India is a hinterland country. As a result, it is surrounded by water from three sides. Moreover, it is the meeting ground of many water bodies specially originating from the Himalayas like the mighty river Brahmaputra, Ganga to name a few. The country India which boast of its ancient Indus Valley Civilization originated around the river Sindhu of the ancient Indian sub-continent. Moreover as in other parts of the world as also in the case of most of Indian cities trade and commerce flourished and prospered around our water bodies. So it would not be an exaggeration to say that Indians epicenter of life revolves around the availability of water.
Among God's various natural gifts water is most serene. So our countrymen's life and to a large extent their livelihood depends upon water. Moreover in a naturally serene country like ours the balance between nature and natural being is maintained to a large extent by water. Moreover our various water bodies acts as the inter-state and intra-state boundary. Here we can cite the example of Cauvery River which joins one part of Tamil Nadu with other parts of Karnataka. It is not only within states but also with our neighboring countries that rivers like Brahmaputra between India and China and Indus River between India and Pakistan that has acted as natural gifts for various trade and commerce between these neighboring countries.
In this world, water acts as the catalyst of life for not only human beings but also for various flora and fauna. In the long run, the combination of we, the human beings and our flora and fauna yields to food, fodder and forest of this world. Thus harmony of life on our planet depends upon the availability of water. Coming specifically to our country India we can say that ours is an agrarian country. As preached by Mahatma Gandhi – "India lives in its villages" and the main source of livelihood for our rural population is agriculture and agricultural activities. Still in this 21st Century, we can rightly say that – "Indian agriculture is a gamble in the Monsoon Factor". The productivity from agriculture is directly proportionate to the availability of water. For water, in this 21st century are to a large extent depends on Monsoon. We have as a country has not been able to make much headway in providing water in the agricultural fields by artificially induced irrigation measures, which have tilted our balance towards the dependence on Monsoon for supply of water. Here I would like to cite the instances of mass suicide by farmers in various parts of our country due to bad monsoon and as a result of unavailability of water.
In the recently concluded Delhi Legislative Election, water and it's varied use, whether for agriculture, drinking or industry etc was the main poll-plank for Aam Admi Party (AAP), as it capitalized on water crisis in Delhi and vis-à-vis AAP's promise to provide it to the public. The result of election which gave 67 out of 70 seats for AAP proves the gravity of water crisis in not only Delhi but also for the rest of the country in the long run. So, I think it is the transition time from caste-based politics to the politics of water in our country. In the times to come, I think water crisis and availability of water for the masses is going to take the centre stage of politics in our country. I think, it is the right time to ponder about the fact of water crisis in our country and how to overcome the Monsoon factor in India. Here are some measures:-