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Lala Lajpat Rai

Posted on : 25 Dec 2019

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  • Lala Lajpat Rai was a prominent nationalist leader who played an important role in India’s struggle for freedom. His fierce brand of patriotism and potent vocalism against the British rule earned him the title of ‘Punjab Kesari’ or the Lion of the Punjab.
  • He also initiated the foundation of Punjab National Bank.
  • Lala Lajpat Rai was a voracious reader and everything he read left a great imprint on his mind. He was deeply impressed by the ideals of patriotism and nationalism outlined by Italian revolutionary leader Giuseppe Mazzini. Inspired by Mazzini, Lalaji became indoctrinated into the revolutionary way of attaining freedom. He, together with other prominent leaders like Bipin Chandra Pal, Aurobindo Ghosh from Bengal, and Bal Gangadhar Tilak from Maharashtra, began to see the negative aspects of moderate politics advocated by many leaders of the Indian National Congress.
  • He went to Britain in 1914 and then to the USA in 1917. In October 1917, he founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York. He stayed in the USA from 1917 to 1920.
  • In 1920, after his return from America, Lajpat Rai was invited to preside over the special session of the Congress in Calcutta.
  • He was the first President of All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) which led the trade union movement.
  • He was initially not in favor of the policy of non-cooperation (he was against the boycott of schools) but later he supported the movement. In fact he protested against its withdrawal in 1922.
  • His proposal for "a clear partition of India into a Muslim India and non-Muslim India" on December14, 1924, in The Tribune, met with major controversy.
  • In 1928, the British government set up a commission and no Indian was named in the list. Lala Lajpat Rai led the silent march in protests and in return, British police declared a lathi charge, where Rai was assaulted and injured. He died on November 17, 1928, due to his serious injuries and his death is celebrated as Martyrs' Day in Odisha.

Article Related Questions

  1. Consider the following statements regarding Lala Lajpat Rai
    1.He founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York.
    2.He never presided over any session of the Indian National Congress.
    3.His death is celebrated as Martyr’s Day in Punjab.
    4.He proposed partition of India into a Muslim India and non-Muslim India.
    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 and 4 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.1, 3 and 4 only

    4.1, 2 and 3 only

    Right Ans : 1 and 4 only

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