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Preamble of the constitution

Posted on : 21 Dec 2019

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  • The American Constitution was the first to begin with a Preamble. Many countries, including India, followed this practice. The term ‘preamble’ refers to the introduction or preface to the Constitution. It contains the summary or essence of the Constitution. N A Palkhivala, an eminent jurist and constitutional expert, called the Preamble as the ‘identity card of the Constitution.’
  • The Preamble to the Indian Constitution is based on the ‘Objectives Resolution’, drafted and moved by Pandit Nehru, and adopted by the Constituent Assembly1. It has been amended by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act (1976), which added three new words —socialist, secular and integrity.

INGREDIENTS OF THE PREAMBLE

The Preamble reveals four ingredients or components:

1. Source of authority of the Constitution: The Preamble states that the Constitution derives its authority from the people of India.

2. Nature of Indian State: It declares India to be of a sovereign, socialist, secular democratic and republican polity.

3. Objectives of the Constitution: It specifies justice, liberty, equality and fraternity as the objectives.

4. Date of adoption of the Constitution: It stipulates November 26, 1949 as the date.

Article Related Questions

  1. With reference to Preamble of the Indian constitution, consider the following statements
    1.The American Constitution was the first to begin with a Preamble.
    2.The Preamble to the Indian Constitution is based on the ‘Objectives Resolution’ by Pandit Nehru.
    3.The Preamble states that the Constitution derives its authority from the people of India.
    Which of the following statement is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.1 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1, 2 and 3

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