Posted on : 29 Nov 2019Views: 162
- Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi cause it.
- The infection causes inflammation in the air sacs in your lungs, which are called alveoli. The alveoli fill with fluid or pus, making it difficult to breathe.
- The germs that cause pneumonia are contagious. This means they can spread from person to person.
- Both viral and bacterial pneumonia can spread to others through inhalation of airborne droplets from a sneeze or cough.
- You can also get these types of pneumonia by coming into contact with surfaces or objects that are contaminated with pneumonia-causing bacteria or viruses.
- Oral antibiotics can treat most cases of bacterial pneumonia.
Types of pneumonia
Pneumonia can also be classified according to where or how it was acquired.
- Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP): This type of bacterial pneumonia is acquired during a hospital stay. It can be more serious than other types, as the bacteria involved may be more resistant to antibiotics.
- Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP): Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) refers to pneumonia that’s acquired outside of a medical or institutional setting.
- Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP): When people who are using a ventilator get pneumonia, it’s called VAP.
Article Related Questions
Consider the following statement regarding Pneumonia disease.
1. Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs
2. It can be caused only through bacteria
3. Oral antibiotics can treat most cases of bacterial pneumonia
Which of the above statement is/are correct?
The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains
1.1 and 2 only
2.2 and 3 only
3.1 and 3 only
4.1, 2 and 3
Right Ans : 1 and 3 only