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Governor in India

Posted on : 20 Jan 2020

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  • The Governor is the head of a state just like the President is the head of the republic. The Governor is the nominal head of a state, while the Chief Minister is the executive head.  All executive actions of the state are taken in the name of the Governor.

Eligibility Criteria

As per the Constitution of India, the following are the eligibility criteria for the appointment of the Governor in a particular state:

  • He or she must be a citizen of India.
  • He or she must have completed 35 years of age.

Additionally, two conventions have also developed in this regard over the years.

  • He should be an outsider, that is, he should not belong to the state where he is appointed, so that he is free from the local politics.
  • While appointing the governor, the president is required to consult the chief minister of the state concerned, so that the smooth functioning of the constitutional machinery in the state is ensured. However, both the conventions have been violated in some of the cases.

 

CONDITIONS OF GOVERNOR’S OFFICE

The Constitution lays down the following conditions for the governor’s office:

  1. He should not be a member of either House of Parliament or a House of the state legislature. If any such person is appointed as governor, he is deemed to have vacated his seat in that House on the date on which he enters upon his office as the governor.
  2. He should not hold any other office of profit.
  3. He is entitled without payment of rent to the use of his official residence (the Raj Bhavan).
  4. He is entitled to such emoluments, allowances and privileges as may be determined by Parliament.
  5. When the same person is appointed as the governor of two or more states, the emoluments and allowances payable to him are shared by the states in such proportion as determined by the president.
  6. His emoluments and allowances cannot be diminished during his term of office

 

Article Related Questions

  1. The Constitution of India mentions which of the following eligibility criteria for the appointment of the Governor in a particular state?
    1.He or she must be a citizen of India.
    2.He or she must have completed 35 years of age.
    3.He should not belong to the state where he is appointed, so that he is free from the local politics.
    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  2. 1.1 only

    2.1 and 2 only

    3.2 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1 and 2 only


  3. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains


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