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10 more wetlands to sites protected by the Ramsar Convention

Posted on : 27 Feb 2020

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  • The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and wise use of wetlands.
  • It is named after the Iranian city of Ramsar, on the Caspian Sea, where the treaty was signed on 2 February 1971.
  • Known officially as ‘the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat’ (or, more recently, just ‘the Convention on Wetlands’), it came into force in 1975.
  • The aim of the Ramsar list is to develop and maintain an international network of wetlands which are important for the conservation of global biological diversity and for sustaining human life through the maintenance of their ecosystem components, processes and benefits. 
  • The convention entered into force in India on 1 February 1982.
  • Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the Ramsar list, which are facing immediate challenges.
  • The listed sites are threatened by changes that affect their ecosystem components, processes, benefits and services which characterise the said wetland at a given point in time.
  • In India, a total of 37 sites have been recognised under the international treaty. Wetlands declared as Ramsar sites are protected under strict guidelines.
  • India’s two wetlands find a place in the Montreux Record. They are:
    • Keoladeo National Park, in Rajasthan, was designated a Ramsar site in 1981 and listed in the Montreux Record in 1990.
    • Loktak Lake in Manipur was declared a Ramsar site in 1990 and indexed in the Montreux Record in 1993.

Article Related Questions

  1. In a positive development, India has added 10 more wetlands to sites protected by the Ramsar Convention. With reference to the above statement, consider the following statements:
    1.The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and wise use of wetlands.
    2.In India, 42 sites have been recognised under the international treaty.
    3.Keoladeo National Park is indexed in the Montreux Record.
    4.The convention entered into force in India in 1996.
    Which of the above statements(s) is/are NOT correct?

  2. 1.1, 2 and 3 only

    2.1 and 3 only

    3.2 and 4 only

    4.None of these

    Right Ans : 2 and 4 only

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