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The Sarus Crane (Antigone Antigone) a large non-migratory crane

Posted on : 27 Dec 2019

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  • The Sarus Crane (Antigone Antigone) is a large non-migratory crane found in parts of India, Southeast Asia, and Australia.
  • The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has marked it as ‘vulnerable’ in its list of threatened species.
  • It generally inhabits natural wetlands with low water depth, marshy and fallow areas, and agricultural fields.
  • It is a social creature, found mostly in pairs or small groups of three or four.
  • It is the tallest (average 5 feet) flying bird in the world and also India’s only resident breeding crane, as per the Wildlife Trust of India (WTI).
  • Sarus is omnivorous, feeding on fish and insects, as well as roots and plants.
  • Threats: Loss of degradation of wetlands, ingestion of pesticides, hunting of adults and collection of eggs and chicks for trade, food, medicinal purposes, habitat lying outside protected areas.

Article Related Questions

  1. Which of the following statements is/are incorrect regarding Sarus Crane?
    1.It is a large non-migratory crane endemic to the Indian subcontinent.
    2.It is listed as ‘vulnerable’ in the IUCN’s Red Data list.
    3.It is an omnivorous creature generally inhabiting the natural wetlands with low water depth.
    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  2. 1.1 only

    2.2 only

    3.1 and 2 only

    4.2 and 3 only

    Right Ans : 1 only

  3. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains

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