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Co-operative Societies by 97th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2011

Posted on : 21 Dec 2019

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The 97th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2011 gave a constitutional status and protection to co-operative societies. In this context, it made the following three changes in the Constitution:

1. It made the right to form co-operative societies a fundamental right (Article 19).

2. It included a new Directive Principle of State Policy on promotion of cooperative societies (Article 43-B).

3. It added a new Part IX-B in the Constitution which is entitled as “The Cooperative Societies” (Articles 243-ZH to 243-ZT).

The new Part IX-B contains various provisions to ensure that the cooperative societies in the country function in a democratic, professional, autonomous and economically sound manner. It empowers the Parliament in respect of multi-state cooperative societies and the state legislatures in respect of other co-operative societies to make the appropriate law.

Article Related Questions

  1. Which Constitutional Amendment Act gave a constitutional status and protection to co-operative societies?

  2. 1.42nd Constitutional Amendment Act

    2.44th Constitutional Amendment Act

    3.86th Constitutional Amendment Act

    4.97th Constitutional Amendment Act

    Right Ans : 97th Constitutional Amendment Act


  3. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains


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