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Virshaiva Movement/ Lingayats

Posted on : 22 Feb 2020

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  • The Virshaivasis a Shaivite sect in Hinduism that emerged in the 12th Century AD in Karnataka during the reign of Kalachuri dynasty.
  • They opposed the elaborate rituals prescribed by Hindu priests.
  • They also rejected the caste system and various social practices of Hindus.
  •  It was initiated by Basavanna and was assisted by Allamaprabhu and Akkamaha Devi.
  • They wanted a more egalitarian society and greater individual freedom.
  • The followers are called Virshaiva (heroes of Shiva) or the Lingayats (wearers of Shivalinga).

Article Related Questions

  1. The twelfth century witnessed the emergence of a new movement in Karnataka, led by a Brahmana named Basavanna. In this context, consider the following statements
    1.His followers were known as Virashaivas or Lingayats.
    2.They supported the caste system and various social practices of Hindus.
    3.The Virshaivasis a Shaivite sect in Hinduism.
    Which of the above statements are correct?

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.1 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1 and 3 only

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