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Antimicrobial Resistance

Posted on : 03 Jan 2020

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  • AMR is a global public health threat, according to the World Health Organization.
  • Misuse of antibiotics in humans, animals, and aquaculture contributes to AMR.
  • Poor management of waste from farms, factories, healthcare settings and households also adds to the problem.
  • If there is no timely containment, AMR is likely to cause nearly 10 million deaths by 2050 and result in significant global economic losses.
  • According to World Health Organisation (WHO) AMR is “the ability of a microorganism (like bacteria, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarial) from working against it. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others.”
  •  One of the sources of antibiotic resistance development is the presence of antibiotics in the environment, which generates foci of resistant bacteria through bacterial exposure to antibiotics.
  • Recently, Madhya Pradesh has become the second state after Kerala to develop an action plan to manage antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

Article Related Questions

  1. Consider the following states regarding Antimicrobial Resistance
    1.According to WHO, AMR is a global health threat.
    2.In India Madhya Pradesh and Kerala have developed an action plan to manage antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
    Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 only

    2.2 only

    3.Both 1 and 2

    4.Neither 1 nor 2

    Right Ans : Both 1 and 2


  3. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains


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