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Press Council of India

Posted on : 30 Nov 2019

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  • It was first set up in the year 1966 by the Parliament on the recommendations of the First Press Commission with the object of preserving the freedom of the press and of maintaining and improving the standards of press in India.
  • The present Council functions under the Press Council Act, 1978.
  • It is a statutory, quasi-judicial authority functioning as a watchdog of the press, for the press and by the press.
  • It adjudicates the complaints against and by the press for violation of ethics and for violation of the freedom of the press respectively.
  • The Press Council is headed by a Chairman, who has by convention, been a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.
  • The Council consists of 28 other members of whom 20 represent the press and are nominated by the press organisations/news agencies recognised and notified by the Council as all India bodies of categories such as editors, working journalists and owners and managers of newspaper and news agencies, five members are nominated from the two Houses of Parliament and three represent cultural, literary and legal fields as nominees of the Sahitya Academy, University Grants Commission and the Bar Council of India.
  • The members serve on the Council for a term of three years.
  • A retiring member shall be eligible for renomination for not more than one term. (max 2 consecutive terms)
  • The important functions of the Council are:
    • To help newspapers and news agencies to maintain their independence,
    • To build up a code of conduct for newspapers, news agencies and journalists,
    • To keep under review any development likely to restrict supply and dissemination of news of public interest and importance.
    • To concern itself with the developments such as concentration of or other aspects of ownership of newspapers and news agencies which may affect the independence of the press

Article Related Questions

  1. Consider the following statements regarding Press Council of India:
    1.It is a constitutional body.
    2.It does not have the power to review the functioning of the electronic media like radio and television etc.
    3.Most of the members in PCI are from the press.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  2. 1.3 only

    2.1 and 3 only

    3.1 and 2 only

    4.2 and 3 only

    Right Ans : 2 and 3 only


  3. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains


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