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Senior Citizens Amendment Bill

Posted on : 08 Jan 2020

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  • The Union Cabinet approved a bill to amend a law which governs the welfare of senior citizens.
  • The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • The Bill amends the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007. The bill provides basic needs, safety and security to senior citizens.
  • The bill proposes registration and maintenance of minimum standards of senior citizens' care homes, besides registration of homecare service agencies.
  • Under the Act, state governments may set up old age homes. The Bill removes this and provides for senior citizen care homes which may be set up by government or private organisations. These homes must be registered with a registration authority set up by the state government. The central government will prescribe minimum standards for these homes, such as food, infrastructure, and medical facilities.
  • The Bill removes the upper limit on the maintenance fee. The Tribunals may take the following into consideration while deciding the maintenance amount:
    • the standard of living and earnings of the parent or senior citizen, and
    • the earnings of the children.
  • The Act requires children and relatives to deposit the maintenance amount with the relevant parent or senior citizen within 30 days of being ordered to do so. The Bill reduces the number of days to 15.
  • The Act provides for senior citizens or parents to appeal the decisions of the maintenance Tribunal. The Bill allows children and relatives also to appeal decisions of the Tribunal.
  • The Bill expands the definition of:
    • maintenance to include the provision of healthcare, safety, and security for parents and senior citizens to lead a life of dignity,
    • Welfare to include the provision of housing, clothing, safety, and other amenities necessary for the physical and mental well-being of a senior citizen or parent.
  • The Bill adds the following to the definition: step-children, adoptive children, children-in-laws, and the legal guardian of minor children.
  • The Act defines parents to include biological, adoptive, and step parents. The Bill expands the definition of parents to include parent-in-laws, and grandparents.
  • The Bill requires all hospitals, including private organisations, to provide certain facilities (such as separate queues, beds, and facilities for geriatric patients) for senior citizens. Further, homecare facilities will be provided for senior citizens with disabilities.
  • The Bill requires every police station to have at least one officer, not below the rank of Assistant Sub-Inspector, to deal with issues related to parents and senior citizens. 

Article Related Questions

  1. Consider the following statements regarding Senior Citizens Amendment Bill
    1.The Bill amends the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act 2007.
    2.The Bill removes the upper limit on the maintenance fee.
    3.The Bill expands the definition of parents to include parent-in-laws, and grandparents.
    Which of the following statement is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.1 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1, 2 and 3


  3. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains


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