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Fast Track Courts in India

Posted on : 24 Jan 2020

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  • As per the National Judicial Data Grid, more than 3 crore civil and criminal cases are pending (as of Feb 2019) in the lower courts across the country. This delayed delivery of justice, especially in sexual assault cases leads to frequent large scale protests, by various groups demanding stricter punishment and speedier trial in such cases.
  • In this backdrop, the Fast Track Courts (FTCs) were established in Indian in the year 2000 with an aim to clear the long-pending Sessions and other lower judicial cases.
  • These are special kind of courts which have exclusive jurisdiction over a particular category of law i.e. case of sexual assault and children’s cases.
  • The main objective of fast track courts is to provide speedy justice to a large number of pending cases in a specified time.
  • Judges are appointed on ad hoc basis and retired judges are eligible for selection.  
  • A total of 1734 FTCs were approved in 2000 following the report of the 11th Finance Commission. Out of this, only 1192 were functional by 2011.
  • The central government constituted the Justice Verma Commission in 2012 to suggest possible amendments in the criminal law to ensure speedier disposal of cases relating to sexual assault.
  • According to a recently released report by the Ministry of Law and Justice in June 2019, currently, there are 581 fast track courts in the country that are functional.
  • The government in December 2019 announced to set up 1,023 fast track special courts (FTSCs) for expeditious trial and disposal of rape cases, including that of minors under Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.

Article Related Questions

  1. With reference to Fast Track Courts in India, consider the following statements
    1.Fast Track Courts were established in India on the recommendations of the 11th finance commission report in 2000.
    2.These are special kind of courts which have exclusive jurisdiction over a particular category of law.
    3.Retired judges are eligible for selection in fast track courts.
    Which of the above statements are correct?

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.1 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1, 2 and 3

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