Alternative Technologies for Climate Change
The global community is facing a major problem called, “CLIMATE CHANGE”. The unpredictability and extreme conditions of climate is making an unsuitable habitat to sustain. The word climate refers to the average state of everyday’s weather over a period of 30 years. But now, it’s changing every year. The nations of the world and various organizations came forward to protect the environment and are trying to regain what we lost in the past.
Climatic Changes in India:
The best example for climate change can be explained with Chennai. The MEGA FLOOD IN CHENNAI-2016, made the city float in water but now in 2019, the residents are longing for a litre of drinking water. In case of north west (churu - Rajasthan), it is holding a record of hottest ever recorded temperatures in India this year (123.8 f) and having 32 long days of hot winds blowing.
India – a Part of Alternative Technologies:
These examples show that predicting, weather in each and every corner of India is a tough process and a common project for overall India cannot solve this. Hence the Indian government is coming up with various schemes, projects and proposals for the welfare of climate and environment. These will remove the factors that affect climate and adaptation to new climatic conditions.
National Electric Mobility Mission Plan:
The climate is majorly affected by pollutants emitted from internal combustion engine vehicles. This ambitious project of India was started in 2013 to switch from internal combustion engine to electric and hybrid engines by achieving 6-7 million sales of electric vehicles by the year 2020 onwards. Even though its aim to national fuel security, the project will considerably reduce the pollutants from vehicles and give way favour to climate and environment.
National Action Plan on Climatic Change:
This eight folded plan was initiated in 2008 to address the future policies and mission for climate mitigation and adaptation. It identifies the measures that promote our development objectives while also yielding co-benefits for tackling climatic change effectively. The mission include,
National Solar Mission:
India is in the sunny zone of the world. It receives solar energy equivalent to more than 5000 trillion KWH per year, which is far more than its annual energy consumption. If this abundant solar energy is harnessed properly, it not only solves country’s energy demand by also lowers air pollution and saves various sources that give energy to the nation. It also helps to the former mission effectively.
National Mission for “green India”:
Goals include the afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest lands and expanding forest cover from 23% to 33% of India’s territory.
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
The plan aims to support climate adaptation in agriculture through the development of climate-resilient crops, expansion of weather insurance mechanisms, and agricultural practices.
Several other milestones - missions under NAPCC are,
- National mission for enhanced energy efficiency.
- National mission on sustainable habitat.
- National water mission
- National mission for sustaining the Himalayan eco-system.
- National mission on strategic knowledge for climate change.
- Electricity act-2003
- Energy conservation act -2001.
National River Linkage:
The main climatic issue faced by India are floods during monsoons and extreme heat during peak summer simultaneously at two sides of our Nation. The dream project of APJ sir is the ultimate project to sustain our self against climatic change. The project got its base from GANGA-CAUVERY LINK CANAL project by Dr .K L. Rao (1972) and NATIONAL GARLAND CANAL scheme in 1977 by Captain Dinshaw J. Dastur. By the combination of these projects the scheme can hold up to 600-900 billion TMC of water in the canal. Through this nationalized canal we can transport water from “WATER SURPLUS” area to “WATER DEFICIENT” area. This water can help in various ways and also this canal can be used as a NATIONAL WATERWAY, which in turn makes Indian transportation eco-friendly and sustainable.
So, In conclusion it can be said that ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES can provide solutions to climatic issues in INDIA and world. CLIMATE CHANGE CANNOT BE CHANGED BY A SINGLE PLAN OR INITIATIVES, BY THE GOVERNMENT. IT SHOULD BE DONE BY INDIVIDUALS. START PLANTING PLANTS AND PROTECT OUR ENVIRONMENT.