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Property is mainly divided into two parts, namely movable and immovable. Any offence which is committed in regard to any property whether it is movable or immovable is punishable under the provisions of the law of Crimes or the Indian Penal Code. These offences and the punishments relating to them are explained in details in sections 378 to 460 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (Act No. XLV of 1860).

The offences which are mainly recognized in the said Code are ten in number.

  1. Theft.
  2. Extortion.
  3. Robbery and dacoity.
  4. Criminal misappropriation of property.
  5. Criminal breach of trust.
  6. Receiving stolen property
  7. Cheating.
  8. Fraudulent deed and disposition of property.
  9. Mischief.
  10. Criminal trespass