Dr. B. R Ambedkar once said that India is a linguistic province. HINDI. A language that originated from Sanskrit like many other languages and spoken nearly by 180 Million people all over the world. Sanskrit has its origin roots in India along with World's oldest language Tamil. India a secular state has nearly 76% Hindus and 16% Muslims where in total population of 125 crores nearly 90 crore people speak Hindi. Article 343(1), Article 351 (Schedule 8) by Official Languages Act 1963 it has been decided that Hindi is an official language of our country. Though the large population of South India objected the decision of Hindi being official language, it was decided that along with Hindi, English will also be official language in India. Where all the proceedings of Judicial system and corporate sectors English is give much more priority than Hindi. English language is learned and practiced on large scale in India than any other country in the world.
Hindi is not the national language of our country as an Indian Court has clarified that Indian Constitution does not mention it as such. Bihar was the first state to adopt Hindi as official language in 1881. All over the world Hindi is taught and learned among 180 million people. Among 21 Languages that are spoken in India because of the large population that speaks Hindi, it is chosen as official language. A nearly century of contrastive studies in the field of applied linguistics, it has proved the influence of Hindi all over the country.
A non-comprehensive comparison of English and Hindi makes Hindi indispensible between the large community who speaks and understands it. Where all the social, economical, cultural, financial transactions and process in the country takes place in English and Hindi both, Hindi makes its way clear as large populations literate or illiterate speaks and understands the language easily. Schemes are announced by the Union government for the benefits of people and are then named after some notorious personalities who once aspired to help poor people of the country or who did a commendable job to improve socio economic status of the people. Schemes that are announced caricatures the government which in turn is for the people. Initially when Pandit Nehru started giving names to the schemes, one of those is MNREGA - Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. While other schemes that can be mentioned here are Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission, Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme, Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls, Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme There are some schemes announced in Hindi recently which is working out to be effective.
Pro-Poor: PM Jan Dhan Yojana, Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate Karyakram, Antyodaya Yojana, MUDRA Bank
Pro-Youth: Pandeet Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana, Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan, Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan.
Pro-Farmer: Pandeet Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram JyotiYojana, PM Krishi Sichai Yojana, Jan Suraksha Scheme
Pro-Women: Beti Bacho, Beti Padho, Swachh Bharat Mission.
Imbecile government, since 1947 is only "Trying"good things, but that has managed to remain only on paper. Without understanding the finer nuances of the system we cannot effectively implement the schemes that are being announced. Manmohan Singh, former PM of the country once said, "India is not poor country, India is poor country with rich people". These rich people belong to the various departments which come across when the schemes are being implemented. Naming schemes behind the great personalities is fine but naming them in English in a country where still 31% of population is illiterate is not understood. While Hindi is language spoken regionally it is well understood among large no. of people & is easiest way to reach people and to understand for them what it is all about. The large participation of people in Pro-poor and Pro-farmer schemes mentioned above shows that people understood what it is all about which led to the large participation. Since 1947, billions and trillions of money is being invested in the schemes announced but very few of them are implemented because it did not reach to people. Every scheme that was announced was efficient enough to eradicate poverty, provide employment, supply food, and provide education but why this never happened. Schemes are announced so that large rural population who depends on agriculture gets optional employment, people who live below poverty line can get two time food and children below age of 9 can get education. But the schemes that are announced are hardly implemented and executed. Because of the bizarre structure of departments with large no. of corrupt people, illiteracy, corruption and vectors that ask for commission is the reason these schemes never reach the poorer.
India being a linguistic province and Hindi being official, regional and vastly spoken language across the large population of country and so as to reach maximum no. of people who will understand the schemes easily I think all the government schemes should be named in Hindi.
Durgesh Vijay Bhende