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Committees set up for reforming criminal justice system

Posted on : 14 Feb 2020

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  • The Criminal Justice System in India is an age-old system primarily based upon the Penal legal system that was established by the British Rule in India.
  • The system has still not undergone any substantial changes even after 70 years of Independence. The biggest example could be Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) that defines sedition and provides for its punishment.
  • The entire Code of Criminal Procedure (Cr.P.C.) was amended in 1973.
  • The appointment of the Vohra Committee was the very first attempt towards reforming the Criminal Justice System in India. Vohra Committee report (1993) made an observation on the criminalisation of politics and of the nexus among criminals, politicians and bureaucrats in India.
  • In 2000, the government formed a panel headed by Justice V.S. Malimath, the former Chief Justice of Kerala and Karnataka, to suggest reform in the century-old criminal justice system.
  • The Malimath Committee submitted its report in 2003 with 158 recommendations but these were never implemented.
  • The Committee felt that the existing system “weighed in favour of the accused and did not adequately focus on justice to the victims of crime.”
  • Wadhwa  andShanta Kumar committees were set up for reforming public distribution system.
  • Malimath Committee (2000) on reforms in the Criminal Justice System of India (CJS) submitted its report in 2003. It suggested 158 changes in the CJSI but the recommendations weren’t implemented.
  • The Committee had opined that the existing system “weighed in favour of the accused and did not adequately focus on justice to the victims of crime.”

Article Related Questions

  1. Which of the following committees were set up for recommending on reforming criminal justice system?
    1.Vohra Committee
    2.Malimath Committee
    3.Wadhwa Committee
    4.Shanta Kumar Committee
    Choose the correct option:

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.1, 3 and 4 only

    3.1 and 3 only

    4.1, 2, 3 and 4

    Right Ans : 1 and 2 only

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