The Saint Helena Act 1833 or the Government of India Act 1833
Posted on : 10 Dec 2019Views: 168
As this Act was also intended to provide for an extension of the royal charter granted to the East India Company, it is also called the Charter Act of 1833. This Act extended the charter by 20 years. It contained the following provisions:
- It redesignated the Governor-General of Bengal as the Governor-General of India. Under this provision Lord William Bentinck became the first Governor-General of India in the last of 1833.
- It deprived the Governors of Bombay and Madras of their legislative powers. For the first time, the Governor-General's Government was known as the 'Government of India' and his council as the 'India Council'. The Governor-General and his executive council were given exclusive legislative powers for the whole of British India.
- It ended the activities of the British East India Company as a commercial body and it became a purely administrative body. In particular, the Company lost its monopoly on trade with China and other parts of the Far East.
- It attempted to introduce a system of open competitions for the selection of civil servants. However this provision was negated after opposition from the Court of Directors who continued to hold the privilege of appointing Company officials.
- Control of the island of Saint Helena is transferred from the East India Company to the Crown.
Article Related Questions
Which of the following Acts is known as the “Saint Helena Act”?
The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains
1.Charter Act of 1793
2.Charter Act of 1813
3.Charter Act of 1833
4.Charter Act of 1853
Right Ans : Charter Act of 1833