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National Clean Air Programme

Posted on : 09 Dec 2019

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  • Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has launched National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) as a long-term, time-bound, national-level strategy to tackle the air pollution problem across the country in a comprehensive manner.
  • The government is targeting to achieve 20 per cent to 30 per cent reduction in Particulate Matter PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations by 2024 keeping 2017 as the base year for the comparison of concentration.
  • Under NCAP, 102 non-attainment cities have been identified based on ambient air quality data for the period 2011 - 2015 and WHO report 2014 - 2018.
  • The city-specific Action Plans have been prepared and approved for ground implementation for all 102 non-attainment cities.

About National Clean Air Programme:

  • India is committed to clean environment and pollution free air and water. In fact, it is mandated in our constitution.
  • The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, was enacted under Art. 253 of the Constitution to implement the decisions taken at the United Nations Conference on Human Environment held at Stockholm in June 1972, in which India participated.
  • In order to address the issue, Government has undertaken many significant steps which inter-alia includes:

 

  • notification of National Ambient Air Quality Standards and sector specific emission and effluent standards for industries;
  • setting up of monitoring network for assessment of ambient air quality;
  • introduction of cleaner gaseous fuels like CNG, LPG etc and ethanol blending;
  • launching of National Air Quality Index (AQI);
  • universalization of BS- IV for vehicles by 2017;
  • leapfrogging from BS-IV to BS-VI standards for vehicles by 1st April, 2020;
  • banning of burning of biomass;
  • promotion of public transport network;
  • Pollution Under Control Certificate;
  • issuance of directions under Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981;
  • installation of on-line continuous (24x7) monitoring devices by 17 highly polluting industrial sectors;
  • ban on bursting of sound emitting crackers between 10 PM to 6 AM;
  • Notification of Graded Response Action Plan for Delhi and NCR identifying source wise actions for various levels of air pollution, etc.

Article Related Questions

With reference to National Clean Air Programme, consider the following statements
1.Commitment towards clean environment and pollution free air and water is mandated in our constitution.
2.Niti Aayog has launched National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) as a long-term, time-bound, national-level strategy to tackle the air pollution.
Which of the following statement is/are correct?

1.1 only

2.2 only

3.Both 1 and 2

4.Neither 1 nor 2

Right Ans : 1 only

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