Causes of Origin of Buddhism and Jainism
Posted on : 28 Dec 2019Views: 5697
- Post-Vedic society was clearly divided into four varnas: Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. Each Varna was assigned well-defined functions which generated tensions. The Kshatriya reaction against the domination of the Brahmanas, who claimed various privileges, was one of the causes of the origin of new religions. Vardhamana Mahavira, who really founded Jainism, and Gautama Buddha, who founded Buddhism, belonged to the Kshatriya clan, and both disputed the authority of the Brahmanas.
- Spread of a new agricultural economy in north-eastern India including eastern U.P. and Bihar also led to rise of new religions. The agricultural economy based on the iron ploughshare required the use of bullocks, and could not flourish without animal husbandry. However, the Vedic practice of killing cattle indiscriminately in sacrifices hampered the progress of the new agriculture.
- Rise of a large number of cities in northeastern India like Kaushambi, Kusinagar, Vaishali etc. facilitated trade and commerce which added to the importance of Vaishyas. Naturally they sought a religion that would improve their position.
- Jainism and Buddhism at the initial stage did not attach any importance to the existing Varna system.
- They preached the gospel of non-violence, which would put an end to wars between different kingdoms and consequently promote trade and commerce.
- The Brahmanical law-books, called the Dharmasutras, decried lending money at an interest, and condemned those who lived on interest. Therefore, the vaishyas, who lent money because of the growing trade and commerce, were held in low esteem and looked for better social status.
- Both Jainism and Buddhism propounded simple, puritan, ascetic living which appealed to the old-fashioned people who did not like the use and accumulation of coins, new dwellings and clothes, new luxurious systems of transport, war and violence etc.
Article Related Questions
Consider the following statements
1.Kshatriya reaction against Brahmanical domination
2.Spread of new agricultural economy
3.Rise of new cities in northeastern India
4.Gospel of non-violence preached by Jainism and Buddhism
Which of the above is/are the reasons for the origin of Buddhism and Jainism?
2.2 and 3 only
4.1, 2, 3 and 4
Right Ans : 1, 2, 3 and 4