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Zero budget natural farming (ZBNF)

Posted on : 02 Dec 2019

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  • It is a method of chemical-free agriculture drawing from traditional Indian practices.
  • Using cow dung, urine based formulations and botanical extracts would help farmers in reducing the input cost.
  • Intercropping with leguminous crops is one of the components of ZBNF and it improves the crop productivity and soil fertility by way of fixing the atmospheric nitrogen.
  • It promotes soil aeration, minimal watering, intercropping, bunds and topsoil mulching and discourages intensive irrigation and deep ploughing.
  • It was developed by Subhash Palekar from Maharashtra in the mid-1990s as an alternative to the Green Revolution’s methods, which led to indebtedness and suicide among farmers due to rising cost on external inputs in agriculture.
  • During this revolution, impact of chemicals on the environment and on long-term fertility was also very devastating.
  • ZBNF would break the debt cycle for many small farmers.
  • Components of ZBNF
    • Jeevamrutha: It is a fermented microbial culture that uses urine and dung from an indigenous cow breed and paste of green gram to rejuvenate the soil to provide micro-nutrients to crops.
    • Bijamrita: It is a treatment used for seeds, seedlings or any planting material.
    • Acchadana: It promotes mulching and soil aeration for favourable soil conditions.
    • Whapasa: It provides moisture to the soil.

Article Related Questions

  1. Consider the following statements regarding Zero budget natural farming (ZBNF)
    1.It is a method of chemical-free agriculture drawing from traditional Indian practices.
    2.Intercropping with leguminous crops is one of the components of ZBNF
    3.ZBNF would break the debt cycle for many small farmers.
    Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  2. 1.1 and 2 only

    2.2 and 3 only

    3.1 and 3 only

    4.1, 2 and 3

    Right Ans : 1, 2 and 3


  3. The 1857 Uprising was the culmination of the recurrent big and small local rebellions that occured in the preceding hundred years of British Rule. Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) - 2019 Mains


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