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Asiatic Lion, Greater One-horned Rhino, Double-Humped Camel

Posted on : 18 Jan 2020

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  • Asiatic lions are slightly smaller than African lions.
  • The most striking morphological character, which is always seen in Asiatic lions, and rarely in African lions, is a longitudinal fold of skin running along its belly.
  • Asiatic lions were once distributed upto the state of West Bengal in east and Rewa in Madhya Pradesh, in central India. At present Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is the only abode of the Asiatic lion. The last surviving population of the Asiatic lions is a compact tract of dry deciduous forest and open grassy scrublands in southwestern part of Saurashtra region of Gujarat.
  • It is listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, in Appendix I of CITES and as Endangered on IUCN Red List.

 

Greater One-horned Rhino

  • The greater one-horned rhino (or “Indian rhino”) is the largest of the rhino species. Once widespread across the entire northern part of the Indian sub-continent, rhino populations plummeted as they were hunted for sport or killed as agricultural pests.
  • This pushed the species very close to extinction and by the start of the 20th century; around 200 wild greater one-horned rhinos remained.
  • They primarily graze, with a diet consisting almost entirely of grasses as well as leaves, branches of shrubs and trees, fruit, and aquatic plants.
  • It is classified as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
  • The Great one horned rhino is commonly found in Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan and in Assam, India. It is confined to the tall grasslands and forests in the foothills of the Himalayas.

 

Double-Humped Camel

  • Bactrian camels have two humps rather than the single hump of their Arabian relatives. The humps function the same way—storing fat which can be converted to water and energy when sustenance is not available. These humps give camels their legendary ability to endure long periods of travel without water, even in harsh desert conditions. As their fat is depleted, the humps become floppy and flabby.
  • Bactrian camels live not in shifting Sahara sands but in Central and East Asia's rocky deserts.
  • The Bactrian camel first appeared in Ladakh in the 1870s. These camels were brought along by travelers and traders from Yarkand in Xinjiang province of modern-day China. They are exclusively found in the Nubra Valley of Ladakh in India.

Article Related Questions

  1. Consider the following statements
    1.The last surviving population of the Asiatic lions is a compact tract of dry deciduous forest and open grassy scrublands in southwestern Gujarat.
    2.Indian Rhino is smallest of all the rhino species.
    3.Bactrian Camels are exclusively found in India only.
    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 only

    2.2 only

    3.1 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1 only


  3. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains


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