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India both geographically and demographically is a vast country, which makes it quite easy for the terrorists from outside and inside the territory of India to operate with ease. Moreover, this being the vary reasons for the inability of security agencies of the country to act against such terrorist activities effectively. The terrorist attack of 26/11 in Mumbai further revealed the deficiencies in our counter-terrorism architecture in terms of inadequate intelligence and lack of coordinated follow up action even on the intelligence that was available. Consequently, a year after the 2008 terrorist attacks, home minister Mr. P Chidambaram while speaking at the Centenary Endowment Lecture of the IB on December 23, 2009, underlined the need to set up two new organizations- the National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) and the NCTC.
It took over two years for the NCTC proposal to finally get the Cabinet Committee on security nod and was decided to start appointments of directors and core team of officials by March 31, 2012 so that the agency can start working from 2013. The NCTC proposal was pending for long as different ministries like Defence and Finance had expressed some reservations over its proposed power and function. Moreover, different states also registered their protest against some of the powers of the NCTC like, provisions, which made possible for its functionaries to "arrest anybody" and to "operate in any state". According to Chief Ministers of the states of Tripura, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal, these provisions will disturb the federal structure of the states. Moreover, they said that the anti-terror body was too overbearing and not in line with the federal structure. Apart from these states, Punjab and Gujarat opposed outright the concept of a dedicated counter-terror body like NCTC.
- Raj Cham