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National education policy

Posted on : 29 Nov 2019

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  • The National Policy on Education (NPE) is a policy formulated by the Government of India to promote education amongst India's people.
  • The policy covers elementary education to colleges in both rural and urban India.
  • The first NPE was promulgated in 1968 by the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, and the second by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1986
  • The recent committee for Draft National Education Policy is chaired by Dr. K. Kasturirangan
  • The report proposes an education policy, which seeks to address the challenges of: (i) access, (ii) equity, (iii) quality, (iv) affordability, and (v) accountability faced by the current education system.
  • The draft Policy provides for reforms at all levels of education from school to higher education. It seeks to increase the focus on early childhood care, reform the current exam system, strengthen teacher training, and restructure the education regulatory framework.

Salient features of the draft National education policy

  • School Education
    • The policy aims to deliver quality early childhood care and education for all children between 3 to 6 years by 2025.
    • Special attention will be given to early language and mathematics in Grades 1 to 5.
    • The Committee proposes an equal emphasis on all the subjects - science, social sciences, art, languages, sports, mathematics with the integration of vocational and academic streams in school.
    • There is an aim to achieve 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio for all school education by 2030.
    • Special education zones will come to put a barrier that no child loses any opportunity to learn and excel due to his/her circumstances of birth or background.
    • The recruitment of teachers will be transparent and promotions will be based on merit.
    • Focused on the governance of the school by proposing school complexes (cluster of 10-20 public schools). This will ensure the availability of all resources starting infrastructure to academic.
    • Separate bodies will carry out the regulation and operations of schools to eliminate conflict of interest.
  • Higher Education
    • The Committee proposes 15,000 excellent institutions across the country instead of current 800 universities and 40,000 colleges.
    • A proposal for the broad-based liberal arts education at the undergraduate level.
    • The institutional governance will be based on autonomy (academic, administrative and financial). Each higher education institution will be governed by an independent board.
    • The National Higher Education Regulatory Authority will be the only regulator for all higher education, including professional education.
  • Teacher Education
    • The demand for teachers will increase in the coming years. New teachers need rigorous preparation and practising teachers need a professional development besides academic and professional support.
    • The 4-year integrated Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) programme for teacher preparation will be offered as an undergraduate programme. However, the current two-year B.Ed will continue until 2030.
  • Professional Education
    • All professional education will come under the roof of the higher education system.
    •  Independent technical universities, health science universities, legal and agricultural universities or institutions in these or other fields will be discontinued.
    • The first year or two of the MBBS course will be designed in such a way that it is common for all science graduates after which they can take up MBBS, BDS, Nursing or other specialisations.
  • Others
    • The NEP will ensure the growth and preservation of all Indian languages.
    • 100% youth and adult literacy by 2030 is the policy aim.
    • Proposal for public investment to expand public education.
    • Under the Prime Minister of India, Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog or National Education Commission will be formed. This will be the custodian of the vision of education in India.

Article Related Questions

  1. Consider the following statements regarding the recently launched National Policy on Education 2019
    1. The recent committee for Draft National Education Policy is chaired by Dr. K. Kasturirangan
    2. The policy covers elementary education to colleges in both rural and urban India.
    3. The first NPE was promulgated in 1968 by the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi

    Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.1 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1, 2 and 3

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