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Bhitarkanika National Park

Posted on : 17 Feb 2020

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  • The Bhitarkanika National Park, famous for the endangered saltwater crocodiles, has seen an increase of the rare species to 1,671, an annual census conducted by the Forest Department this year has found.
  • The enumerators also sighted around 12 albino crocodiles and four giant crocodiles more than 20 feet long in the water bodies of Bhitarkanika during the census.
  • In the Bhitarkanika area 1,580 and outside it 91 crocodiles were identified. In the Kanika 1,284, Rajnagar 296, Mahakalapada 69, Gahirmatha 22 were spotted.
  • The peak winter is the ideal time to carry out the census as it exposes more than 50% of mud banks.
  • Bhitarkanika National Park is located in northeast Kendrapara district in Odisha.
  • It obtained the status of a Ramsar site in 2002.
  • It is surrounded by Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary.  Gahirmatha Beach and Marine Sanctuary is to the east, separating swamp region and mangroves from the Bay of Bengal.
  • The national park and wildlife sanctuary is inundated by the rivers Brahmani, Baitarani, Dhamra, Pathsala.
  • It hosts many mangrove species, and is the second largest mangrove ecosystem in India.
  • The national park is home to saltwater crocodile, Indian python, king cobra, black ibis, darters and many other species of flora and fauna.
  • This huge area of mangrove forests and wetlands is intersected by a network of creeks with Bay of Bengal on the East.

Article Related Questions

  1. Consider the following statements regarding Bhitarkanika National Park
    1.It is located in the state of West Bengal.
    2.It has obtained the status of Ramsar site.
    3.It hosts many mangrove species, and is the second largest mangrove ecosystem in India.
    Which of the following statement is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 2 and 3 only

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