Political Science Syllabus for Main Examination
Political Theory and Indian Politics
meaning and ap-proaches
2.Theories of the state:
Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and
Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl's theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
Social, political and economic;relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy â€“ representative, participatory and
7.Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
9.Indian Political Thought:
Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions ; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, S r i
Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar,M.N. Roy .
10.Western Political Thought :
Plato ,Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John,S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.
Indian Government and politics
- Political Strategies of India's Freedom struggle : constitutionalism to mass
Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience ; millitant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers' movements.
- Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.
Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights
and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
- Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
- Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working
of the Executive, Legislature and High
Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj
and Municipal Government; significance
of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot
Statutory Inst i tut ions/Commissions:
Election Commission, Comptroller and
Auditor General, Finance Commission,
Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes,
National Comission for scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women;
National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National
Backward Classes Commission.
Federalism: Constitutional provisions;
changing nature of centre-state relations;
integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
Planning and Economic Development :
Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role
of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations;
liberalilzation and economic reforms.
Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian
Party System: National and regional
political parties, ideological and social
bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral
behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
Social Movements: Civil liberties and
human rights movements; women's movements; environmentalist movements
Comparative Politics and InternationalRelations
Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:
Comparative Politics: Nature and major
approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of
the comparative method.
State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State
in capitalist and socialist economies, and,
advanced industrial and developing societies.
Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups
and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.
Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.
Approaches to the Study of International
Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
Key concepts in International Relations:
National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational
actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.
Changing International Political Order:
- Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
- Non-al igned movement : Aims and
- Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
Evolution of the International Economic
System: From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council
for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third
World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world
United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims
and functioning; need for UN reforms.
Regionalisation of World Politics: EU,
ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
India and the World:
Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of
foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
India's Contribution to the Non-Alignment
Movement: Different phases; current role
India and South Asia:
- Regional Co-operation: SAARC â€“ past
performance and future prospects.
- South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
- India's "Look East" policy.
- Impediments to regional co-operation:
river water disputes; illegal cross-border
migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.
India and the Global South: Relations
with Africa and Latin America; leadership
role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
India and the Global Centres of Power:
USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
India and the UN System: Role in UN
Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent
Seat in the Security Council.
India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.
Recent developments in Indian Foreign
policy: India's position on the recent crisis
in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a
new world order.