Sociology is to study about social activities, action and about society. The other social sciences study a particular aspect of the society but sociology studies all aspects i.e. society as whole.
What is Sociology?
It is a subject of social science. It has been coined by Augste Comte in 1839 as a separate discipline and so he is called the father of Sociology. He was a French Philosopher and used this term first time in his book Positive Philosophy. He used it as 'Social Philosophy" in 1838 but in 1939 he used Sociology.
The study of Sociology as a separate discipline to study society as a whole spread slowly to all countries. In 1876 it started in United States as a separate discipline.
1889 - France
1907 - Great Britain
1919 - India – it started hereafter World War I in the University of Bombay. After that it spread in other universities in 1930.
1924 - Poland
1925 - Egypt and Mexico
1947 - Sweden
It is the youngest of the social sciences. This term has been derived from two words i.e. Societies and logos. The 1st is Latin and the 2nd Greek. The 1st means society and logos means study or science. As a result sociology is the science or study of society.
Why there was a need to start Sociology?
Before this there were many social sciences which studied about society but they only studied a particular aspect i.e. from different angles or point of view. A need to study society as a whole arose and this is when Augste Comte used this term.
The term sociology has been criticized by J.S. Mill. It should be called Ethnology (to study of social behavior). Hurbert Spencer supported the term sociology and did not quite agree with J.S. Mill.
Aristotle – 'Man is a social animal" and he is bound to live in society. Both necessity and nature impels man to live in society. Man is by nature social. At birth a human is a plastic and pliable identity.
When we live in society we interact with each other and we have different relationships with different people. Sociology tells us about the type of relationship we should have with others. As a social being we have relationship with the economic, psychological or political aspect.
Define Sociology: (Nature of sociology)
It is very difficult to define sociology because it studies society as a whole but our society is on the wheel of change and our behavior, society estimate many sociology in different ways according to their views.
Auguste Comte is called the father of sociology because he was the 1st man who sought to establish a science which would embrace the totality of human life and activities. He is the 1st French Philosopher used this term in 1839. According to Comte and other thinkers ignorance about society is the root of all social evil and he believed that knowledge about society. Obtained by scientific method would make possible the develop of a good society and he predicted that man would become the master of his social destiny as soon as he develops a science of society. He said that the science of society should be studied through scientific methods i.e. it should be observed, examined, classified and so on.