Public Administration Syllabus for UPSC Main Examination
PAPER - I
Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration; Wilson's vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and its present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation , Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management.
2. Administrative Thought:
Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory;
Weber's bureaucratic model – its critique
and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett);
Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and
others); Functions of the Executive (C.I.
Barnard); Simon's decision-making theory;
Participative Management (R. Likert, C.
Argyris, D. McGregor).
3. Administrative Behaviour:
Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation
Theories – content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional
Theories – systems, contingency; Structure
and forms: Ministries and Departments,
Corporations, Companies, Boards and
Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships;
Regulatory Authorities; Public - Private
5. Accountability and control:Concepts of accountability and control;
Legislative, Executive and Judicial control
over administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations ; Civil society;
Citizen's Charters; Right to Information;
6. Administrative Law:
Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey
on Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.
7. Comparative Public Administration:
Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration
and politics in different countries; Current
status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian
models and their critique.
8. Development Dynamics:
Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; 'Antidevelopment thesis'; Bureaucracy and
development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalisation on administration in developing countries;
Women and development - the self-help
9. Personnel Administration:
Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion,
pay and service conditions; employer-employee relations, grievance redressal
mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.
10. Public Policy:
Models of policy-making and their critique;
Processes of conceptualisation, planning,
implementation, monitoring, evaluation
and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.
11. Techniques of Administrative Improvement:
Organisation and methods, Work study and
work management; e-governance and information technology; Management aid
tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.
12. Financial Administration:
Monetary and fiscal policies; Public borrowings and public debt Budgets - types
and forms; Budgetary process; Financial
accountability; Accounts and audit.
PAPER - II
1. Evolution of Indian Administration:
Kautilya's Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and
administration - Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self-government.
2. Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government:
Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and
3. Public Sector Undertakings:
Public sector in modern India; Forms of
Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of
autonomy, accountability and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization.
4. Union Government and Administration:
Executive, Parliament, Judiciary - structure,
functions, work processes; Recent trends;
Intragovernmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister's Office; Central
Secretariat; Ministries and Departments;
Boards; Commissions; Attached offices;
5. Plans and Priorities:
Machinery of planning; Role, composition
and functions of the Planning Commission
and the National Development Council;
'Indicative' planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.
6. State Government and Administration:
Union-State administrative, legislative and
financial relations; Role of the Finance
Commission; Governor; Chief Minister;
Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State
7. District Administration since Independence:
Changing role of the Collector; Unionstate-local relations; Imperatives of development management and law and order administration; District administration
and democratic decentralization.
8. Civil Services:
Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building; Good
governance initiatives; Code of conduct and
discipline; Staff associations; Political rights;
Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.
9. Financial Management:
Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role
of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal
area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role
of Controller General of Accounts and
Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
10. Administrative Reforms since Independence:
Major concerns; Important Committees and
Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human resource development; Problems of implementation.
11. Rural Development:
Institutions and agencies since independence; Rural development programmes:
foci and strategies; Decentralization and
Panchayati Raj;73rd Constitutional
12. Urban Local Government:
Municipal governance: main features,
structures, finance and problem areas;
74th Constitutional Amendment; Globallocal debate; New localism; Development
dynamics, politics and administration with
special reference to city management.
13. Law and Order Administration:
British legacy; National Police Commission;
Investigative agencies; Role of central and
state agencies including paramilitary forces
in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; Criminalisation of politics and administration; Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.
14. Significant issues in Indian Administration:
Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster management.