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Why India needs a Project Dolphin

Posted on : 13 Feb 2020

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  • The government is planning to launch a programme called “Project Dolphin”, along the lines of “Project Tiger” to enhance the population of these dolphins.
  • The Gangetic river dolphins can only live in freshwater, are blind and catch their prey in a unique manner, using ultrasonic sound waves.
  • The Gangetic river dolphins were officially discovered in 1801 and are one of the oldest creatures in the world along with some species of turtles, crocodiles and sharks, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
  • They once lived in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of Nepal, India, and Bangladesh, but are now mostly extinct from many of its early distribution ranges, as per WWF.
  • In 2009, the Gangetic dolphin was declared India’s National Aquatic animal. Gangetic dolphin has been notified by the Assam as the state aquatic animal too.
  • It is placed under the “endangered” category by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
  • They are distributed across seven states in India: Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
  • Their numbers have dwindled in the last few decades mainly because of direct killing, habitat fragmentation by dams and barrages and indiscriminate fishing.

Article Related Questions

  1. Consider the following statements regarding Gangetic river dolphin
    1.The Gangetic river dolphins can only live in freshwater
    2.They are one of the oldest creatures in the world along with some species of turtles
    3.It is placed under the “critically endangered” category by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
    Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.1 and 2 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1 and 2 only

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