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Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019

Posted on : 16 Dec 2019

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  • The Union Cabinet has cleared the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill that seeks to grant citizenship to non-Muslim refugees from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan if they faced religious persecution there.
  • The Act amends the Citizenship Act, 1955, in order to grant Indian nationality to Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians who come to India after facing religious persecution in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • The Act doesn't spell it out clearly, but the fact that it entitles Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians facing religious persecution in the three nations, to seek Indian citizenship, highlights the exclusion of Muslims.
  • This amendment is of the Citizenship Act, 1955 which requires the applicant to have resided in India for 11 of the previous 14 years. The amendment relaxes this requirement from 11 years to six years, for Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians from the three nations.
  • The Act clarifies that the proposed amendments on citizenship to the specified class of illegal migrants will not apply to certain areas.  These are:
  • (i) the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Tripura, as included in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution, and
  • (ii) the states regulated by the “Inner Line” permit under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations 1873.
  • These Sixth Schedule tribal areas include Karbi Anglong (in Assam), Garo Hills (in Meghalaya), Chakma District (in Mizoram), and Tripura Tribal Areas District. 
  • Further, the Inner Line Permit regulates visit of all persons, including Indian citizens, to Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Nagaland.

Article Related Questions

  1. With reference to Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019, consider the following statement
    1.It seeks to grant citizenship to non-Muslim refugees from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan only.
    2.The amendment relaxes the requirement to have resided in India from 11 years to six years.
    Which of the following statement is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 only

    2.2 only

    3.Both 1 and 2

    4.Neither 1 nor 2

    Right Ans : Both 1 and 2

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