current affairs books and magazine

Current Affairs September 08 to September 14

Indian polity Current News

  • Article 371: It is a law providing special status to six North East states. The 68th Plenary session of the North Eastern Council (NEC) was held in Guwahati on September 8 and 9. At a meeting with governors and chief ministers of the eight northeastern states as part of the North Eastern Council in Guwahati, Union Home Minister Amit Shah on Sunday upheld the fact that the region was pivotal to India's growth story and that the Centre would not tamper with Article 371, dispelling fears that the special status of the north-eastern states would be scrapped, following the abrogation of Article 370 in Kashmir, last month. Shah also reviewed the situation in the state in the wake of the publication of the final National Register of Citizens (NRC).
  • NEC: North Eastern Council(NEC) was constituted as a statutory advisory body under the NEC Act,1971. The eight States of Northeast India are members of the council with their respective Chief Ministers and Governors representing them. The council functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. Union Home Minister is ex-officio Chairman of the Council and the Vice Chairman is the Minister of State (Independent Charge),Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region(DoNER). The Council was initially set up as an advisory body but now sanctioned as a Regional planning body since 2002.The council while formulating a regional plan for North Eastern states shall give priority to the schemes and projects benefiting two or more states provided that in the case of Sikkim, the Council shall formulate specific projects and schemes for that State.
  • The two Union Territories:Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh will have a common high court, Jammu and Kashmir High Court. The information was shared by the State Judicial Academy's Director Rajeev Gupta on September 8, 2019. He said that 108 Central Laws would be applicable for the Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. He also said that 164 state laws would be repealed and 166 state laws will continue to be applicable. Under the centre’s announcement after revoking of Article 370, the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir will have a legislative Assembly, while the Union Territory of Ladakh will come under the direct control of the Union Government. Some laws will change, the existing law procedure for practice in the high court will remain the same.
  • The two Union Territories:Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh will have a common high court, Jammu and Kashmir High Court. The information was shared by the State Judicial Academy's Director Rajeev Gupta on September 8, 2019. He said that 108 Central Laws would be applicable for the Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. He also said that 164 state laws would be repealed and 166 state laws will continue to be applicable.

Indian policy Current News

  • Project Gaushala : Cows are considered as very holy in India. She is Gau Mata' and is a sign of faith and pride. So for the conservation of cows the 'Project Gaushala' is started by the Government where it offers cows for adoption online. Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh has become the latest state to allow people to adopt cows. Kamal Nath government in MP has proposed various options for people wanting to adopt cows. This includes adopting a cow for a minimum of 15 days to the animal’s lifetime. Those willing to adopt a cow for a lifetime will have to pay Rs 3 lakh, for a year will have to pay Rs 21,000, for a month will have to pay Rs 2,100 and those willing to adopt for 15 days will have to pay Rs 1,100. They will be able to choose the one nearest to their home and can check on progress. Even NRI's can adopt a cow. This step was taken by the Government as there are nearly 7 lakh abandoned cattle in MP alone where 13 lakh are left on streets by rearers during the day and it is the same case in other states also, therefore Gaushalas manages to house atleast 75% of stray cattle. In June the government had also stated that any person or organisations wanting to open gaushalas will be given the right to use government land.
  • 13 September 2019 Current Affairs:Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Laghu Vyaparik Mandhan Yojana and Swarojgar pension schemes in Jharkhand during his visit. During his visit, he also laid the foundation for the new building of Jharkhand Secretariat. To avail this scheme the beneficiaries must be between 18 and 40 years. All shopkeepers, self-employed persons, and retail traders whose GST turnover is below Rs.1.5 crore will be eligible. The eligible beneficiary will get Rs.3,000 per month after completing 60 years of age. In the Union Budget 2019-20, the Central Government has allocated Rs.750 crore for the scheme. Centre also has chosen Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India as a pension fund manager. LIC will be responsible for managing the pension fund, Central record keeping agency and responsible for pension payout.
  • Mukhya Mantri Dal Poshit Yojana:With an objective to provide low-priced pulses, the Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat launched a scheme ‘Mukhyamantri Dal Poshit Yojana’ at his residence on Thursday. Under the scheme, two kilogrammes of pulses per month would be made available to 23.32 lakh ration card holders. On the day, the CM distributed packets of pulses to selected beneficiaries. Under the scheme State government will offer a subsidy of Rs.15 per kilogram on variety of pulses identified, including chana, malka and masur which will fulfil the protein requirement of the people. Each eligible beneficiary and ration card holders in state will get 2 kgs of pulses at subsidised rates every month. 23.32 lakh ration card holders will benifit from this scheme. The scheme will help achieving Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision of a healthy India.

Environment & Climate Current News

  • Typhoon Faxai : A powerful typhoon landed near Tokyo early Monday morning, killing at least three people and injuring about 40 as well as affecting hundreds of thousands of rush-hour commuters in the metropolitan area at the start of the week. The weather agency had warned that central and eastern Japan, including Tokyo, could see record winds, forcing airlines to cancel flights and some major roads to be closed. Authorities issued voluntary evacuation warnings to more than 390,000 people, as forecasters cautioned the rain and wind could reach “record” proportions. It had an atmospheric pressure of 975 hectopascals at its center and was packing winds of up to 180 kph, according to the Meteorological Agency.
  • DPIIT: It is The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade. DPIIT has requested state governments to work towards collection of plastic waste from industrial estates, parks, corridors, nodes and industrial areas for the ‘Swachhta hi Sewa 2019’ campaign beginning from September 11. DPIIT will ensure recycling of plastic waste collected on October 2 in cement kilns and also collect plastic waste through nationwide ‘shramdaan’. On the occassion of the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, DPIIT personnel will undertake manual labour and ensure the collection of plastic waste in and around industrial areas all across the country. Under the Plastic Waste Management (PWM) campaign the DPIIT has also requested state governments to sensitize Industrial Parks by focusing on Plastic Waste Management on a sustained and continuous basis. State and UTs Governments will monitor the campaign through their nodal teams to be set up by them.
  • UNCCD COP-14: On Monday 9 September 2019, Prime Minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi inaugurated the High Level Segment (HLS) of UNCCD COP14 in the presence of heads of the UN and other international organizations, leaders of states and ministers from many countries to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) today, at Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh. As many as 196 countries, 70 environment ministers and over 8,000 delegates from across globe are participating in 12-day conference from September 2 to September 13. Speaking at the 14th session of the Conference of Parties (COP) to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), Prime Minister Modi said between 2015 and 2017, India’s tree and forest cover increased by 0.8 million hectares. He announced that India would raise its target for restoring degraded land from 21 million hectares to 26 million hectares by 2030. Modi also said India would be happy to propose initiatives for greater South-South cooperation in addressing issues of climate change, biodiversity and land degradation. The prime minister also called upon the leadership of UNCCD to conceive global water action agenda which is central to Land Degradation Neutrality strategy. Degraded lands also addresses the problems of water scarcity. Augmenting water supply, enhancing water recharge, slowing down water run-off and retaining moisture in the soil are all parts of a holistic land and water strategy. India would be happy to help other friendly countries develop land restoration strategies through cost effective satellite technology.
  • (MoEFCC): It is the Union Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) which undertakes projects that focuses on steps required to save animals from extinction and ensure a healthy environment endangered species. Elephant project, Rhino project, Tiger project and other variants of this kind are in action to protect and preserve animal lives.There are 771 protected areas whose land composition cannot be changed, which is boosting animal population. Three Animal Species in India Extinct Due To Desertification: According to some researchers three animal species namely Indian Cheetah, pink-headed duck and Great Indian Bustard have become extinct due to desertification in India. The study by researchers was put forth at 14th meeting of Conference of Parties to United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD COP 14).
  • UNCCD COP14: The 14th Conference of Parties (COP14) to United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) which is currently underway at India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida dedicated day 10 to the theme of Drought. The UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) on Wednesday aunched a 'drought toolbox' - a kind of knowledge bank that may be used by vulnerable countries, including India to reduce drought risk and be prepared and be able to effectively respond to it. The draught toolbox ia a web page that provides the stakeholders easy access to case studies and other resources to support action on drought preparedness with the aim of boosting the resilience of people and ecosystes to drought.

National Current News

  • PM-KMY:It is Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maandhan Yojana which will provide monthly pension to farmers. Under this scheme, the farmers involved will get a monthly pension of Rs 3,000 for completing 60 years of age. In case of death of the farmer, his wife will get a monthly pension of Rs 1,500. Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar inaugurated the scheme after which the PM-KMY registration process has started across the country. He said that this scheme will be implemented in the entire country including Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. This scheme was launched as because despite working hard, the farmer does not earn enough. Therefore it was important to ensure social security. The Government have taken several measures to ensure better income and PM-KMY is another effort in this direction.
  • NADCP:It is The National Animal Disease Control Programme which aims to provide vaccination to over 500 million livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against foot and mouth disease and brucellosis disease among the livestock by 2030. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be launching the National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) on September 11, 2019 in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh to eradicate the Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis in the livestock. The move is aimed at empowering farmers and doubling their income, as promised under the Union Budget. The National Animal Disease Control Programme also aims to provide vaccination to about 36 million female bovine calves annually in its fight against the Brucellosis disease. The two main objectives of this programme is to controll the diseases by 2025 and to eradicate the diseases by 2030. The programme will be receiving 100 percent funding from the Union Government. The government has earmarked funds worth Rs 12,652 Crores for the programme, for five years till 2024.
  • Bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir:A three-member panel headed by former defence secretary Sanjay Mitra and its members include retired IAS officer Arun Goyal and retired Indian Civil Accounts Service officer Giriraj Prasad has been formed by the Union Government to oversee the implementation of bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories. The function of the Advisory panel is to oversee the distribution of assets and liabilities between the Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The Union Territory status will come into effect from October 31. The advisory committee will start functioning with immediate effect. The committee will initially have a term of six months and it will get extended further if needed. A notification from the Union Home Ministry, “the Central government has constituted the advisory committee by exercising the powers conferred by Section 84 and Section 85 of the J&K Reorganisation Act, 2019.” The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill 2019 was passed by the Indian Parliament in August 2019. The bill proposed bifurcation of the state into two Union Territories – Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The centre also revoked the special status of Jammu and Kashmir by withdrawing Article 370 of the Indian constitution. Though Jammu and Kashmir will have its legislative assembly, Ladakh will be directly governed by the centre.

    Section 84 : The Section 84 of the J&K Reorganisation Act, 2019 states that assets and liabilities of Jammu and Kashmir will have to be distributed among the two Union Territories.

    Section 85 : The Section 85 of the J&K Reorganisation Act, 2019 states that the centre has the power to constitute committees to oversee the matters of apportionment of assets, rights and liabilities of the companies and corporations of the newly created Union Territories.

  • UNHRC:In a high-wattage clash at UNHRC or the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, India, in its right to reply said Jammu and Kashmir is and will be an integral part of India and slammed Pakistan for interfering in the matter. India sharply hit back at Pakistan by saying that it forgets that "terrorism is the worst kind human rights violation".Jammu and Kashmir was India's internal affair and it would want no inteference. Vimarsh Aryan, First Secretary, MEA also said that Article 370 was a temporary provision of the Indian Constitution and its recent modification is "within our sovereign right and entirely an internal matter of India."
  • September-13:Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium in Delhi was renamed as Arun Jaitley Cricket Stadium in the memory of former DDCA President on September 12, 2019. The DDCA (Delhi and District Cricket Association) had decided to honour Arun Jaitley on August 27, 2019. The veteran politician breathed his last on August 24 after a prolonged illness. The renaming ceremony was held at the Jawahar Lal Nehru Stadium. The inauguration of the Arun Jaitley cricket stadium was done digitally by Home Minister Amit Shah in the presence of the late Union Finance Minister's family. Arun Jaitley had earlier served as the President of the Delhi District Cricket Association (DDCA) as well as the vice-president of the Board of Control for Cricket in India.
  • Hindi Divas 2019:It is celebrated on the 14th of September every year. On Hindi Diwas 2019, Home Minister Amit Shah would be presenting Rajbhasha Awards to the chiefs of various Ministries, departments and offices for their outstanding performances in promoting the language. Hindi is spoken by around 40 percent of people in India. The language is the single largest spoken language among the 22 scheduled languages in the sixth schedule of the Indian constitution. Currently, Hindi is well known and well-received at international forums. The pioneer of Hindi in international forums in former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee and he is now followed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who also chooses to speak in Hindi in most significant global exchanges. Hindi with 341 million native speakers is the fourth most spoken language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English. Overall, there are 22 scheduled languages of India, among which, two are used officially by the Union government- Hindi and English.

International Current News

  • Saudi Arabia:Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman has been appointed as new Energy minister of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This post is generally considered as one of the most important positions in the government.He had earlier served as the Deputy and State Energy Minister for several years It is the first time when any member of the ruling Al Saud family has given the energy minister post in Saudi Arabia.Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman is the son of the King of Saudi Arabia.
  • Jack Ma: Jack Ma the co-founder of the company Alibaba in 1999, is among the world's richest billionaires. He has also been frequently listed by Forbes as one of the world’s most powerful people. He announced his decision to retire from the Chairman position in September 2018 on his 55th birthday. He chose Daniel Zhang to succeed him as Chairman. Alibaba is the world's largest retailer and e-commerce company and one of the largest Internet and AI companies. It is also one of the world’s biggest venture capital firms and investment corporations in the world.The company hosts the largest online marketplace. The online sales and profits of Alibaba have surpassed all US retailers including Amazon, Walmart and eBay combined since 2015. Alibaba employs over 100,000 people and has now expanded into financial services, cloud computing and artificial intelligence. It is one of Asia’s most valuable listed company with current market capitalization of Alibaba around $460 billion. It is also expanding into the media industry. Recently, Alibaba announced investments worth $2.7 billion in luxury goods retail platform Kaola and a music streaming firm. The move demonstrates the firm’s flexibility in adopting new strategies.
  • Bahamas : Hurricane Dorian an extremely powerful, long-lived, and destructive tropical cyclone devastated the northwestern Bahamas and caused significant damage to the Southeastern United States and Atlantic Canada. India on Sunday announced humanitarian assistance of USD 1 million to help people in The Bahamas affected by Hurricane Dorian.The death toll from the calamity has risen to over 40, even as search and rescue teams are still trying to reach out to Bahamian communities isolated by floodwaters and debris in the wake of Hurricane Dorian. In solidarity with the friendly people of The Bahamas in this difficult moment, the Government of India is extending an immediate disaster relief of $ 1 million.
  • India-Nepal: Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Nepal counterpart K P Sharma Oli on Tuesday jointly inaugurated the Motihari-Amlekhganj petroleum product pipeline via a video link. The over 60 km-long pipeline is the first-ever cross-border petroleum product pipeline in the South Asia region, according to a video presentation made before the inauguration. As of now, tankers carry petroleum products from India to Nepal as part of an arrangement which is in place since 1973. This India-Nepal energy cooperation project is a symbol of close bilateral relations. It would not only help to enhance the energy security of the region but substantially cut down on transit costs too.
  • WEC : WEC or the World Energy Congress is a triennial event and has been running since 1924. With over 150 countries represented, WEC is world’s largest and most influential energy event that covers all aspects of energy agenda. It is a global flagship event of World Energy Council. It offers a unique platform for global energy leaders to explore new energy futures, new strategies and critical innovation areas. It enables dialogue amongst Ministers, CEOs, policy-makers and industry practitioners on critical developments in energy sector.The 24th World Energy Congress was held in Abu Dhabi, at the Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre, United Arab Emirates (UAE) from 9-12 September 2019. It was held under the patronage of Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of UAE.The theme of this year’s 4-day World Energy Congress is ‘Energy for Prosperity’. It also represents ambitious and dynamic energy transition of UAE. Its objective is To bring together international energy stakeholders including governments, academia and media, private and state corporations. This event welcomed more than 15,000 participants including 72 Ministers, 250 high-level speakers, 500 CEOs, 1000 media persons with 40,000 square-metre exhibition space that will cover entire energy spectrum.
  • India-Iceland Relation :President of India Ram Nath Kovind, addressed the India-Iceland Business Forum in Reykjavik, (capital of Iceland) on 11 September 2019. President Kovind is on a 3 day visit to Reykjavik, Iceland from 9-11 September 2019. This is part of President’s three first leg visit to– Iceland, Switzerland and Slovenia. This is also the first visit of an Indian President to Iceland since visit of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam in 2005. India’s growth and commitment to sustainability and Iceland’s business strengths and niche capacities complement each other and make for a natural partnership. The technological prowess of Iceland and scientific skills of India could embrace each other to drive 4th Industrial Revolution and machine-intelligence age. There is a lot of economic potential and opportunities between India and Iceland in pharma, healthcare, finance, hospitality, tourism services and biotech space.
  • IFC and FIDC sign a MoU to train NBFC : The International Finance Corporation (IFC) part of the World Bank Group signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Finance Industry Development Council (FIDC), a representative body of asset and loan Financing NBFC to collaborate on the training of NBFCs in the country. Leading consultants from the World Bank Group will be coducting these training programs at various centres across the country. These training programs would greatly enhance the awareness, expertise and professionalism of our member companies and medium-sized NBFCs catering to the credit needs in rural and semi-urban areas. This would also facilitate more informed credit appraisals thereby improving the asset quality. Such engagement with a global development finance institution would further improve the credibility of the NBFC sector thereby boosting investors confidence. According to the agreement, the training programs for NBFCs would be conducted on “Commercial Credit Reporting” aimed at building the capacity of NBFCs to enhanced reporting and enquiring on Commercial Credit Information Data from the Credit Bureaus
  • ANGAN :A three-day international conference ANGAN (Augmenting Nature by Green Affordable New-habitat) focused on Energy Efficiency in Building Sector was held in New Delhi. Shri Abhay Bakre, DG, BEE and Shri Raj Pal, Economic Advisor, Ministry of Power, inaugurated the Conference in the presence of eminent experts of the field. The Conference was organized by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Ministry of Power, Government of India in collaboration with the GIZ under the Indo-German Technical Cooperation. BEE : The BEE is a statutory body under the Ministry of Power, Government of India that assists in developing policies and strategies with the primary objective of reducing the energy intensity. It coordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies, and other organizations to identify, and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing the functions assigned under the Energy Conservation Act. Speakers, Delegates, Experts and Policy Makers across 16 countries participated in the event. The participants from Central and State local authorities as well as Technology providers and Experts, practicing Architects and University Students were also present.
  • Tonga : It is Located in Oceania. Tonga is an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, directly south of Samoa and about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand. Prime Minister of Tonga Akilisi Pohiva 78, died in New Zealand. He was hospitalized for two weeks in the Tongan capital of Nuku'alofa with pneumonia. He was transferred to New Zealand recently Where passed away in this morning. He is known as towering democracy in the country. He was first elected in 1987. Akilisi Pohiva was first elected as PM of Tonga in 2014 after decades of campaigning for democratic representation and reforms.

Science & Technology Current News

  • CHC Farm Machinery:It is Multilingual Mobile App launched for farmers:The Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Purushottam Rupala recently launched a multilingual mobile app 'CHC Farm Machinery' during the National Conference on crop residue Management for farmers in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi. CHC Farm Machinery Mobile App will allow farmers to avail custom hiring services of CHCs located in a radius of 50 km. It will connect the farmers with Custom Hiring Service Centers in their area. Farmers can download this mobile app on any android phone from Google Play Store. Farmers can get affordable access to cutting-edge technology at their doorsteps with the help of this mobile app. The issue of crop residue burning has become a major environmental problem causing health issues as well as contributing to global warming. There are some sustainable techniques like Composting, biochar production and mechanization that can help to curtail the issue while retaining the nutrients present in the crop residue in the soil. However, some steps by the government of India have taken to curtail this problem. Several measures and campaigns designed to promote sustainable management methods such as converting crop residue into energy have also started. In recent years, the alarming rise of air pollution levels caused by crop residue burning in the city of Delhi and other northern areas in India observed.
  • Exoplanet - K2-18b:Water has been found by scientists in the atmosphere of an exoplanet called K2-18b. The exoplanet is twice the size and eight times the mass of Earth and hence, known as a super-Earth. Super-Earths are exoplanets that are larger than Earth but smaller than Neptune. The exoplanet orbits a red dwarf star, K2-18 and is 110 light-years away from Earth in the Leo constellation. It is the first planet outside the solar system in the habitable zone of its star.The K2-18b exoplanet completes one orbit around its star every 33 days.The super-Earth is much closer to its star than the Earth is to the sun. However, the red dwarf star is much cooler than the Sun. The discovery was published in a paper in a scientific journal, Nature Astronomy on September 11, 2019 by researchers from University College London (UCL). The paper revealed that scientists studied the atmosphere of K2-18b, a distant super-Earth and for the first time discovered water vapor in its atmosphere and temperature that could potentially support life. Though scientists have tagged exoplanet K2-18b as potentially habitable, it doesn’t mean that humans could live there. The research team used archived data collected by the Hubble Space Telescope between 2016 and 2017 that had captured starlight as it passed through the exoplanet’s atmosphere. When the researchers put the data through algorithms, they saw signs of water vapour in the atmosphere. The researchers also saw traces of hydrogen and helium in the atmosphere, two of the most abundant elements in the universe. The planet was first discovered by NASA's Kepler spacecraft in 2015.

Sports Current News

  • US Open 2019:It is a Grand Slam US Open tennis tournament. Rafael Nadal won his 19th Grand Slam title after holding off Russian Daniil Medvedev's exhilarating fightback in one of the greatest US Open finals. Rafael Nadal beats Daniil Medvedev to clinch a thrilling win in four hours and 50 minutes - just four minutes shorter than the longest US Open final. Spain's Nadal, 33, won 7-5 6-3 5-7 4-6 6-4 against the fifth seed in New York.
  • Formula One Italian Grand Prix:It is a Grand Prix motor racing championship which takes place in Italy, Montichiari. Ferrari driver Charles Leclerc of Monaco won Formula One Italian Grand Prix at Monza. He ended Ferrari's nine-year wait for victory at its home circuit as he held off the Mercedes duo to win Formula One's Italian Grand Prix on Sunday. Aged just 21, Leclerc held off a Mercedes onslaught to become the youngest driver dressed in red to win Ferrari’s home race.
  • BCCI :The BCCI (The Board of Control for Cricket in India) named a 15-man team for the three-match Test series against South Africa starting October 2. The name of KL Rahul had dropped due to poor performance in the 2 last Tests in the West Indies. He was dropped while Shubman Gill got his maiden call-up in the Test side. He has scored 1,443 runs in 14 first-class matches at an average of 72.15. India-South Africa Test series will begin on October 2.

People in News

  • Ravish Kumar:Indian journalist Ravish Kumar has been honoured with the prestigious 2019 Ramon Magsaysay Award. The four other winners of the Award are Ko Swe Win from Myanmar, Raymundo Pujante Cayabyab from the Philippines, Angkhana Neelapaijit from Thailand, and Kim Jong-Ki from South Korea. The prestigious award is widely regarded as the Asian version of the Nobel Prize.
  • Veeru Krishnan :Legendary actor and Kathak dancer Veeru Krishnan, popular for films like 'Ishq', 'Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke' and 'Raja Hindustani', passed away on Saturday. His final rites were performed at a crematorium in suburban Santacruz. The veteran, who graced silver screen during the '90s in supporting roles, often shared screen space with Aamir Khan. Besides acting in films, Krishnan a trained kathak dancer used to teach Kathak. He trained several film and TV actors like Priyanka Chopra,Lara Dutta, Katrina Kaif, Athiya Shetty, Karanvir Bohra and others. A host of celebrities took to social media to express their grief and offer condolences to the departed soul.
  • Pramod Kumar Mishra:71 year old Pramod Kumar Mishra a A Gujarat cadre Indian Administrative Service officer belonging to the 1972 batch, who was previously an Additional Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister, also held posts like Secretary Agriculture & Cooperation and Chairman, State Electricity Regulatory Commission has been appointed as the new Principal Secretary to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, effective September 11. He will replace Nripendra Misra, the Prime Minister's long-serving aide who resigned last month after a five-year stint as the top bureaucrat in the central government. Mr.PK Mishra who holds a PhD in Economics / Development Studies from the University of Sussex in England, was conferred a prestigious United Nations award for disaster management and disaster risk reduction.
  • Pramod Kumar Sinha:Former Cabinet Secretary Pramod Kumar Sinha who is a 1977 batch Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer of the Uttar Pradesh cadre, has been appointed the principal advisor to Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Prior to this appointment he served as the Power Secretary of India, and was the Shipping Secretary of India before that. Sinha was appointed as Officer on Special Duty (OSD) in the PMO on August 30, 2019..The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of P K Sinha, currently functioning as OSD in the Prime Minister's Office, as Principal Advisor to Prime Minister with effect from 11th September, 2019.
  • Recipients of Visitor’s Awards 2019:Recipients of Visitor’s Awards 2019 for research in various fields were announced by President’s Secretariat. President’s secretary Shri Sanjay Kothari, headed the committee along with other officials, assisted by a Sub-Committee selected people for 2019 Visitor’s award. The award will be conferred by President President Ram Nath Kovind at an event to be held at Rashtrapati Bhavan. The awards will be awarded to –

    Dr Partima She is from Special Centre for Nanoscience in Jawaharlal Nehru University.This year the Visitor’s Awards 2019 will be awarded to her for her research on biosensors and nano-bio interactions especially early-stage cancer diagnosis using nanomaterials bases biosensing platform. She will be awarded this award for her research in Biological science.

    Professor AsadUllah Khan He will be awarded The Visitor's Award 2019 for his contribution to biological science for identifying Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)problem in India: mechanism of spread and control of AMR. He is from Inter-disciplinary Biotechnology Unit in Aligarh Muslim University (AMU).

    Prof. Sibnath Deb He is from Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University. He will be awarded Visitor's Award 2019 for Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences Award, for his research in field of child protection, especially his focus on child abuse and neglect, student’s mental health and HIV/AIDS.

    Professor Sanjay Puri He is from School of Physical Sciences in Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU). He will be awarded the Visitor's Award 2019 for Technology Development for his research in field of non-equilibrium statistical physics and nonlinear dynamics.

    Dr Shaon Ray Chaudhuri She is from Department of Microbiology in Tripura University. She is awarded for Technology Development, for developing microbial biofilm reactor for conversion of dairy wastewater into biofertilizer. Awards are awarded to promote healthy competition amongst Central Universities as well as motivate them to adopt best global practices in pursuit of excellence.

  • Vikram Sampath:He is a Bengaluru-based historian. His book titled Savarkar: Echoes from a forgotten past, 1883-1924, published by Penguin was released on the 11th of September 2019. This book describes the life of freedom fighter and Philosopher Vinayak Damodar Savarkar who was popularly known as Veer Savarkar. The first volume of the two-volume series covers the life of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (Veer Savarkar). It expresses and explains the incidents from his birth in 1883 to his conditional release to Ratnagiri in 1924. The uniqueness of the new book is the historian Vikram Sampath brought out the often missed aspects of politician Vinayak Damodar Savarkar’s life and times.
  • Padma Vibhushan:It is the highest civilian award after Bharat Ratna. Mary Kom, the Manipur boxer, who is the only woman to become World Amateur Boxing champion for a record six times, and the only woman boxer to have won a medal in each one of the seven world championships, becomes the first woman athlete to be recommended by the Sports Ministry for Padma Vibhushan.
  • Padma Bhushan:It is the third highest civilian award. PV Sindhu has been nominated for Padma Bhushan. She became the first Indian to win the BWF World Championships in August.She has been recommended for the Padma Bhushan. The 24-year old Hyderabadi shuttler had got the Padma Shri in 2015.
  • Padma Shree:It is the forth highest civilian award. The names of wrestler archer Tarundeep Rai, hockey Olympian MP Ganesh, wrestler Vinesh Phogat, table tennis star Manika Batra, cricket captain Harmanpreet Kaur (T20Is), hockey captain Rani Rampal, former shooter Suma Shirur and mountaineer twin sisters, Tashi and Nungshi Malik have been sent for Padma Shri.
  • Navdeep Singh Suri:He is Indian Ambassador to UAE. He was awarded the First Class Order of Zayed II award by the UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. It is a rare honour given to any diplomat. Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, UAE Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, presented the Order to the Indian Ambassador Navdeep Puri in Abu Dhabi. He was awarded in recognition of his efforts during his tenure and his contribution to the development and strengthening of friendly relations and co-operation between the two friendly countries.
  • Amit Sharma:Amit Sharma a resident from New Delhi, has made a world record by creating World’s largest static website www.cheapflightsall.com which consists of 31 Crore 84 Lakh 60 Thousand 567 pages. The website size is 5 TB and it took 23 days to develop and 4 months to upload and the same was launched on 25th September 2016.

Places in News

  • Jharkhand: The Prime Minister will also be launching 400 Ekalvya Model Residential Schools during his visit to Jharkhand. The main aim is to provide quality upper primary, secondary and senior secondary level education to Scheduled Tribe students in tribal-dominated areas. The scheme will be implemented in blocks with a tribal population of at least 20,000. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Laghu Vyaparik Mandhan Yojana and Swarojgar pension schemes in Jharkhand during his visit. During his visit, he also laid the foundation for the new building of Jharkhand Secretariat
  • Maharashtra: The Government of India and The Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed a USD 200 million loan to upgrade rural roads to all-weather standards in 34 districts of Maharashtra. Its objective is to improve road safety and better connect rural areas with markets and services. Road construction and repairing work will be started with the loan. ADB and GOI project will improve the condition of about 2,100 kilometres (km) of rural roads to all-weather standards. It will also provide climate resilience and safety features, connecting rural communities with productive agricultural areas and socio-economic centres.
  • Telangana: The Chief Minister of Telangana K Chandrasekhar Rao who presented the annual budget for the year 2019-20 has downsized the budged to 1 lakh 46 thousand 492 crore rupees. K Chandrasekhar Rao government had to consider the financial crisis which is looming large around the country and forced to take practical decisions. He assured people in his hour-long budget speech that the government will make all-out efforts to fulfil the assurances given during elections. As per Mr. Rao, the severe economic slowdown is leading to serious repercussions in the country, which is being witnessed daily and it has adversely impacted all sectors. There is a negative growth in many key sectors, which mirrors the prevailing economic situation. The official data put out by the institutions connected with these sectors presented a gloomy picture.
  • Uttarakhand: Mount Satopanth peak is the second highest peak in the Uttarakhand. The mountain successfully summitted for the first time by the team lead by Andre Roch in 1947. A team of 16 members of the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) successfully completed Mount Satopanth's peak climbing. The CISF members committed the expedition to Fit India Movement and Women Empowerment which were initiated by the Prime Minister of India. The main objective of the expedition was to unfold the message of empowering girls through mountain climbing to stay spirit of journey alive in effect. The team pushed their limit and achieved their goal by exposing themselves to the very best order of mental and physical challenges, including exposure to low atmospheric pressure, thin air, sub-zero temperatures, incessant snow blizzards and lots of alternative harsh climatic conditions. The CISF has a sixteen members mountain climbing expedition team including 3 girls was flagged-off on 05th August 2019 by Director General of CISF. The team was led by Shri Raghubir Lal DIG.CISF as a part of the CAPFs team will go to Mt. Everest Expedition in March-April in 2020.
  • Ranchi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi heralded a new era in the development journey of Jharkhand when he inaugurated the second riverine Multi-Modal Cargo Terminal online from Ranchi, Jharkhand built at Sahibgunj. He dedicated to nation the second Multi Modal Terminal built at Sahibganj in Jharkhand on 12 September, 2019. This trade point has been completed in record time of 2 years. This is the 2nd of three Multi Modal Terminals (MMTs) being constructed on river Ganga under Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP). In November 2018, PM Modi inaugurated first MMT at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The Rs.290 crore multi-modal cargo terminal which will hava a cargo storing capacity of 3 million tonne (MT) per year, a stockyard and parking and berthing space for two vessels, has been built by Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) on River Ganga at Sahibganj. The Sahibganj terminal will play an important role in the development journey of Jharkhand and Bihar acting as a gateway for industries in these states, and connecting them to global markets. The terminal will specially benefit the coal sector, stone chips, fertiliser, cement and sugar industries. Acting as a point of convergence for Road-Rail-River routes it will improve connectivity to Kolkata, Haldia and adjoining areas.

Current Affairs September 01 to September 07

Indian polity Current News

  • 5 new governors appointed, Kalraj Mishra goes to Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu BJP chief is Telangana governor: President Ram Nath Kovind today appointed four new Governors and shifted Kalraj Mishra from Himachal Pradesh to Rajasthan. Mishra, 78, will succeed former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Kalyan Singh, who completed his five-year tenure as the Governor of Rajasthan. Former Union Labour Minister Bandaru Dattatreya, 72, has been appointed Governor of Himachal Pradesh, replacing Kalraj Mishra. Former Union Minister Arif Mohammed Khan will be the Kerala Governor in place of former Chief Justice of India P Sathasivam. BJP’s Tamil Nadu state chief Dr Tamilisai Soundararajan will be the Governor of Telangana, a post currently held by ESL Narasimhan. Former Uttarakhand Chief Minister Bhagat Singh Koshyari will be the new Governor of Maharashtra in place of Vidyasagar Rao. The appointments will take place from the dates they assume charge.
  • 01 September 2019: The West Bengal State Assembly passed West Bengal (Prevention of Lynching) Bill, 2019. The Bill aims to prevent and punish mob assaults and lynching. The state government mentioned that the Bill was passed as the Centre has failed to take the initiative. The Bill was passed by a voice vote. The Bill aims to prevent the spreading of hatred or incidents of mob lynching. The State describes lynching as social malice. The State also urged the Centre and other State governments to bring similar legislation.
  • Provisions of the Bill:The bill was passed after several cases in which the people were beaten to death over rumors of cattle smuggling and child theft. This offense will carry the punishment of a jail term for three years to life imprisonment. In case of assault leading to injury, the penalty includes a fine of a minimum of Rs.1 lakh to a maximum of Rs.3 lakh. The Bill defined terms such as lynching and mob. The Bill said that the West Bengal Lynching Compensation Scheme may be framed under this Act.
  • ‘Jai Bheem Mukhyamantri Yojana’:Ahead of assembly elections, the Delhi government on Tuesday extended the benefits under its 'Jai Bhim Mukhyamantri Yojana', which provides financial aid for coaching to students from Scheduled Castes (SC), to Other Backward Classes (OBC) and economically weaker sections It includes other backward class and general category students in its ‘Jai Bheem Mukhyamantri Yojana’, and enhance financial assistance from ₹40,000 to ₹1 lakh for coaching for various competitive exams. This scheme is only for the scheduled caste category students under which financial assistance of up to ₹40,000 would be provided.The move comes at a time when only a few months are left for the scheduled Delhi Assembly elections to be held early next year.According to Mr. Kejriwal, a civil service aspirant will be provided financial assistance upto ₹1 lakh for 12-month coaching.An applicant whose annual family income is less than ₹8 lakh will be able to avail the scheme, he added.
  • Aayush Centres :The Central government has set a target of setting up 12,500 Ayush centres across India. The announcement was made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the Yoga Award Ceremony held in New Delhi. He also said that the Centre will open 1.5 lakh health, wellness centres. The prime minister also pitched for linking technology with tradition in the practise of Ayush medicine. In its first, 4000 Ayush centres will be set up in 2019. Government is also making efforts to bring in more professionals in the field of Ayush and necessary steps are being taken to that effect. Centre also plans to create a homogenous system by creating an Ayush grid on the lines of one nation, one tax, and one nation, one mobility card.
  • International Relations :Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami signed three agreements for collaboration in the healthcare sector on his first day of his UK tour. The Chief Minister is on the first leg of his three-nation tour which he set out for on Wednesday. According to reports, of the three agreements, two were Memorandums of Understanding (MoU) and one was Statement of Intent. While one MoU was signed between the government of Tamil Nadu and International Skills Development Corporation, to develop the skills of the healthcare staff in the state, another MoU was between the government of Tamil Nadu and the King’s College London. King’s College London is looking to establish a branch of the college in Tamil Nadu. The Chief Minister, flanked by Tamil Nadu’s Health Minister C Vijayabaskar and Health Secretary Dr Beela Rajesh, also signed a Statement of Intent with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine to improve the standards to control the spread of communicable diseases like malaria and dengue. The delegation also visited the Emergency Operations Centre of the London ambulance service, NHS and its call centres to study the model of emergency response and dispatch of ambulances in London. The aim is to replicate the model in Tamil Nadu.
  • Rajya Sabha passes National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill, 2019:Rajya Sabha has passed National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill, 2019. Now it has to be passed by Lok Sabha. The Bill seeks to amend National Institute of Design Act, 2014, which declares National Institute of Design (NID), Ahmedabad as an institution of national importance. It seeks to declare four National Institutes of Design (NID) in Andhra Pradesh (Amaravati), Assam (Jorhat), Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal) and Haryana (Kurukshera) as institutions of national importance as these institutes are registered as Societies under Societies Registration Act, 1860 and do not have power to grant degrees or diplomas. Once these four institutions are declared of national importance, they will be granted the power to grant degrees and diplomas. This step taken by the Government will not only help to produce highly skilled manpower in design sector but also create job opportunities, both direct and indirect. It will also provide sustainable design interventions for handloom, crafts, rural technology, small, medium (SMEs) and large scale enterprises (LSEs) nd outreach programmes for capacity, capability and institution building.
  • Lok Sabha passes Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019:Lok Sabha passed Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 which seeks to prohibit discrimination against transgender persons, including in matters of employment. This bill that lays emphasis on educating, skilling and making transgenders employable was moved by Union Minister for State for Social Justice and Empowerment Kishan Pal Gurjar. This bill prohibits discrimination on the grounds of education, healthcare, employment, access to, or enjoyment of goods, facilities opportunities available to public. A transgender person can make an appliction to District Magistrate (DM) for a certificate of identity, indicating gender as ‘transgender’. National Council for Transgender persons (NCT): NCT chaired by Union Minister for Social Justice, apart from redressing grievances of transgender person, will advise central government as well as monitor impact of policies with respect to transgender persons. A transgender, ss a person or individual whose gender does not match gender assigned at birth. It includes trans-men and trans-women, persons with intersex variation (means a person who at birth shows variation in his/her primary sexual characteristics, external genitalia, chromosomes, or hormones from normative standard of male/female body), gender-queers, and persons with socio-cultural identities, such as kinnar and hijra. Though maximaum demands of the transgender community have been included in the Bill but the prejudice of the people regarding transgender have to be changed then only the Bills passed for them will be effective.
  • Indian Policy :The Sagarmala is a series of projects to leverage the country’s coastline and inland waterways to drive industrial development. It was originally mooted by the Vajpayee government in 2003 as the waterways equivalent of the Golden Quadrilateral. Sagarmala, integrated with the development of inland waterways, is expected to reduce cost and time for transporting goods, benefiting industries and export/import trade. The Sagarmala Programme is an initiative by the government of India to enhance the performance of the country's logistics sector. The programme envisages unlocking the potential of waterways and the coastline to minimize infrastructural investments required to meet these targets. It entails investing ₹8.5 trillion (equivalent to ₹8.9 trillion, US$130 billion or €120 billion in 2018) to set up new mega ports, modernizing India's existing ports, developing of 14 Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs) and Coastal Employment Units, enhancing port connectivity via road, rail, multi-modal logistics parks, pipelines & waterways and promoting coastal community development, with the aim of boosting merchandise exports by US$110 billion and generating around 10,000,000 direct and indirect jobs. The Sagarmala Programme is the flagship programme of the Ministry of Shipping to promote port-led development in the country by exploiting India’s 7,500 km long coastline, 14,500 km of potentially navigable waterways and its strategic location on key international maritime trade routes. Sagarmala aims to modernize India's Ports so that port-led development can be augmented and coastlines can be developed to contribute to India's growth. It also aims at "transforming the existing Ports into modern world-class Ports and integrate the development of the Ports, the Industrial clusters and hinterland and efficient evacuation systems through road, rail, inland and coastal waterways resulting in Ports becoming the drivers of economic activity in coastal areas. To implement this, State governments would set up State Sagarmala committees, headed by the chief minister or the minister in charge of ports. At the central level, a Sagarmala Development Company (SDC) will be set upto provide equity support to assist various special purpose vehicles (SPVs) set up for various projects.

Economic Current News

  • New income tax rules come into effect from September 1: Union finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman in her maiden budget speech announced some income tax-related changes which will come into effect from Sunday (September 1), September 1. Her key announcements were that the tax deducted at source (TDS) will be levied at the rate of 2 per cent on cash payments worth more than Rs 1 crore. Also, the TDS will be levied if life insurance maturity received is taxable. Further, the government amended 194-IA of Income Tax Act to include all charges of the nature of club membership fee, car parking fee, or any other charges of similar nature under immovable property for levy of the TDS. Here is a 5-point explainer of new tax-related changes that have come into effect in India from September 1.
    1. TDS on additional payment made when purchasing immovable property:The government had amended 194-IA of Income Tax Act during the budget announcement in July in which FM Nirmala Sitharaman announced that if any person purchases an immovable property of Rs 50 lakh or more than that (excluding agricultural land), is required to deduct TDS at the rate of 1 per cent from September 1, 2019, onward. The amendment included all charges of the nature of club membership fee, car parking fee, electricity and water facility fees, maintenance fee, advance fee or any other charges of similar nature, which are incidental to the transfer of immovable property.
    2. TDS on cash withdrawals from bank accounts:The government has included a new section 194N in the Act. With this new inclusion, the TDS can be levied at the rate of 2 per cent on cash payments worth more than Rs 1 crore in aggregate made within the year, by a cooperative bank, a banking company, or post office to any individual from an account, which is maintained by the recipient.
    3. TDS on payments made by HUF/Individual to professionals and contractors:Under this provision announced in the Budget, if the payment made to a contractor or a professional or a brokerage exceeds Rs 50 lakh in a year, an individual or HUF (Hindu Undivided Family) is required to deduct 5 per cent TDS at the time of crediting such amount. This will help check evasion but may lead to a higher burden of compliance for the payer.This means that individuals making payments of over Rs 50 lakh, let's say, house renovation, wedding functions or any other purpose to a single professional in a year would be required to deduct tax at the time of making the payment.
    4. TDS on life insurance:If life insurance maturity proceeds received are taxable, then the TDS will be deducted at the rate of 5 per cent on the net income portion. The net income portion is defined as the total sum received less of the total amount of insurance premium paid. Earlier, the TDS was 1% of the gross maturity payout under the policy.
    5. Interchangeability of Pan and Aadhaar:Union finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman in her Budget speech had announced that taxpayers who don't own a PAN card (Permanent Account Number) can now file Income Tax returns with their Aadhaar Card also. The FM allowed the interchangeability of PAN and Aadhaar card for filing tax returns.

Environment & Climate Current News

  • Food Ministry puts blanket ban on single use plastic products from 15 Sept : Union Ministry of Consumer Affairs Food and Public Distribution has announced a blanket ban on all types of single use plastic products in various departments of Ministry and all its Public Sector Units (PSUs) including Food Corporation of India (FCI) starting from 15 September 2019. The decision on this ban on use of single-use plastic products was taken in a high level meeting held by Union Minister of Consumer Affairs Food and Public Distribution, Ram Vilas Paswan. Union Minister. The high level meeting was held with Secretaries of both Departments i.e. Consumer Affairs and Food, CMD FCI, DG Bureau of India Standards (BIS), MD of central warehousing corporation (CWC), Director Legal Metrology along with other senior officials of Ministry. Steps taken by Ministry so far is that during the Swachhata Pakhwada and Swachhata Hi Sewa campaign, department of fertilizers has distributed cloth bags produced by Women’s Self help Group (SHG) Laxmi Devi Swasya Group of village Maragondanahalli Grama Panchayat Ramohalli district, Karnataka to its employees to reduce consumption of single use plastics. As per the department, it is a small step to reduce single-use plastic usage and, to make people aware of viable alternative, while at the same time to improve income and livelihood of rural women of India.
  • Environment Ministry releases Rs 47,436 crore for afforestation to various states:The Union Ministry of Environment has released Rs 47,436 crore of CAMPA funds to various states for afforestation projects. The transferred funds will not affect the state budget for forests, it will be an additional fund. The funds were handed over by Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar.The Environment Ministry has released the additional fund to the states to give a boost to forestry activities to achieve the objectives of the Nationally-Determined Contributions (NDCs) of increasing forest and tree cover. The increase in forest and tree cover will create an additional carbon sink equivalent to 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide by the year 2030. The Environment Minister said that the funds will be used for compensatory afforestation, wildlife management, improvement of wildlife habitat, assisted natural regeneration, soil and moisture conservation works in the forest, catchment area treatment, forest fire prevention and control operations, management of biological diversity and biological resources and research in forestry and monitoring of CAMPA works. The CAMPA funds cannot be used for payment of salary, travelling allowances and medical expenses. The Supreme Court ordered for the establishment of Compensatory Afforestation Fund and Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) in 2001. This was after the top court observed that the funds collected for afforestation were underutilized by the states. The court ordered for central pooling of funds under the Compensatory Afforestation Fund. The National Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (National CAMPA) was set up to manage the fund. In 2009, states set up State CAMPAs, which receive 10 percent of the funds from National CAMPA for afforestation and forest conservation activities. In the same year, the apex court also permitted the release of Rs 1000 crore every year to States/UTs for compensatory afforestation and other activities. As per the CAG report 2013 noted that the funds continued to be underutilized. The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill 2015 was then introduced by the government in Lok Sabha in May 2015 to regulate the collected funds. The bill was then sent for examination under a standing committee and it was passed by Rajya Sabha in July 2016. With the approval of the Supreme Court in January 2019, after notification of CAF Rules, an amount worth Rs.54,685 crore from Ad-hoc CAMPA was brought under the control of the Union Government. Overall, 27 States and UTs have created accounts for receiving the government funds and those states will be the beneficiary of the additional funds announced by the government. The fund shall be utilized as per the provisions of the CAF Act and CAF Rules.
  • Researchers discover five new fish species in Arunachal Pradesh:Five new species of fish have been discovered from different districts of Arunachal Pradesh. The discovery was made by a fisheries and aquatic ecology research team from the zoology department of Rajiv Gandhi University (RGU). The research team was headed by Professor DN Das. The RGU research team published the details of the discovery in various International journals. According to Prof DN Das, the head of the research team, the majority of remote water bodies in the state are still not easily accessible to researchers due to dense rainforests, steep terrains and communication problem. He, however, said that the research team was confident that systematic exploration may result in more discoveries of new Ichthyo species from the state in the future.

    Following are the five newly discovered fish species:

    1. Mystus Prabini: The fish species was discovered in Sinkin and the Dibang rivers in Lower Dibang Valley district.
    2. Exostoma Kottelati: The species was discovered in the Ranga River in Lower Subansiri district.
    3. Creteuchiloglanis Tawangensis: The species was discovered in the Tawangchu river in Tawang district of the Arunachal Pradesh.
    4. Garra Ranganensis: The species was discovered in the Ranga River.
    5. Physoschistura Harkishorei: The species was discovered in the Dibang and the Lohit rivers in Lower Dibang Valley district.
  • Amazon fires: Seven countries sign forest protection pactSeven South American countries have agreed measures to protect the Amazon river basin, amid global concern over massive fires in the world's largest tropical forest. Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru and Suriname signed a pact, setting up a disaster response network and satellite monitoring.The countries were represented in Leticia by presidents, vice-presidents and ministers. At a summit in Colombia, they also agreed to work on reforestation. More than 80,000 fires have broken out in the Amazon rainforest this year. The Amazon is a vital carbon store that slows down the pace of global warming, and 60% of it is located in Brazil. The number of fires between January and August 2019 is double that of the same period last year, according to the country's National Institute for Space Research (Inpe). President Bolsonaro has drawn intense domestic and international criticism for failing to protect the region. Environmentalists say his policies have led to an increase in fires this year and that he has encouraged cattle farmers to clear vast swathes of the rainforest since his election last October .Meanwhile, Brazil's leading meat export industry group and agricultural businesses have joined an environmental campaign calling for an end to deforestation in public lands in the Amazon and demanding government action. Bolivia has also seen fires rage across the forest near its borders with Brazil and Paraguay. Several international retailers have said they are suspending purchases of Brazilian leather because of the links between cattle ranching and the fires devastating parts of the Amazon rainforest.
  • NGT asks centre to prepare plan for protection of Great Indian BustardNoting the high mortality of Great Indian Bustard, the National Green Tribunal has directed the government to prepare within two months a time-bound action plan for protection of these birds. A bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel constituted a joint committee to prepare the action plan for implementation of suggestions submitted by the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) over the issue. The panel comprises director general and additional director general, Forest (Wildlife) from the Ministry of Environment and Forests, nominees of Ministry of Power, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and nominees of Energy Departments of Gujarat and Rajasthan. The tribunal was hearing a plea filed by the Centre for Wildlife and Environment Litigation. The plea said according to the 30th Forest Advisory Committee meeting, power lines, especially high-voltage transmission lines with multiple overhead wires, are the major threat to the critically endangered species as they have poor frontal vision. It said 75 per cent of the birds have died due to collision with power lines in the past 30 years. The Great Indian Bustard is an endangered species. Its scientific name is Ardeotis nigriceps. Its largest populations are found in Indian state Rajasthan.It is listed in the Schedule I of Indian Wlildlife (Protection)Act,1972 , Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) or Bonn Convention,Appendix I of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), IUCN Red List- as Critically Endangered and National Wildlife Action Plan (2002-2016). It has also been identified as one of the species for recovery programme under Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats of Union Ministry of Environment and Forests, and Climate Change (MoEFCC).

National Current News

  • Nuakhai’, a harvest festival welcoming the new crop, celebrated in Odisha:Nuakhai Juhar is one of the most ancient festivals celebrated in Odisha to welcome the new crop of the season. The agricultural festival is mainly observed by the people of western Odisha. On the auspicious occasion,"Nuakhai Juhar! One of the most ancient festivals of Odisha, may this auspicious occasion further the spirit of prosperity, especially among our hardworking farmers. Nuakhai Juhar is also called Nuakhai Parab or Nuakahi Bhetghat and is a greeting exchanged on the special day. Nuakhai is a combination of two words, 'nua' meaning new and 'khai' means eat, it thus signifies "eating of new rice". People worship food grain on this auspicious day. Special meals are prepared and everyone eats it together. The farmers offer the first produce from their lands to Goddess Samaleswari, the famous mother goddess of Sambalpur district of the state.Nuakhai is celebrated across districts like Kalahandi, Sambalpur, Balangir, Bargarh, Sundargarh, Nuapada, Jharsuguda, Sonepur and Boudh and also across several areas of Jharkhand. Several cultural programmes - folk songs and dances are organised on this day to display the state's local culture and tradition.

International Current News

  • 5 September: The International Day of Charity is observed every year on September 5 across the world. It aims to recognise role of charity in alleviating human ‎suffering within and among nations. It also seeks to raise awareness and provide common platform for charity related activities for charitable, philanthropic and volunteer organizations and individuals all over the world for their own purposes on national, regional and international level.It is observed on the %th of September as it is the death anniversary of Mother Teresa. It was first celebrated for the first time in 2013. On this day, all Member States, international and regional organizations, as well as civil society are invited by UN to commemorate this day for encouraging charity, including through education and pblic awareness-raising activities. The International Day of Charity was instituted by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by adopting resolution A/RES/67/105PDF on 17 December 2012.
  • 7th RCEP Ministerial Meeting commence in Bangkok from 8-10 September: The 7th Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) ministerial meeting of 10 members of ASEAN countries and their six FTA (free trade agreement) partners is being held in Bangkok, Thailand from 8-10 September 2019. Along with the meeting 7th East Asia Economic Ministers Summit and 16th ASEAN India Economic Ministers (AEM) meeting are also being held. The meeting will be attended by Economic Ministers and senior leaders of 10 ASEAN member countries and 8 East Asia Summit (EAS) countries. EAS meeting will discuss regional and global economic developments and ASEAN’s outlook on Indo-Pacific regions. Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Railways, Piyush Goyal is representing India at the meet. He will also hold bilateral meetings with his counterparts from Russia, Japan, China, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand. The ongoing global uncertainties Which have added to urgency to conclude mega free trade agreement (FTA) between these nations were discussed at the meeting. the 16 negotiating partners agreed that they should not lose long-term vision of deepening and expanding value chains in RCEP. Matters related to promotion of trade and investment among partner countries will be discussed in India ASEAN AEM and EAS-EMM meetings. India’s engagement with ASEAN is at core of ‘Act East’ policy of India. ASEAN is the gateway to Indian Ocean region (IOR) and as close partners. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership or the RCEP is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between 10 member states of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN - countries are Cambodia, Brunei, Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Myanmar), and its 6 FTA partners - India,Japan, China, Australia,South Korea and Newzealand.

Science & Technology Current News

  • 1st ever Mobile Science Exhibition flagged off in Leh:Leh, Sep 5 (IANS) Leh's first Mobile Science Exhibition (MSE) van was flagged off on Thursday by Union Tourism and Culture Minister Prahlad Singh Patel from the iconic Leh Palace here. The vehicle will hold lectures and sky observation sessions for school students, among other programmes. According to the officials in the Ministry of Culture, the vehicle will travel across the Ladakh region to promote science and technology among the youth. The Ministry will also flag-off 24 more such vans from different parts of the country on Thursday. Originally launched in 1965 as Mobile Science Museum (MSM), these vans have science exhibits and hold exhibitions throughout the year at schools in rural areas, except during vacations. The programmes aim to popularise science and technology among students as well as the people. Over next 5 years, 25 new vans will be added every year. Twenty-five vans are being added in September 2019, which is also part of 100-day achievement of this government.
  • Samudrayaan Project:India, after Chandrayaan project is planning to explore the deep sea region with the 'Samudrayaan' project to undertake deep ocean mining .The 'Samudrayaan' is a pilot project of the Ministry of Earth Sciences for deep ocean mining for rare minerals. The 'Samudrayaan' project proposes to send men into the deep sea in a submersible vehicle for ocean studies. The project is expected to become a reality by 2021-22. The project has been undertaken by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT). NIOT Director MA Atmanand said that NIOT has similarly undertaken Samudrayaan as ISRO has envisioned carrying an astronaut to space under its 2022 'Gaganyaan' mission. Under the proposed 'Samudrayaan' project, three men will be sent into deep sea in a submersible vehicle to a depth of about 6000 metres to carry out various deep underwater studies. The submersible vehicle, which will be indigenously developed, would be capable of crawling on the sea bed at a depth of six-kilometer for 72 hours.The project will go deeper in phases with more trials and the ocean mining is expected to commence in 2022.The submarines deployed currently go only about 200 metres deep into the sea. The expenditure of the ambitious project is expected to be around Rs 200 crore. The significance of Samudrayaan project that if it id successful then India will join the league of developed nations in the exploration of minerals from oceans Developed countries have already carried out such missions. India could be the first developing country to undertake such a project. The 'Samudrayaan' will be a part of the Rs 6000 crore 'Deep Ocean’ mission that though has received in-principle approval but it is still awaiting final approval from the Union Finance Ministry. The final approvals are expected to come through in October 2019.
  • Chandrayaan-2: Chandrayaan-2 is an Indian lunar mission to explore the unchartered south pole of the celestial body by landing a rover. It is developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO),after Chandrayaan-1.It consists of a lunar orbiter, the Vikram lander, and the Pragyan lunar rover, all of which were developed in India.The main scientific objective is to map the location and abundance of lunar water via Pragyan, and ongoing analysis from the orbiter circling at a lunar polar orbit of 100 × 100 km. The mission was launched to the Moon from the second launch pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre on 22 July 2019 at 2.43 PM IST (09:13 UTC) by a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III). The craft reached the Moon's orbit on 20 August 2019 and began orbital positioning manoeuvres for the landing of the Vikram lander. Vikram and the rover were scheduled to land on the near side of the Moon, in the south polar region at a latitude of about 70° south at approximately 1:50 am on 7 September 2019 and conduct scientific experiments for one lunar day, lasting two Earth weeks. However, at about 1:52 am IST, the lander deviated from its intended trajectory at around 2.1 kilometres (1.3 mi) from landing, and lost communication. Initial reports suggesting a crash have been confirmed by ISRO chairman K. Sivan, stating that the lander location had been found, and "it must had been a hard landing". The orbiter, part of the mission with eight scientific instruments, remains operational and will continue its seven-year mission to study the Moon. The Moon is the closest cosmic body at which space discovery can be attempted and documented. It is also a promising test bed to demonstrate technologies required for deep-space missions. Chandrayaan 2 attempts to foster a new age of discovery, increase our understanding of space, stimulate the advancement of technology, promote global alliances, and inspire a future generation of explorers and scientists. Moon provides the best linkage to Earth’s early history. It offers an undisturbed historical record of the inner Solar system environment. Though there are a few mature models, the origin of Moon still needs further explanations. Extensive mapping of lunar surface to study variations in lunar surface composition is essential to trace back the origin and evolution of the Moon. Evidence for water molecules discovered by Chandrayaan-1, requires further studies on the extent of water molecule distribution on the surface, below the surface and in the tenuous lunar exosphere to address the origin of water on Moon. The lunar South Pole is especially interesting because of the lunar surface area here that remains in shadow is much larger than that at the North Pole. There is a possibility of the presence of water in permanently shadowed areas around it. In addition, South Pole region has craters that are cold traps and contain a fossil record of the early Solar System.

Sports Current News

  • Bianca Andreescu becomes 1st teen to reach US Open semi-finals in decade:Canadian teen Bianca Andreescu became the first teen US Open semi-finalist in a decade defeating Belgium's Elise Mertens to set up a battle with Belinda Bencic for a spot in the final. The 15th-seeded 19-year-old from suburban Toronto rallied past 25th seed Mertens 3-6, 6-2, 6-3 to reach a clash against fellow Slam semi-final debutante Bencic today. Andreescu, a winner this year at Indian Wells and Toronto, is the first teen in the US Open's last four since Caroline Wozniacki in 2009.She could become the first teen to win a Grand Slam title since Maria Sharapova captured the 2006 US Open and she would be the youngest US Open champion since Russia's Svetlana Kuznetsova in 2004. Serena Williams, seeking her 24th Grand Slam singles title to match Margaret Court's all-time record, faces Ukraine's fifth-seeded Elina Svitolina in the other semi-final.
  • Yashaswini Singh Deswal is an Indian sport shooter.:Yashaswini Singh Deswal is an Indian sport shooter. She won the gold medal in the 10 metre air pistol event at the 2019 ISSF World Cup in Rio de Janeiro and qualified for the 2020 Summer Olympics. Panchkula shooter Yashaswini Singh Deswal, 22, bagged the ninth Olympic quota for India and became the world champion in the women’s 10m Air Pistol event in the ISSF World Cup being held at Rio De Janeiro, Brazil in the wee hours of Sunday. She was born on 30 March 1997 in New Delhi. Her father SS Deswal is an IPS officer who works as the deputy general of Indo-Tibetan Border Police and mother Saroj Deswal is the Chief Commissioner of Income Tax in Panchkula. As of August 2019, Deswal studies at DAV College in Chandigarh.
  • Rashid Khan Breaks 15-Year-Old Record to Become Youngest Test Captain:Premier Afghanistan spinner Rashid Khan on Thursday scripted history as he became the youngest ever Test captain in the history of the gentlemen’s game at the age of 20 years and 350 days. Rashid achieved the feat in Afghanistan’s one-off Test match against Bangladesh at the Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium in Chattogram. The spin sensation broke the earlier record held by former Zimbabwe captain Tatenda Taibu, who was the previous youngest Test skipper at 20 years and 358 days. In Test cricket, Taibu held the record for 15 years after leading Zimbabwe for the first time in 2004 against Sri Lanka at the Harare Sports Club. Former Indian skipper Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi is third in the list after leading the Men in Blue at the age of 21 years and 77 days. Other Test captains in the list are former Pakistani speedster Waqar Younis at 22 years and 15 days, former South African skipper Graeme Smith at 22 years and 82 days and Shakib Al Hasan at 22 years and 115 days

People in News

  • Venkaiah Naidu:Vice President of India M.Venkaiah Naidu released the Books on President’s speeches titled ‘Loktantra Ke Swar (Khand 2)’ in Hindi and ‘The Republican Ethic (Volume 2)’ in English in a function organized at Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra in New Delhi. It is a compilation of 95 speeches delivered by President of India Ram Nath Kovind during his 2nd year in office starting July 2018 to July 2019 represents vision, aspirations and ethos of the country and also represents contours of New India. The books are a collections of the Presidents's wisdom and visionary world view and also a testament of faith in strength of India .
  • Veteran Lawyer And Former Union Law Minister Ram Jethmalani Passes Away At 95:Veteran Indian lawyer and former Union Law Minister Ram Jethmalani passed away early morning on Sunday at the age of 95. He breathed his last at his New Delhi residence. Jethmalani was keeping ill since long and in the last two weeks he had been on constant medical assistance, reports said. His last rites will be performed at 4pm at Lodhi crematorium. Ram Boolchand Jethmalani (14 September 1923 – 8 September 2019) was born in Shikarpur, Sindh in the Sindh division of the then Bombay Presidency, now part of Pakistan in the family of Boolchand Gurmukhdas Jethmalani and Parbati Boolchand. He got a double promotion in school and completed matriculation at the age of 13. He secured an LL.B. degree from Bombay University with a first class first at the young age of 17. He received LL.M. from Bombay University, since Sindh did not have a university of its own at that time. He was an Indian lawyer and politician. He had served as India's Union Law Minister and as chairman of the Bar Council of India. He has represented a sweep of cases from the high-profile to the controversial for which he has often faced severe criticism. He was the highest paid lawyer in the supreme court of india. He was elected a member of parliament in the 6th and 7th Lok Sabha on a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) ticket from Mumbai. He has served as Law Minister of India and also as Minister of Urban Development during the prime ministership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee against whom he later contested election in the general elections of 2004 from Lucknow constituency. However, in 2010 he came back to BJP and was elected to Rajya Sabha on its ticket from Rajasthan. He has been criticised as being opportunistic because of this. Jethmalani was a well known face amongst the legal community in India. Even though his forte was criminal law, he had appeared in many high-profile civil cases. From 1993 to 1998, he was one of the lawyers who represented Harshad Mehta during the Harshad Mehta scam and the Narasimha Rao bribery case. On 7 May 2010, he was elected as the president of Supreme Court Bar Association.
  • Sameer:The renowned Bollywood lyricist who has written the song titled ‘Tujhe Bhulega Na Tera Hindustan’ which was released recently to commemorate the 20th anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas (26th July 2019). The song features Bollywood megastar Amitabh Bachchan, Olympic bronze medallist boxer Mary Kom, actors Salman Khan, Vicky Kaushal, Anupam Kher, Kangana Ranaut, and Suniel Shetty. The Kargil War was between India and Pakistan took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district and along the Line of Control (LOC) after which India launched Operation Vijay to clear the Kargil sector occupied by the Pakistani Army.