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How digitization is strengthening Indian Democracy?


The word Digitization itself is indicating that the information is represented in the form of digits popularly known as binary code (digits 0 or 1). The information may be images, sounds, signals etc. The concept Digitization is remarkably apparent in its features of data processing, storage and transmission of information in all kinds of formats with the equivalent efficiency. It is propagating definitely by its attributes in sharing the information which is very essential in communication. It is gaining its popularity and acceptance in India.

Indian democracy which is the world's largest was created after independence in 1947. Democracy rule is mainly based on four things: 1. political system is mainly formed and representatives in the political authority are formed by the people in the form of elections. 2. Active participation of every citizen in political as well as in civic life. 3. Protection of human rights of all citizens. 4. The laws and procedures are equal to all the citizens.

Digitization, the very expensive venture was feasibly initiated in the Indian democracy through various schemes by our honourable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi for radical changes in the society. The schemes include Digital India Programme and Start Up India. The programmes commenced its journey with a vision of digitally empowering society and knowledge economy. The projects under this are totally accessible by the people, for delivering services sensibly to the people and predominantly citizen-centric in its manner.

The programme is highly concentrated to robust electronics manufacturing sectors. 31 mission mode projects are integrated under this schedule to access, manufacture and successful implementation in the society. Consistently domains are introduced for accessing the projects. The vision of the programme is:

  1. Digital infrastructure utilized by every citizen
  2. E - Governance
  3. Digital empowerment of citizens

The scope provided by the digitization programme is enhancing the use of integrated and interoperable systems and deployment of emerging techniques like cloud computing and mobile access by the citizens. Public private partnerships are essentially preferred in implementing these procedures.

The programme includes projects like:

  1. Digi-locker - This system enables storing and sharing documents through agencies digitally and authentication ensured under online process avoiding physical paper documents.
  2. Mygov.in - This website was launched for sharing grievances, suggested measures to be taken for the growth in all the sectors. This is formulated such that even a common man may participate actively in the discussion with the ministers in implementing any laws or procedures in the society.
  3. Swachh Bharat Mission - For Clean and hygienic India
  4. E-sign framework where an individual can sign digitally using his/her Aadhar authentication.
  5. National scholarship portal - where a student can use it for application, verification and disbursal.
  6. Bharat Net - High speed digital highway project integrated to this project mainly to connect Gram panchayats in 2, 50,000 villages.
  7. Online registration system mainly for e-hospital services - where a patient can register online for appointment, consultation etc.
  8. DeitY introduced digitize India platform for accessing all services by the citizens.
  9. Next generation network - BSNL injected this project for the implementation of programme.
  10. Skill development programme - under which an individual will be gaining knowledge necessary for 21st century, to design, secure and maintain computer networks and procedures of delivering cloud computing delivering services.

This is a promising initiative and exemplary of Indian government considering all rural and urban areas. The very innovative platform between government and citizens inspired several organizations and announced their active participation. Cisco announced to invest 60million US dollars directly or indirectly over next 5 years for this mission. The Reliance invested about 2.5 lakh crore for the successful implementation of this mission. For development of Indian economy, July 1st to July 7th is followed as Digital week to boost the programme. Bharat broadband network limited is also participating in crucial role in implementing these strategies.

The 9 pillars under this programme are fostering the economic development in our country. They are: Broadband highways, universal access to mobile phones, public internet access programs, e - governance, e - kranthi, information for all, electronics manufacturing target - Net zero imports, IT for jobs and early-harvest programs. Undoubtedly the implementation of digital mission projects and programmes are strengthening our Indian democracy and making country as 'DIGTAL INDIA'.

- G KEERTHI PRIYA