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Treaty of Yandabo

Posted on : 15 Feb 2020

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  • The first Burmese war was officially declared on 24 February 1824. After an initial set-back, the British forces drove the Burmese out of Assam, Cachar, Manipur, and Arakan. The British expeditionary forces by sea occupied Rangoon in May 1824 and reached within 45 miles of the capital at Ava.
  • The famous Burmese General MahaBandula was killed in April 1825. But Burmese resistance was tough and determined. Especially effective was guerrilla warfare in the jungles.
  • The rainy climate and virulent diseases added to the cruelty of the war. Fever and dysentery killed more people than the war. In Rangoon 3,160 died in hospitals and 166 on the battlefield. In all the British lost 15,000 soldiers out of the 40,000 they had landed In Burma. Moreover, the war was proving financially extremely costly.
  • Thus the British, who were winning the war, as well as the Burmese, who were losing it, were glad to make peace which came in February 1826 with the Treaty of Yandabo.
  • The Government of Burma agreed: (1) to pay one crore rupees as war compensation; (2) 'to cede its coastal provinces of Arakan and Tenasserim; (3) to abandon all claims to Assam, Cachar, and Jaintia; (4) to recognise Manipur as an independent state; (5) to negotiate a commercial treaty with Britain; (6) and to accept a British Resident at Ava while posting a Burmese envoy at Calcutta. By this treaty, the British deprived Burma of most of its coastline and acquired a firm base in Burma for future expansion.

Article Related Questions

  1. The first Burmese War was ended on February 1826 with the Treaty of Yandabo. In this treaty, Government of Burma agreed
    1.To pay one crore rupees as war compensation
    2.To recognise Mizoram as an independent state
    3.To accept a British Resident at Ava
    4.To abandon all claims to Assam, Cachar, and Jaintia
    Which of the above statements are correct?

  2. 1.1 and 3 only

    2.2 and 4 only

    3.1, 3 and 4 only

    4.1, 2, 3 and 4

    Right Ans : 1, 3 and 4 only

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