Domestic violence, how can we control it?

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Bride beheaded for dowry", "School going child dies due to injuries after being beaten up by father", "A seventy-year-old man was killed in a property dispute", "Men in Chandigarh Harassment of… ”.All this and nothing, randomly turn to any newspaper and you will get news of such violence all over the country. All these are what we come to know through various forms of media. There are more such cases which go on without a license every day. In fact, include cases that we do ourselves or that we see in the neighborhood, but hesitate to take a single step to reduce their incidence.

Effect of domestic violence in society:

Domestic violence is present in almost every society in the world. The term can be classified on various grounds. Violence against spouse, children or the elderly is just a few of the most commonly encountered cases. There are different types of tactics adopted by the attacker against the victim. Physical abuse, emotional abuse, psychological abuse or deprivation, economic deprivation / exploitation etc., are the most common types of abuses faced by victims.

Domestic violence is not only a problem of developing or developed countries. It is also very prevalent in developed countries. Domestic violence is a reflection of our pseudo-civilized society. Violence has no place in a civilized world. But the number of cases that occur each year raise a high alarm. And this is not the whole picture, as; Most cases go unregistered or unnoticed in everyday life. This is a very dangerous trend in our society and it has to be dealt with by iron hands.

Violence is breaking out in our society. It is present almost everywhere and somewhere this explosion is just behind the doors of our houses. Behind closed doors of homes across our country, people are being tortured, beaten and killed. It is also happening in rural areas, towns, cities and metros. It is crossing all social classes, gender, racial lines and age groups. It is becoming a legacy from one generation to another.

Major causes of domestic violence:

Patriarchy is more important in upbringing, so girl is considered weak and boy is courageous. Girl freedom is crushed in the early stages of life. Major causes of domestic violence are considered as

1. Lack of egalitarian education system.

2. To doubt the character of a woman.

3. Alcohol Addiction.

4. Impact of electronic media.

5. Preventing women from becoming self-supporting.

Domestic violence has physical, mental and emotional effects on women and children. This has an impact on women's work and decision making ability. The direct impact of this violence can also be seen in the family on mutual relations and on neighbors and children. Domestic violence, death, and suicide have increased due to domestic violence. The trend of prostitution has also increased for the same reason. Public participation of women is hindered. The work capacity of women decreases, and at the same time it is also scared. As a result, the harassed woman becomes a mental patient who sometimes reaches the point of insanity. Second class status is established in the victim's home.

Steps to control domestic violence:

Physical, financial, mental abuse and sexual violence with women in the family comes under the purview of domestic violence. Doing so is a punishable offense under the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005. Any wife, daughter, mother or female friend living without marriage can pray to the court to get an order of protection as per this law.

Main provisions of the Act If a woman is a victim of domestic violence - Get information from the Protection Officer about the assistance and relief under the Act; One can apply to the Magistrate for the following assistance -

A. Order for Protection (Section-18)

B. Order to reside in common house (Section-19)

C. Financial Assistance (Section-20)

D. Order of custody (Section-21)

E. Compensation / compensation order (Section-22)

Domestic violence complaints will be known as "domestic violence incident reports"; Assistance may be sought from the police or conservation officer to guard against any danger; The court may prevent the accused / accused from selling the house where the woman also resides; Accusers can also be prevented from going to or near the house where the woman is staying; Protection can be given to the victim's children; The victim woman has the right to take female money, jewelery, clothing and daily use items.


One in ten American women will be raped by an intimate partner in their lifetime, and intimate partners, usually men, are responsible for one-third of all murders of women. Most research on domestic violence focuses on victims, but what about the abusers? New studies have exposed why abusers behave as they do and revealed ways to identify them. Identification of perpetrators, heightened awareness of abuse, and giving women lifelines to get out of dangerous situations are all key to ending domestic violence.

-Himangshu Sarmah

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