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Class System

It is a system of stratification on the basis of education, etc, Karl Max- 'Man is a class animal' i.e. his status age, education etc are not same in the society property – capitalist & the poor – the haves & the have notes.

Education Illiterate & literate

Business or occupation-farmers,clerk officers, industrialists etc.
In general, class consciousness is a must in the class system. There must be the we feeling. The charade of in group given by summer is found in the class system summer – I belong ? identifying oneself in a particular group or family. The behavior of a person is fixed due to their class consciousness. Trade union is a result of class consciousness. These is feeling of superiority & inferiority in class syst. The higher has the feeling superiority & the lower class feels inferior. In these classes too there is sub classes as Upper Open class, middle upper class, lower upper class; lower middle class, middle class; upper lower class, middle lower class, to lower2 class. Class system is open in character. Because it is based on a variety of things like age, sex etc. Also one can change one's less easily. The people of lower class may enter the upper class & those of the upper class may become members of the lower class.

Definition Of Class

P.Gisbert - "A social class is a category or group of persons having a definite status in society which permanently determines their relation to other group – feeling of superiority & inferiorities. The relative position of the class in the social scale arises from the degree of prestige attached to the status.

Mac Iver & Page - "A social class is any portion of community marked off the from the rest by social status 'Ongburn & Nimk off. A social class is the aggregate of persons having essentially the same social status in a given society." i.e. a class consciousness.

Max weber – held that "classes are aggregate of individuals who have the same opportunities of acquiring goods. The same exhibited standard of lining.

Hoebal defines "A social class is a group within a society, whose members hold a no. of distinctive status in common & who trough the operation of roles associated with these status, develop are awareness of the life interest as against the unlike trait & interest of other groups."

In general "A social class consists of group of individuals who are ranked by the members of the community in socially superior inferior position."

Characteristics of class system:

  1. Class system is based on occupation, wealth, education, age, sex
  2. Hierarchy of status group. In general there are 3 class – upper middle & tower. Status, prestige & role is attached. Upper class are less in no in comparison to the other two whereas their status & prestige is most. This is like a pyramid. Karl max (Rich & poor) preliterate &
  3. Feeling of superiority & inferiority. In these 3 classes there are such feelings the upper class people feel they are superior to the other two whereas the lower class feels it is inferior to the upper class.
  4. Class consciousness – wherever a class is formed this feeling a consciousness is a must. There should be feeling of in group i.e. I belong class conflict is due to this the people of the preliterate class feel the upper class exploits them their they unite revolt. The behavior action is determined by this class consciousness.
  5. Sub-classes, class is divided into different groups. Similar to caste system, the class system is divided.
  6. Class system is an open system.
  7. There's social restriction in this too. In general there is endogamy in a class. To maintain their status & position they mix among themselves & it is seldom that marriage between upper & lower class is wished. Distinction between Caste & class. They are the two phenomena of social stratification (Stratification is division of society on the basis of birth).





Based on birth

Birth, educ. Wealth etc.


In general there are 3000 castes & sub-castes in India.

Whereas class has subclasses (based on different things)


Define class syst. Discuss its character



Distinguish between Caste & class



Caste & class there are the 2 phenomena of social stratification. How?



Caste is a closed class. Discuss.


Caste is a closed group whereas Class is an open system. Even Sanskritisation is unable to change caste whereas class can be changed quiet easily.
Caste System. Caste is hereditary but there is no such thing in class. A child of Brahmin will always be a Brahmin but not so in class.
Status is inborn and ascribed in Caste System whereas in class system, it is acquired & achieved.

  1. Define social stratification? How can you stratify society on the basis of birth?
  2. What is Caste System Describe the character of the Caste System
  3. What are the factors that had to change in the rigid characteristics of the caste system.
  4. Define Caste System? In caste character into class comment.