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People’s participation in conservation of forests

Posted on : 15 Feb 2020

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Bishnoi movement

  • In 1731, the king of Jodhpur in Rajasthan asked one of his ministers to arrange wood for constructing a new palace. The minister and workers went to a forest near a village, inhabited by Bishnois, to cut down trees.
  • The Bishnoi community is known for its peaceful co-existence with nature. A Bishnoi woman Amrita Devi showed exemplary courage by hugging a tree and daring king’s men to cut her first before cutting the tree. Sadly, the king’s men did not heed to her pleas and cut down the tree along with Amrita Devi.
  • The Government of India has recently instituted the Amrita Devi Bishnoi Wildlife Protection Award for individuals or communities from rural areas that have shown extraordinary courage and dedication in protecting wildlife.
  • Chipko movement
  • In 1973, local women from Uttrakhand showed enormous bravery in protecting trees from the axe of contractors by hugging them.
  • SunderlalBahuguna, a noted environmentalist, initiated the Chipko Movement.
  • He is known for coining the Chipko slogan ‘ecology is permanent economy’.
  • The government of India in the 1980s has introduced the concept of Joint Forest Management (JFM) so as to work closely with the local communities for protecting and managing forests. In return for their services to the forest, the communities get benefit from various forest products (e.g., fruits, gum, rubber, medicine, etc.), and thus the forest can be conserved in a sustainable manner.

Article Related Questions

  1. History has various evidence of People’s participation in conservation of forests. In this context, consider the following statements
    1.Amrita Devi initiated the Chipko movement by protecting trees from the axe of contractors by hugging them.
    2.SunderlalBahuguna led Bishnoi movement in Rajasthan.
    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 only

    2.2 only

    3.Both 1 and 2

    4.Neither 1 nor 2

    Right Ans : Neither 1 nor 2

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