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Battle of Plassey

Posted on : 08 Feb 2020

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  • The officials of the Company made rampant misuse of its trade privileges that adversely affected the Nawab’s finances. The English fortified Calcutta without the Nawab’s permission.
  • The Company further tried to mislead Nawab, and compounded their sin by giving asylum to a political fugitive, Krishna Das, son of Raj Ballabh who had fled with immense treasures against the Nawab’s will. The Company, on its part, suspected that Siraj-ud-daula would drastically reduce its trade privileges in collusion with the French in Bengal. Thus, when Siraj attacked and seized the English fort at Calcutta, it brought their hostility into the open.
  • The arrival of a strong force under the command of Robert Clive at Calcutta from Madras strengthened the English position in Bengal. Clive forged a secret alliance with the traitors of the Nawab—Mir Jafar, RaiDurlabh, Jagat Seth which strengthened the English position. So the English victory in the Battle of Plassey (June 23, 1757) was decided before the battle was even fought.
  • As a result of this victory, Mir Jafar became the Nawab of Bengal. He gave large sums of money plus the zamindari of 24 Parganas to the English.
  • The Battle of Plassey had political significance for it laid the foundation of the British Empire in India.
  • The battle established the military supremacy of the English in Bengal. Their main rivals, the French, were ousted.
  • Abolition of duties by the Nawab Mir Qasim and the conspiracy with Dutch against English was the reasons for the Battle of Buxar.

Article Related Questions

  1. Which of the following were the reasons for the Battle of Plassey?
    1.Fortification of Calcutta fort by English
    2.English gave asylum to a political fugitive
    3.Nawab conspired with Dutch against English
    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.1 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1 and 2 only

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