Water is an essential element for life. It is a colorless, tasteless and odorless fluid. Water occurs in three states - Solid, Liquid and Gas. We use water for drinking, cleaning, washing, cooking, growing our food etc.
Water scarcity is defined as lack of sufficient water available to meet the water needs of people. The various surveys show that the total quantity of water available today is same as it was available two thousand years ago but due to increase in population, rapid industrialization, rising standard of living etc have increased the demand for water. Today, clean drinking water has become scarce. There are billions of people across the globe who spend their entire day in search of water and on the other hand, there are those people who have access to safe and clean drinking water but they don’t use it judiciously.
It is a common saying that “Water water everywhere but not a single drop to drink”. The main causes of water scarcity are water pollution, population explosion, misuse of water, deforestation etc. When people do not have access to clean water, there is no way to clean dishes, cook food etc. It is the human nature that we value things only when they are in shortage. Due to the various human activities, that time is not far when water bodies will become dry and people will not have access to water.
Remedies to handle water scarcity are:-
Drought is a natural disaster. The Oxford dictionary defines drought as the prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to water shortage. India is abundant in natural resources. Though India is rapidly moving towards the path of development, still it lacks the required techniques to face the natural calamities. The main causes of drought include shortage of rainfall, deforestation, lack of irrigation methods that could meet the water needs in times of inadequate monsoons, soil erosion etc. In this way, drought affects industries, cultivation of crops and economy on the whole. Today, one of the biggest concern is lack of rainfall. The various steps that can be taken to avoid drought like situation in India are:-
As the earth continues to warm, India will become more prone to natural calamities like droughts, floods etc. It is high time to address the drought risk management to save the lives of millions of people. It is the responsibility of Government to devise various methods to deal with drought like situation as well as water scarcity problems.
- Suhasini Gupta