Naxalism started in the year 1967 in the small village of Naxalbari of West Bengal.It was the small and localised movement of peasants of the village against the suppressin of local landlords of the region.The poor farmers and tribes were not satisfied with the local land system and were exploited with the hands of local landlords.The initials leaders were Charu Majumar and Kanu Sanyal.
Today when we think about naxalism it comes to our mind that the movement with was local once has engulfed aboout 2/3 part of Indian states .The movement has become armed struugles in present day and it has not been limilted to local area but it is affecting the whole India .Nearly 2/3 of Indian forest cover are under naxals control.The area from the Andhra Pradesh ,Madhya Pradesh ,Chattisgarh,Orrisa,Bihar,West Bengal,and some parts of Uttar Pradesh even are affected by naxals.The area is known as Red Corriodor .
The rise of naxalism is not a few years phenomnon.It was a gradual movement.Many reasons have led to the growth of naxalism such as local exploitation ,not useful government policies ,dissatisfied local population,extreme poverty,continous arms smuglling and even brain washing of the local poor peoples against the government of India.Today we hear in the news channel that every now and then there is encounter between naxals and security forces.Dantewada incident of killing 75 CRPF personnels by naxals is the black day in the country.There have been many incidents such from sukma to dantewada to palamu in jharkhand.
The main point is to think that why the peope of same country are fighitng against the security forces of their own nations.The security forces which should be ideally invloved to protect their citizens are deployed to kill their own people.What can be more concerning for the nation whose prime minister had to say that naxalism is the gravest threat to the innternal security of the country.If we ponder on the issue we will realise that if the issue had been solved and dealt seriuosly at the beginning itself the case would not have been so grave as today.The ignorance on the pat of government agencies and exploitation of locals have led to the naxals growth.The rise of naxals is because they have and edge of fighting in their locality in their forest known area where police are not too habitual to fight.Few reasons for growth in naxalism are….
The CRPF personnel who are fighting against naxals find it very difficult to fight in the jungles which is known to the naxals .Naxals are always at upper hand when they fight in junlges.It is found and reported in many newspaper that low morale of security forces is also affecting fighting capabilites .There is huge work pressure and living conditions are not upto standard level which affects morale of forces.Barrack conditions and even toilet are not sufficient.In the junlges they suffer from other adversaries such as malaria.It has been noted that police and CRPF personnel remain sick because of the malaria effect.Local intelligence is not strong and many times it has led to heavy casualities to the forces which in turn affect their morale.It has also been noted that one member of family is in police and other is naxal so it affects intelligence gathering.
Naxals are our people who against our forces.There is somewhere dissatisfaction among them about government policies and their nature of effects.Less development in the area and continous poverty has uprooted the faith of naxals from the government.So they resort to join naxalism where it has been found that they are even paid amount of Rs 5000 and they get food and local protection for their families.
Rise of naxalism is also because they are supplied with continous arms and ammunitions.The porous borders of eastern India and even support neighbouring nations is the reason for growth in naxalism.
In the end the government is taking steps to counter it.such as dvelopment projects have been started and specialsed security of COBRA has been formed.Both development and anti naxals operations are going hand in hand.
- Sudhir Kumar Yadav