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Great Indian Bustard

Posted on : 26 Dec 2019

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  • Great Indian Bustard is a bustard found in Indian-Subcontinent.
  • Historically, it was distributed through Western India spanning 11 states as well as parts of Pakistan.
  • Its stronghold was once the Thar Desert in north-west and the Deccan plateau of the peninsula but today its population is confined mostly to Rajasthan and Gujarat with small numbers in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
  • They generally favor flat open landscapes with minimal visual obstruction and disturbance, therefore adapt well in grasslands. (Considered flagship grassland species representing the health of grassland ecology)
  • It is listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, in the CMS Convention and in Appendix I of CITES, as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List and the National Wildlife Action Plan (2002-2016). It has also been identified as one of the species for the recovery programme under the Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
  • It is also the state bird of Rajasthan which has started “Project Godawan” for its conservation.
  • The biggest threat to this species is hunting, which is still prevalent in Pakistan. This is followed by occasional poaching outside Protected Areas, collisions with high tension electric wires, fast moving vehicles and free-ranging dogs in villages. Other threats include habitat loss and alteration as a result of widespread agricultural expansion and mechanized farming, infrastructural development such as irrigation, roads, electric poles, as well as mining and industrialization.

Article Related Questions

  1. Which of the following statements regarding Great Indian Bustard is/are correct?
    1.It is listed as endangered in the IUCN Red List.
    2.It is a flagship species of grassland ecosystem.
    3.Project Godawan was launched by Gujarat to conserve the Great Indian Bustard.
    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.2 only

    3.2 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 2 only

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