Future Of Petrol after Electric cars and the subsequent Geopolitical changes

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Since the onset of the 21 st Century, a great emphasis is made on the policies
dealing with environment protection and Sustainable Development. To give this
concern a more concrete platform, many treaties and alliances have been signed
by various global powers as a step towards environment conservation like the
Earth Summit and Paris Agreement. The most stirring issue out of this is
'Replacing the fossil fuels by Renewable Sources Of Energy as an automobile fuel'.

Petrol has been one of the most vital resource since its discovery, many great
conflicts, treaties and ceasefires has been issued between the countries because
of Petrol and Oil. In recent years, all the governments have agreed onto the use of
Electric cars so as to minimize the dependency on petrol and control the green
house emissions. Various governments including the Govt. Of India has launched
subsidy schemes so as to promote the use of electric cars by 2035.

However, as the world shifts to more efficient resources, the importance of Petrol
on the global front will drastically decrease since it's use will be limited only to
manufacturing of asphalt and petro-chemicals. The countries of the Middle and
Near East will suffer economically as their economies were largely dependent on
the Petrol and Oil trade for near about a century. The richness of the middle east
countries was brought by the trade of petrol and oil and hence the Gulf countries
will lose their prominence on the world stage in terms of trade and resources. As
an alternative source of income to save and revive their economy, the countries
of middle east who earlier used to depend on Petrol and fossils will need to shift
to either Service Based Economy or Agriculture Based Economy.
Another geopolitical aspect which will get affected is that, the region in and
around the Middle East Countries will get more stabilized as there will be no

internal instability of the power as well as no threat of foreign invasion. Majority
of the wars fought in Middle East throughout the 20 th century had Petrol as its
epicentre. Every country then, in order to secure the continuous supply and
access to petroleum would invade a resource rich country and take over its
lucrative reserves of oil and petrol. The world has witnessed many such wars like
the Iran-Iraq war, Iraq's occupation of the Kuwait and the Iraq war.
The special treatment received by this countries having oil and petroleum
reserves will also end as the world will move towards more sustainable use of
energy resource. Political stability in the countries of the region will be ensured as
there will be no more military coups, overthrowing of democratically elected
governments and detaining of the political prisoners.

The major global superpowers have been making alliances with the countries in
order to secure the Petrol supply so as to avoid the sudden increase in the price
of the essential commodity which fuels the automobiles. The decrease in
importance of Petrol will thus lead to drop in number of illegal activities like
funding of terrorism, selling of arms and revolutionary, anti-government
movements. The USA has been the largest exporter of arms to the middle east
countries who then themselves fight for securing more Oil and petroleum
reserves and cause loss of life and property.
There are accounts of attack on schools and hospitals in Yemen, Saudi and Iraq.
This anti-social activities will come to halt once the prominence of these countries
will decrease with decreasing importance of Petrol.
Thus, a shift of the automobiles from Petrol to Electricity as their fuel will lead to
sudden rise in tensions among the middle east countries but it will eventually
become subtle and hence peace will be maintained in the adjoining regions as
well as on the global front.

-Nirmit Patil

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