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Indus Dolphin - Punjab’s ‘State Aquatic Animal’

Posted on : 27 Dec 2019

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  • IUCN Conservation Status- Endangered.
  • Features-They are fresh water, and functionally blind species of dolphins which rely on echolocation to navigate communicate and hunt prey including prawns, catfish and carp.
  • The Punjab Government has stated that Indus river dolphin would be the key species for conservation of the Beas eco-system.
  • The Indus river dolphins is one of only a handful of freshwater dolphins in existance today; Others include the Chinese river dolphin, Ganges river dolphin and Amazon river dolphin.
  • The scientific name for the Indus river dolphin is, “Platanista gangetica minor”.
  • The Indus river dolphin is a marine mammal which means it’s warm-blooded, breathes air, gives birth and produces milk to feed its young.
  • Because these marine mammals live in the Indus river they do not face the same natural threats other dolphins are known to face such as attacks from sharks or killer whales.
  • The Indus river dolphin is one of around 80 known species of cetacea and one of around 40 known species of dolphin.
  • The Indus river is a major river that runs through Pakistan, Afghanistan, India and China allowing various locals to travel and transport goods from one location to the next.

Article Related Questions

  1. Indus Dolphin is a Punjab’s ‘State Aquatic Animal’. Which of the following is/are the characteristics of this species?
    1.It relies on echolocation to navigate communicate and hunt prey.
    2.It is among few freshwater dolphins in existence today.
    3.It is cold-blooded, mammal.
    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.1 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1 and 2 only


  3. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains


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