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Write short notes following agricultural schemes initiated by PM Modi's government; i) Kisan vikas patra ii) Krishi Ambani Bima Yojna iii) Garam Sinachi Yojna iv) Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojna v) Soil Health Card Scheme vi) Deen Dayal Upadhya Gramen Kaushlya Yojna

As you all know there are multifarious schemes implemented by our PM Modi’s Govt in many different sectors of the society. These schemes/projects are not fully successful as desired but will be successful if implemented correctly. Some scheme benefitted the farmers, some helped the poor and some helped the working and retired people. Here are some agricultural schemes initiated by our Govt. for the welfare of the farmers:-

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1. Kisan Vikas Patra --:

This is a saving certificate scheme which was launched in 1988 by Indian Post. It was successful in early months but afterwards a committee was set up under the supervision of Shayamla Gopinath (presently chairman of HDFC Bank) by the Government of India. It was closed in 2011 after the recommendation that it can be misused due to its flexibility and know-your-customer (KYC) requirement. However, the new Government re-launched it in 2014. It favours and meets the requirement of some farmers and it should be available to each and every farmer and they should be benefitted.

2. Krishi Ambani Bima Yojna --:

The Govt. of India shall introduce this scheme so that if the crop of a farmer gets destroyed due to any reason they don’t bear the financial burden. It would be a successful scheme but it would also experience huge losses as they wouldn’t pay for it. They wouldn’t have any problem and they will work and this will help in ending the suicides.

3. Gram Sinchai Yojna --:

Also known as Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) is a national mission to ensure better utilization and to improve farm productivity in the country. A budget of ₹500 billion in a time span of five years has been allocated to this scheme. The decision was taken on 1st July 2015 at the meeting of Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), which in turn was headed by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi. The primary aim is to attract investments in irrigation system at field level, development and expand cultivable land in the country, enhance ranch water use in order to minimize wastage of water, enhance crop per drop by implementing water saving technologies and precision irrigation. The plan additionally calls for bringing ministries, offices, organizations, research and financial institutions occupied with creation and recycling of water under one platform so that an exhaustive and holistic outlook of the whole water cycle is considered. The goal is to open the doors for optimal water budgeting in all sectors.

4. Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojna (SAGY) --:

It is a rural development programme which broadly focuses on the development in the villages for the poor and farmers which includes social development, cultural development and spread motivation among the people on the social mobilization of the village community. This programme was launched on 11 October 2014 by The Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi on the birth anniversary of Jayaprakash Narayan. The feature that distinct in from other is that this programme is (a) demand driven (b) inspired by society (c) based on people’s participation. The best strategy of this programme is that it empowers the Gram Panchayat’s and people’s institution with them. This scheme would be successful if implemented whole across the country with proper maintenance.

5. Soil Health Card Scheme --:

This scheme/program was launched by the Govt. of India in February 2015. Under this scheme, the Govt. plans to issue soil cards to the farmers according to their needs and crop wise and nutrients and fertilisers would be given in accordance of their crop. This will help them to increase their crop production and use manure, fertilisers judiciously. There will be special measures for the soil to increase the soil production. The Govt. plans to issue these soil cards to 14 crore farmers. An amount of ₹ 568 crore was allocated by the Govt. for the scheme. In 2016 Union budget of India ₹100 crore has been allocated to the states for making of the soil health cards and to set up labs.

6. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Garmin Kaushlya Yojna (DDU-GKY -:

It is a Government of India youth employment scheme. It was launched by Union Minister Nitin Gadkari and Venkaiah Naidu on the occasion of 98th birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya on 25th September 2014. It aims to target youth, under the age group of 15-35 years. A corpus of Rs 1,500 crore and is aimed at enhancing the employability of rural youth. Under this programme, disbursements would be made through a digital voucher directly into the student’s bank account as part of the government’s skill development initiative. In my opinion these schemes/yojanas are a good for the farmers and they will reduce the deaths of farmers and these will support them at their best. There on will be more people engaged in agriculture and production will be increased as they would be provided with many more facilities.

- Rudresh Bodwal